Life of Soviet Georgian people of Batumi, in the Adjar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic of the Soviet Union. Adjarian people milling about on streets in the Black Sea coastal city of Batumi, Adjar. Busy sidewalk cafes. Men, women, and children shop for fruits and vegetables from stalls on a street. Men at a roadside cafe. People swim at a Black Sea beach. A ship waits in the Black Sea port at Batumi, as travelers leave Batumi, in small boats, to board her. Scenes of Yalta, after the passengers arrive there. People milling about on a city street with shops in Yalta, Crimea. A horse drawn cart being pulled as it ascends toward a nearby summit of the Ai-Petri mountains. Elevated view from the mountains of Yalta toward vineyards and toward the south shore of the Black Sea.
Vintage scenes from Adjar, just north of Turkey, in the Adjar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Batumi section, showing an ethnic subgroup of Georgians. Veiled Muslim women ("of the Mohammedan faith" says the narrator), with their faces covered, attend an ancient unveiling ceremony. Adjarian people (Ajars), mostly of Turkish descent, gather in a rural town to watch the ceremony and celebration. Soviet Commissar of the People's Council addresses the gathering. Elderly men talk and share ancient traditional stories with the women. Women after being unveiled. Men of Adjara in traditional clothing dance after the unveiling ceremony. A circle of villagers surrounds the dancers and claps.
Life of people in Georgia Soviet Socialist Republic. Men ride horses on a field. A woman at the bank of a pond near a dam and waterfall. Narrator discusses the beauty and warmth of this area of the Caucasus mountain region on the Black Sea. Women rest in the yard of a convent. Women and men hanging and curing Turkish tobacco leaves in open air. A woman smoking a long pipe of tobacco. A woman leads a team of oxen to till and cultivate a piece of land using an ancient, slotted, rotating tiller. A herd of goats graze on a mountain slope.
Coal mining in Tkibuli, Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic. A passenger railroad train underway approaching Tkibuli, Georgia. Passengers aboard the train wave. Coal mine and limestone industries in the city of Tkibuli. View of coal processing operations. Coal mine workers pose as a group, and then coal miners are shown working in a tunnel shaft and mining for coal. Coal miners and management talk outside a tunnel. Coal being transported on rail track trolleys from the mine to the network of crushers and sorters. View of old mining operations area on side of a mountain where miners used to pick and hack at the side of the mountain to get coal, instead of using more modern methods. View of old coal processing system on mountainside, powered by mountain streams to turn the wheels. Workers use shovels and other tools in a water trough.
Life of people and developmental efforts in the Ukraine. Views of a village. Native men and women dance to the tunes of folk music. Huts in a village. Bank of the Dnieper River. Lenin dam being constructed along the river. Boulders being loaded with the help of Steam shovel. Railroad cars carry construction material to the construction site. Huge hills being dynamited. Men work with spades to construct the dam. A huge mess for the workers. Cooks prepare food in a kitchen. The workers eat the food. American and Russian engineers plan to exploit the natural resources. An American colony. Exteriors of the building. Children enjoy skating.
The Russian Revolution of 1917. Scenes of trench warfare on the Western Front during World War I. German soldiers firing at enemy positions. Ill-equipped Russian troops in the field, and suffering from pestilence and disease. A Russian soldier wearing no shirt and with no equipment is seen scratching at itches on his own body. Starving, sad Russian children are shown back in Russia. Scenes of St Petersburg, Russia in March 1917, during demonstrations for increased bread rations. Responding Russian troops defect and join demands for the transfer of power from the Czar to an elected parliament. A military vehicle loaded with troops is seen rallying and celebrating with Russian people. Minister of Justice in the Provisional Government Alexander Kerensky speaks to a large crowd. Czar Nicholas II, who has abdicated, sitting on a stump, with a few guards behind him. Political prisoners are freed from prisons. Leon Trotsky, speaking from a train platform, upon his return from exile in Canada. Summer, 1917, and Alexander Kerensky becomes Head of the Russian Provisional Government. Kerensky, standing in the balcony of a building, proclaims Russia a republic. A large crowd gathered outside the building. Vladimir Lenin speaking to a large crowd on the Kerensky Republic. View of Farmer workers with shovels in a field. Lenin and Trotsky call for the members of the Farmer Worker Army Union Soviet to work against the Kerensky Republic. View of Lenin speaking against the Republic and for class warfare. Lenin's Bolsheviks riot and seize the railroad stations, telegraph lines, and government offices. A tower column of the Russian monarchy is seen falling to the ground. Events on November 25 after the Russian Revolution: A number of people on a street during elections called for by Kerensky. View of Lenin talking to people in the streets. Lenin's Bolshevik group loses to the SR party. People in the streets near the time of the election. The elected assembly of the Socialist Revolutionary Party is seen meeting under the protection of Trotsky's Red Army which is seen marching near a crowd. Catherine Breshkovsky is seen standing and speaking at the assembly meeting. The elected assembly in session. The assembly refuses to turn power over to the Lenin Soviet. The members of the elected assembly are seen finally giving in to the Bolsheviks and the factions of the SR that have split to support the Bolsheviks. The leaders of the defeated faction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party (SR) are seen leaving the grounds of the assembly. In the next scene, a crowd protests against the dismissal of the elected assembly, to no avail.. Lenin speaking to a large crowd. He speaks about the power won and maintained by violence. Views of the demonstrating crowd.