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Anschluss Austria 1938 stock footage and images

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Remilitarized Germany crosses Rhine in violation of Treaty of Versailles; annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia by Germany.

Scenes from Nuremberg Trials, including footage of prior events being discussed in the trials. Nazi officer reads an announcement to Hilter and Nazi leadership confirming the March 7, 1936 occupation and remilitarization of the Rhineland by the German Army, and the loyalty of the German Army. German Army rally and parade is held in Nuremberg. Soldiers march and goosestep, along with Nazi leadership such as Hermann Goering, while Hitler speaks assuring peaceful intentions by Germany. German officials Goering, Rader, and von Neurath arrive at special meeting with Hitler and Generals von Blomberg and von Fritsch in November 1937 to plan conquer of Czechoslovakia and Austria. Tall meeting chamber doors under armed guard. Scenes from February 1938 Berchtesgaden meeting arranged by von Papen with Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg, Hitler, Keitel, and von Ribbentrop walking on grounds. Car approaches Berghof. Guido Schmidt, former foreign minister of Austria seen at the meeting, and then seen on stand testifying at Nuremberg trials concerning Hitler's decision to annex Austria. Scenes of German troops marching and a night-time rally parade in Austria. View of Schuschnigg on March 9, 1938 at podium during meeting announcing a plebiscite vote on Austrian independence. Views of German newspaper headlines denouncing the plebiscite and demanding Schuschnigg's resignation. Crowd surrounds new Chancellor Arthur von Seyss-Inquart with Nazi salutes following Schuschnigg's resignation. Next is scenes of March 12, 1938 German Anschluss annexation of Austria. Initial German forces seen meeting some resistance by Austrian citizens. Germany army rolling into Austria and dismantling border gates. Hitler memo announces intent to annex Czechoslovakia. Operation Green leader Konrad Henlein seen walking in parade with officials. Scenes of Munich Pact signing ceremony. Czech President Hacha walks with Nazi leaders and enters car for meeting to hear German ultimatum. Map shows lands grabbed by German

Date: 1938
Duration: 8 min 32 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Nazi troops enter Austria (The Anschluss) in 1938

German troops enter Austria. Newspaper headlines about earlier discussions between Hitler and Dr. Schuichnigg, the Chancellor of Austria, who unsuccessfully resisted the Anschluss. A sign reads 'state border 65'. German troops along with artillery advance forward towards the city. They cross a bridge and enter. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler in a car. A flag of the Nazis. Civilians gather at Heldenplatz . Hitler addresses the people. People around the Statue of Archduke Charles of Austria on the Heldenplatz . The civilians listen to him. A close up of Hitler addressing people. The civilians cheer. An unidentified aircraft in flight. Hitler and his party members look up in the sky. The soldiers parade and Hitler reviews the parade.

Date: 1938, March
Duration: 3 min 29 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
The Anschluss (Annexation of Austria by Germany) in 1938. German troops enter Kufstein, Austria.

The Anschluss (Annexation of Austria by Germany) in 1938. Sign reads 'Bundesstaat Oesterreich' (State of Austria). Mounted German troops ride along the platform of railroad station. Sign reads: "Staatsgrenze" (State Border). Mayor of Kufstein greets mounted Commander of German troops as they cross the border between Germany and Austria. View of Kufstein castle. Crowds cheer as German troops proceed through the town.

Date: 1938
Duration: 1 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: German
 
 
Hermann Wilhelm Göring at Heroes Memorial Day ceremonies in 1938, and addressing a crowd in Vienna, Austria.

During period of Anschluss German occupation of Austria prior to World War II. Heldengedenktag or Heroes' memorial day in Berlin, Germany on March 13,1938. View of the Neue Wache (New Guard) World War One memorial on Unter den Linden. A cross , flowers, and a flame burns next to it. A guard stands outside. View of the equestrian statue of Frederick the Great. Camera pans back across the front of the New Guard building showing soldiers in formation on either side. Accompanied by two officers, Hermann Goering in uniform, including steel helmet, walks behind soldiers as they carry a large floral wreath across the square and into the New Guard building. View from inside as they enter and place the wreath. Closeup of the wreath shows a ribbon with words: "Adolf Hitler." Officers salute. War song, "Ich hatt' einen Kameraden," is softly played in the background. Scene shifts to Vienna, Austria, as Goering gives a speech. View of St. Stephen's cathedral and scenes from several days prior, as crowds cheer in Heldenplatz square about the Anschluss . Animated map showing the annexation territory. Slate displaying the slogan: "Ein Volk; Ein Reich; Ein Fuhrer" (One people; one nation; one leader.)

Date: 1938, March
Duration: 1 min 51 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Scenes of Germany during period from 1919 to 1938 showing military resurgence and territorial expansion

Germany's military resurgence from the end of World War I through its reoccupation of the Rhineland in 1936 and union with Austria in 1938. German war materiel piled up in scrap yards and aircraft engines being destroyed in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles after World War 1. Smoke stacks of war plants being toppled, aircraft hangars being destroyed, and warships being scuttled. German postwar armored cars for training. A soldier flexes the rubber gun barrel on one of them. French forces, including Colonials, occupying Coblenz (Koblenz) in accordance with the Treaty of Versailles, after World War I. French soldiers on guard at the railroad station as a train pulls in. French colonial troops tending to their horses. A British soldier standing guard in front of a building displaying a placard with the Union Jack and word:"General Headquarters, British Army of the Rhine, No.1 Building." French troops stationed in front of their headquarters and patrolling fences across railroad tracks at their occupational boundary. A large film slate announcing that the Rheinland is again free, followed by scenes of German troops re-occupying the Rhineland in 1936. Local citizens cheer the troops, who parade through a city and along the banks of the Rhein River. German sentries posted at The "Deutsche Eck" in Koblenz beside the monument of Kaiser Wilhelm I. Sign demarking boundary of Austria. Border guards opening the gates and German troops entering as crowds cheer. Adolf Hitler speaking before a huge crowd,immediately following the Anschluß (union of Germany with Austria) on 12 March 1938.

Date: 1938
Duration: 1 min 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Twentieth Century scenes spanning German annexation of Austria; Italy-Ethiopia conflict; Korean War; and Vietnam War.

Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini standing together in an open car during a motorcade in Munich, in 1938. Civilian spectators render Nazi salutes as they pass. Next, British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, arriving for the Munich treaty conference, steps from a British Airways Lockheed Model 14 passenger plane. An honor guard of helmeted and white-gloved German soldiers stands at attention during his welcome. Adolf Hitler climbs stairs of Berghof together with Chamberlain and Hitler's interpretor, Paul Otto Schmidt, on September 15, 1938 for their conference. Crowds of Germans give Nazi salute and cheer as Hitler and Mussolini appear on a balcony. Prime Minister Chamberlain back from the conference, speaks to the crowd at Heston Aerodrome on 30 September 1938, saying, among other thing, "We regard the agreement signed last night, and the Anglo-German naval agreement as symbolic of the desires of our two peoples never to go to war with one another again." Damaged buildings and ruins of city. Mussolini giving an impassioned speech. Italian cavalry carrying out a charge in Ethiopia. Italian troops employing machine guns in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War circa 1936. Italian infantry charging across sand dunes. Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie at the League of Nations podium. Nazi Swastika eagle statue. A formation of German troops, during the Anschluss (German annexation of Austria,in 1938). Hitler at a podium. People rendering Nazi salute in annexed city. At this point, the film transitions to 1950 as North Korean troops cross the 39th parallel and start the Korean War. A nighttime artillery barrage. North Korean troops firing a Browning M1917 machine gun and rifles. The feet of American soldiers are jumping out of foxholes as U.S.M26 Pershing tanks fire their guns from tilted positions below hills. A Pershing tank crosses a bridge back into South Korea, where a sign reads:"You are now crossing the 38th parallel, Co.B 728 MP." Scene shifts again, to President Lyndon B. Johnson delivers speech about Vietnam at a news conference on July 28, 1965, in which he states,among other things, "Three times in my lifetime...Americans have gone to far lands to fight for freedom..." as he explains U.S. involvement in Vietnam and the Vietnam War.

Date: 1938
Duration: 3 min 4 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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