Newsreel titled, 'Persia and the Oil Fields." Narrator chronicles discovery of oil in Persia, benefits of oil to the local economy, and British involvement via the Great Oil Company (now British Petroleum). View of barren lands in Persia (now Abadan in Iran). Oil drillers at work in a refinery amidst the barren lands. Construction of oil refinery at Abadan. Oil revenue brings benefits to the people, as shown by new bridges, school buildings, young students in classroom, and college students studying technical subjects. Professor instructs in front of a blackboard filled with mathematical formulas. Workers at metal shop machines applying new technical knowledge. Oil pipe lines laid across stretches of undeveloped land near Abadan, Iran. Crude oil bubbling from the ground. View of several British oil transport ships at a dock in the Persian Gulf, including the "British Guardian" and the "British Virtue." Narrator eludes to the then current difficulties in relations between Iran and Britain, due to the British oil embargo following Mossadegh's nationalization of Iran's oil reserves.
Crew operate Anglo-Iranian Oil Company facility at Abadan, Iran. Under the watchful eye of a supervisor, Iranian petroleum workers labor together in teams of several men each, to manipulate valves on a network of large pipes running close to the ground, at the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company facility in Abadan, Iran. To obtain better spacing and turning leverage, the workers employ shaped steel rods inserted into the valve wheels. A single worker closes a valve, inside a building. Another worker looks at a meter amongst a group of such devices, in the building. Two workes close a valve, as a supervisor watches. Several men walk across network of pipes and manipulate control valves outdoors. View of building with "Gas Oil Pump House" written on it in English and Persian.
Col Charles Porter, Commanding Officer of Abadan military base with Russian general & Brigadier General Macmillan. Activities on airfield. Refueling and planes checked by mechanics. Planes towed to Russian side of airfield. Russian pilot tests gun. Russian and American pilot work together fix plane. American paints over star on plane to turn it into Soviet red star. Russian pilot in P-40 takes off for Tehran and Russia. Airfield lined with assembled P-40s and B-25s awaiting shipment to Russia.
British people in Iran. A building with a sign that reads 'Abadan Printing Works'. An arrow points towards the entrance. A man sits at the corner of the building below the sign. People outside the entrance. They walk away. A man strikes off the name of the newspaper 'Daily News'. A British man types on a typewriter. Two other British men standing near him leaf through papers. The name of the newspaper ' Daily News' is struck off and a paper is placed on the newspaper. The men go through papers as the typist types.
Oil crisis in Abadan, Iran. The Iranian government nationalizes the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and expels the Western companies from oil refineries. Demonstrations at the company offices and raising of Iranian flags over the building takes place. Board of 'Abadan Printing Works' on building. British flag on the ship offshore. Workers turn hand wheel to shut down the oil flow t the refinery. British women and children board an airplane.
Major events of the year 1951. Nationalization of Anglo Iranian oil refinery at Abadan, Iran. Workers at the refinery. British action leads people to protest against Britain and other western democracies on streets in Iran. Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddeq takes the matter to the United Nations. Delegates of various countries at the meeting. The United Nations headquarters in New York, United states.