Newsreel titled, 'Persia and the Oil Fields." Narrator chronicles discovery of oil in Persia, benefits of oil to the local economy, and British involvement via the Great Oil Company (now British Petroleum). View of barren lands in Persia (now Abadan in Iran). Oil drillers at work in a refinery amidst the barren lands. Construction of oil refinery at Abadan. Oil revenue brings benefits to the people, as shown by new bridges, school buildings, young students in classroom, and college students studying technical subjects. Professor instructs in front of a blackboard filled with mathematical formulas. Workers at metal shop machines applying new technical knowledge. Oil pipe lines laid across stretches of undeveloped land near Abadan, Iran. Crude oil bubbling from the ground. View of several British oil transport ships at a dock in the Persian Gulf, including the "British Guardian" and the "British Virtue." Narrator eludes to the then current difficulties in relations between Iran and Britain, due to the British oil embargo following Mossadegh's nationalization of Iran's oil reserves.
Major events of the year 1951. Nationalization of Anglo Iranian oil refinery at Abadan, Iran. Workers at the refinery. British action leads people to protest against Britain and other western democracies on streets in Iran. Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddeq takes the matter to the United Nations. Delegates of various countries at the meeting. The United Nations headquarters in New York, United states.
Crew operate Anglo-Iranian Oil Company facility at Abadan, Iran. Under the watchful eye of a supervisor, Iranian petroleum workers labor together in teams of several men each, to manipulate valves on a network of large pipes running close to the ground, at the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company facility in Abadan, Iran. To obtain better spacing and turning leverage, the workers employ shaped steel rods inserted into the valve wheels. A single worker closes a valve, inside a building. Another worker looks at a meter amongst a group of such devices, in the building. Two workes close a valve, as a supervisor watches. Several men walk across network of pipes and manipulate control valves outdoors. View of building with "Gas Oil Pump House" written on it in English and Persian.
Oil crisis in Abadan, Iran. The Iranian government nationalizes the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and expels the Western companies from oil refineries. Demonstrations at the company offices and raising of Iranian flags over the building takes place. Board of 'Abadan Printing Works' on building. British flag on the ship offshore. Workers turn hand wheel to shut down the oil flow t the refinery. British women and children board an airplane.
U.S. Ambassador to Iran, Henry Grady, walks with a manager of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, at its main facility in Abadan, Iran. The manager is explaining aspects of the plant to Grady. Next, the manager is seen pointing out features of the facility to W.Averell Harriman, President Truman's personal representative, as Ambassador Grady stands behind them. Change of scene, shows the manager and ambassador Grady high on a platform overlooking the facility, as Harriman joins them. They stand with huge pipes behind them as the manager points out items of interest in the expanse of petroleum tanks and other things below them. View from behind the guests and accompanying escorts, looking out at set of 13 tall chimneys rising from building in the facility yards below. More clusters of chimneys are seen in far background.
A Canadair C-4 argonaut aircraft operated by BOAC, taxis in rapidly, using inboard engines only, and parks on airport tarmac, at Abadan airport, Itan. The only passenger to deplane is U.S. Ambassador to Iran, Henry F. Grady (probably arriving from Tehran). He is met and greeted by a reception committee. Closeup of Ambassador Grady, making some remarks, as a member of the press stands next to him, holding a microphone. Next, he is seen conversing briefly, with another man, before walking towards the airport terminal building, followed by others.