Former Italian Prisoners of War who were held in exile in Yugoslavia are liberated on Italian soil. Former Italian prisoners on the ship Gorica as it arrives at the Port of Ancona for their repatriation. Soldiers stand on deck and wave. Former prisoners disembark the ship. The wounded prisoners brought down by fellow prisoners. A man kisses a woman. The prisoners disembark the ship. Crowd gathered at the sea port to welcome them. Having been indoctrinated with Communist ideology, they sing communist songs and carry large portraits of Josip Broz Tito (Marshal Tito), the Yugoslav statesman, as well as small flags with the hammer and sickle communist symbol.
Images and testimony related to the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany in October 1946. Flashbacks of a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during the years of World War II. Reference to testimony of Kenaris and Hans Frank in describing Nazi policies and methods for exterminating Poles and others. Pictures recording the implementation and results of Nazi policies; atrocities and murder of victims in Ouradour Sur Glane in France, in Bande in Belgium, in the Catacombe of San Callisto in Italy and in Czechoslovakia. Nazi forces seen leveling and destroying the town of Lidice in Czechoslovakia in 1942 in retaliation for the assassination of SS Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich. Corpses of the victims of the Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz, in 1945. Bones of humans in crematory ovens. Cramped starved camp victims in barracks. Stacks of luggage and suitcases of victims at a concentration camp, along with locks of hair, stacks of toothbrushes. Shaving cream brushes, shoes, clothing, and finally, piles of bones of camp victims. Testimony of Rudolf Franz Ferdinand Höss (sometimes spelled Höß or Hoess or Hess) describes concentration camps at Auschwitz in Poland. As scenes of victims in hospitals are shown, testimony of Rudolf Hoess is read, describing medical experiments include lowering the body temperature, injecting the body with poisons and infectious diseases and subjecting the body to high altitude pressure chambers. Shows pile of mutilated corpses.The "Arbeit Macht Frei" sign over the camp entrance of Auschwitz. Scenes of dead victims of Nazi brutality in the concentration camps.
Reconstruction problems in Europe in the aftermath of World War II. Examples of prewar Germany's industrial and commercial prowess, showing its consumer products and famous cameras. A German coal-burning power plant and miners extracting coal from Germany's vast natural supplies. Coal being transported by conveyer belt. Open rail cars loaded to capacity with German coal. A German iron and steel plant dependent on coal. Shift to postwar destruction including destroyed: German factory; locomotive; rail yards; trucks; farm machinery; fertilizer plant; farm fields lacking crops. Shift to prewar era with view of British coal cars getting ready to be emptied for export to Europe. Current postwar view of British coal cars and coal, that narrator says are barely enough for her own needs. View of prewar German coke being loaded onto conveyers. Coal miners receiving food ration cards. Animated map showing "Iron Curtain," of Soviet occupation, separating traditional German regions of agriculture from those of industry. British Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin; French Foreign Minister, Georges Bidault; Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov; and U.S. Secretary of State, George Marshall; are seen at the Paris Conference in 1946 where they negotiated the postwar future of Germany. Reminder footage of Hitler with brownshirts in 1930s. Italian police coping with communist inspired unrest in Italy. Bombed out buildings in snow. Europeans literally scratching for bits of food from pavement and trash heaps. Two women fighting with each other. Dejected woman. French Communist party leader, Maurice Thorez, haranguing a large crowd. Party flag with hammer and sickle behind him.
A memorandum expresses Adolf Hitler's desire to invade Czechoslovakia. Munich Pact discussed during the trial of Nazi leaders for war crimes in Nuremberg, Germany in 1946. Footage from 193 8 as Adolf Hitler and other leaders from Britain, Italy and France sign Munich Agreement or Munich Pact that leads to annexation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany. Czech President Emil Hacha arrives to meet the German leaders.
Allied troops obtain beaches in the European Theater during World War II. Animation showing invasion route in Italy. A beachhead in Italy. Allied troops coming up onto a shore. Jeeps, marines and various other equipment on a beach. Temporary bridges erected out to the landing craft. Tanks being driven. A landing craft anchored off shore. Hill position, Salerno beach and Salerno town in Italy. Bombs exploding. Bombs exploding near a U.S. landing craft out in water. The landing craft sinks. U.S. freighters and a landing craft in water. Bombs exploding in water all around the ships. U.S. ships burning off shore. Tanks coming up from a shore. A tank driving through Salerno. Italian civilians and soldiers cheering the entry of American troops. The deck of an LST (Landing ship Tank) showing equipment as it approaches the shore.
Film opens showing devastated snow-covered remains of Peterhof Palace and its fountains, in Leningrad, after the Russians ended the siege of that city in January, 1944 of World War II. The next scenes show crowds gathered on 25 August, 1946, to celebrate the newly restored fountains, which are seen spraying water again. (Narrator notes that Russians now call the place Petrodvorets, meaning Peter's Palace.) An official speaks, at the ceremony, about the architecture of Petrodvorets and its cultural masterpieces still to be restored. Glimpse of statuary and array of fountains. Closeup of several young women holding flowers. Another shot of the fountains spraying along both sides of a central pond, with spectators crowded along the extreme sides near lines of trees.