Opening scene of "Desert Victory" shows vast desert in area of El Alamein Western Egypt, during World War 2. Several British Army officers and men gather around a Humber Mk II armoured car serving as an improvised field command post. A soldier holds an aiming compass. Troops attending to themselves and their equipment, being annoyed by flies. Stripped to the waist in desert daytime heat, soldiers are seen huddled in sleeping bags during cold nights. View of approaching sand storm as it rolls over troop positions. Views of German armored columns moving through the desert. Closeup of passing German Army SdKfz. 7 half-track carrying six soldiers. German army vehicles speeding past the camera. One towing a 10.5 cm leFH 18 light howitzer. A Sd.Kfz.222 armored car. A German Stug III self-propelled assault gun. Closeup of a formation flight of German Ju 87 Stuka dive bombers. Closeup of individual Stuka, in flight, with pilot and gunner visible. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel seen standing in an open car, accompanying his armored forces. He turns to look as they pass a knocked out British tank. Animated map showing El Alamein, where Rommel was headed with his forces. Highlights of the nearby areas of interest. A shepherd and flock in the Nile delta. View from the air of Al Rifa'i Mosque and Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan, in Cairo, Egypt. Panning view of waterfront in Alexandria, Egypt. View of the Suez Canal. Animated map returns to El Alamein. Barbed wire strung along the Mediterranean coast. Hills overlooking the Quattara Depression and closeups of its salt marsh that vehicles cannot cross. British troops moving toward El Alamein in trucks. British General Claude Auchinleck taking personal charge of the 40 mile front. British troops preparing defensive positions, using pickaxes, jackhammers, and shovels. They dig deep trenches and lay protective mines, set up machinegun positions and anti-aircraft batteries. Closeup of a British soldier manning a Vickers medium machinegun. Soldiers laying camouflage netting over defensive position. General Auchinleck standing in a vehicle, looks through binoculars. British gunners begin firing 25 pounder field pieces. German General Rommel, standing in his staff car, directs his officers. German gunners begin returning fire toward the British positions. German Ju 97 Stuka dive bombers attack and British anti-aircraft gunners defend against them. Bombs striking in the sand. A British gunner marks a 10th victory on the barrel of his anti-aircraft gun. In August, British Prime Minister, Sir Winston Churchill, is seen visiting and mingling with troops at the front. Churchill stands with General Sir Harold Alexander the new Commander-in-Chief, Middle East Command and Lieutenant-General Bernard Montgomery, new Commander of the 8th Army. Copy of directive to General Alexander, ordering him to defeat Rommel's forces.
Animation of British convoy leaving Alexandria for Malta. Convoy at sea attacked by Axis planes and forced to return to Alexandria with heavy losses. Animations of Italian convoy bound for Libya attacked by British planes. Bombing by Italian planes at sea. Antiaircraft fire down some aircrafts. Smoke rising. Rest are driven off as the convoy gets through safely.
U.S. President Franklin D Roosevelt and other officials at a conference in Alexandria, Egypt. On February 12th Roosevelt flies to Egypt with an escort of fighter planes and lands at an airport. The President's daughter, Mrs Boettiger (Anna Eleanor Roosevelt Dall Boettiger) steps off the plane, first. Insignia of the United States. President Roosevelt leaves by car for Great Bitter Lake on the Suez canal to board the warship which awaits him. The sailors salute King Farouk of Egypt when he visits Franklin D Roosevelt on the warship. Roosevelt and the King and his officials take lunch on the ship. The flag of the United States. Roosevelt and King Farouk seated. Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia arrives and greets Roosevelt and his daughter. The President and the Emperor sit and talk. Next day another warship arrives. King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia, his sons and entourage. The King is escorted aboard to meet U.S. President and other officials. The sailors salute. Arab chieftains accompanying him seated on the deck. The King's four sons sit with Roosevelt. Colonel William A Eddy a retired Marine officer U.S. minister to Saudi Arabia acts as interpreter. King Ibn Saud of Saudi Arabia returns to his ship and leaves. Roosevelt leaves for Alexandria. At Alexandria British Prime Minister Churchill and his daughter join Roosevelt on the ship for further talk. As he came aboard he is greeted by Admiral William D. Leahy. Mr Harry Hopkins already on ship. Edward Stettinius U.S. Secretary of State gets off and joins them, then ambassador Winant joined they are greeted. Officials pose for a photograph.
A documentary titled 'Suez Canal Seized by Egyptians' in Alexandria, Egypt. A large crowd gathered for the Egyptian President's address in Alexandria. President Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt standing on the stage and speaking into the microphone. Officials seated beside the President on the stage. The President speaks about the seizure of the Suez Canal. View of the audience applauding. The Suez Canal, which is the key water way of world trade, in view. Several shipments in view in the harbor. A vessel approaching the harbor.
A harbor in Alexandria, Egypt is used as a base for operations by Maritime Section during World War II. Greek ship Caique is used by U.S. Lieutenant Colonel Taylor for smuggling arms and food into small Greek islands. Caique ship underway with soldiers and Chief of Maritime Operations Lieutenant Colonel Taylor on board.
A view of damage caused by German air raid in city of Alexandria, Egypt. Wrecked buildings in view. Rubble on the streets. People stand on the streets. Native refugees sit in groups. People move to other parts of the city with their families. They carry their belongings with them. Several men carry their belongings on carts.