U.S. President John F. Kennedy's speech regarding racism and racial tensions in Alabama, delivered from Washington DC, the White House. United States President Kennedy seated at a desk and speaks over a microphone. The President speaks about racial discrimination against blacks in the United States. He talks about the University of Alabama not giving admission to two clearly qualified young Alabama residents who happened to have been born Negroes, due to segregation and discrimination practices. View of people crowded outside the University of Alabama. Men take pictures as officials escort entering students Vivian Malone and James Hood into the University. The President says that the nation is founded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened. President Kennedy says that it is right for American consumers of any color to receive equal service in places of public accommodation, to register and to vote in a free election without interference or fear of reprisal. Additional views of Vivian Malone and James Hood walking with crowds and also unaccompanied on the University of Alabama campus. A policeman rides a motorcycle on a road at the University. President Kennedy talks about respecting negro citizens and importance of civil rights and equality. The President says that no city or State or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore the rights of any of its citizens. Press record his speech and take pictures.
Bombing demonstration by U.S. Army Air Service DH4 aircraft under command of Brigadier General Billy Mitchell. The target is Battleship USS Alabama, in September, 1921 in the Chesapeake Bay, United States. Army flier is seen checking security of a bomb under wing of aircraft. USS Alabama underway in the Chesapeake Bay. Aerial views from United States Army Air Service planes in flight over the battleship. USS Alabama is hit by a bomb. Later it is hit by a phosphorus poison gas bomb. Finally it is hit by 2000 pound bombs. The USS Alabama rolls over halfway, in shallow waters.
U.S. President John F. Kennedy's speech on Alabama in Washington DC. The White House. United States President John Kennedy seated at a desk and speaks over a microphone. The President speaks about the discrimination of blacks by whites in the United States. He talks about the University of Alabama not giving admission to two clearly qualified young Alabama residents (James Hood and Vivian Malone) who happened to have been born Negroes. President Kennedy says that the nation is founded on the principle that all men are created equal, and that the rights of every man are diminished when the rights of one man are threatened. The President says that it is possible for the American consumers of any color to receive equal service in places of public accommodation, to register and to vote in a free election without interference or fear of reprisal. President Kennedy talks about respecting Negroes and all Americans and urges people not to discriminate and to uphold civil rights. He says that no city or State or legislative body can prudently choose to ignore them.
Views of The Great Atlantic Hurricane lashing at northeast United States areas (after having already hit the North Carolina Outer Banks), and views of the aftermath and early cleanup following the storm. Regions shown include Atlantic City, Long Island (where it came ashore as a category 3 hurricane on September 15, 1944), New York City suburbs, and parts of New England. High surf flooding boardwalks and coastal cities. Trees bent over and snapped in high winds. People walking with difficulty in the high winds. Streets of towns submerged in water. Coastal docks destroyed and large boats scattered high onto shore areas. Trees, poles, and wires downed over roads and homes. Entire homes moved off of their foundations and placed down the street. The "Great Atlantic Hurricane" was the first example of a named hurricane by the Miami Hurricane Warning Office, which later became the National Hurricane Center. The name was meant to reflect the hurricane's size and intensity.
Dixiecrat democrats of the States' Rights Democratic Party at convention in Birmingham Alabama (after rejecting civil rights in platform of the 1948 Democratic National Convention in Philadelphia Pennsylvania). People in favor of continued racial segregation enter the building of 'State Rights Democrat' along with flag of United States to revolt against the civil rights plank of the Truman-Barkley ticket. William Henry Davis "Alfalfa Bill" Murray, a vocal proponent of racial segregation, is seen and flags behind him include a confederate flag. Dixie Democrats (The States' Rights Democratic Party) hold their own convention. Banners of states of Alabama and Mississippi in convention hall, with representatives who abandoned the democratic convention at Philadelphia. Fielding Lewis Wright, Democratic politician, and Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi, stands among Democrats. Governor James Strom Thurmond of South Carolina speaks and denounces efforts by the federal government and says that the country is on the path of being a totalitarian state. Strom Thurmond gets the State's Rights Party nomination for President of the United States.
Turn of the Century immigrants to the United States pose aboard ship. Some wear fez hats. View of clothing industry workers at sewing machines. Picture of Sidney Hillman and his wife, circa 1910. Older garment worker cutting cloth. Clothing workers punching a time clock. Men operating sewing machines. A cutter marking cloth from a pattern. A man sewing button holes on clothing. Old pictures of earlier garment workers. More modern view of unionized clothing workers at sewing machines. A cutter using a machine to cut multiple layers of fabric. Supervisors discussing a sample of sewn product. numerous views of men and women sewing garments. Flashback to earlier times of workers marching to demand a union contract. Union member distributing literature at a factory gate. Small group of union picketers on sidewalk. Union leader speaking to group of women workers in Southern town. Union organizer with bloodied head, smoking cigarette. Striking Workers (mostly women) standing in group outside employment office of Tuf-Nut Garment Manufacturing Company in Little Rock,Arkansas. The striking women being arrested by policemen. Change of scene to closeup of Alabama State policeman smoking cigar. Civil rights marchers during demonstration in Birmingham Alabama on May 7, 1963 during the "Birmingham Campaign" or "Birmingham Movement". Fire fighters in fire engine pumper truck stops near police on street in town and sets up fire hoses to spray high powered water directly at African American civil rights marchers. Civil Rights marchers soaked by high powered water hoses. One protestor or demonstrator tries to run away from the fire hose and is grabbed by two white police men. A protestor takes cover behind a telephone poll as a firehose is directed toward him. A black man converses with two women on a snowy street. Civil Rights marchers of the negro Southern Christian Leadership Conference carrying signs during a demonstration. People fill the area around the reflecting pool by the Lincoln Memorial during the March on Washington, August 28, 1963. A man and his daughter share time together on a snowy day. Children sledding in the snow. People ice skating on lake in Central Park, New York City. Closing views of early immigrants to the U.S.A.