Allied campaign in Italy during World War 2. Supreme Commander of the Allied forces General Dwight D. Eisenhower emerges from War Room tent, with General Mark Clark, on the central front in Italy. An officer briefs the General. A map of Italy depicts the location of Cassino and Rome. The map depicts the course of the Rapido River and the Allied strategy to drive away the Germans from the area. Allied soldiers fight in the streets and at "Hangmans Hill". British soldiers in combat. British medics try to assist a wounded comrade. Damaged buildings and wounded soldiers. A map of Italy depicts Allied landings at Anzio. An LST ( Landing Ship Tank) beached at Anzio as American and British troops unload. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and General Field Marshal Albert Kesselring of Germany. Allied equipment advances in Anzio. German soldier divisions are seen advancing on roads to attack the new Allied threat to their flank. German Luftwaffe fighters seen overhead as they bomb an Allied convoy in a harbor in Anzio. Aerial closeup of German Junkers JU 87 dive bomber aircraft as it dives toward Allied ships. On ship view of Allied navy guns on ships opening fire on attacking Nazi German airplanes. View from beach of may explosions at and near Allied ships in harbor. Aerial view of formation of German aircraft diving toward battle. Closeup view of British antiaircraft gun operator as he sights cross hairs and presses foot control to open fire on German aircraft. Buildings and military vehicles near Allies on beach blown up and on fire during air raid. A DUKW ( amphibious truck ) burns in a street. Allied soldiers fight against the Germans, holding the beach. The Allies lay down an artillery barrage. Dead and injured soldiers of the Allied Army. Ship packed with injured U.S. Army soldiers on the deck moves toward a hospital ship anchored off shore. Allied prisoner soldiers (most American POWs) taken prisoner by the Germans are marched on a street under German guard. In Cassino, Germans continue to hold Benedictine Monastery atop hill in Cassino. Aerial view of American B-27 bomber aircraft as Allied air raid drops bombs on and near the Abbey to drive out the Germans. Bombs impact and billows of smoke rise up. Nearly 543 Allied aircraft bombard the city of Cassino one month later to attack the remaining Nazis. Allied forces prepare for an all out assault. Supply convoys seen moving on roads toward front. British and Polish troops marching toward front. Additional American forces marching. French Expeditionary Corps soldiers taking up positions. Equipment arrives and soldiers being regrouped for the assault. The assault is launched and Allied artillery fire seen lighting up the sky at night with brilliant flashes and explosions on May 11, 1944. Allied commander Field Marshal Harold Alexander looks on as Allied forces push forward on the morning of May 12.
German military preparations to fortify the Italian coast near Anzio and Nettuno, during World War 2. Thousands of German heavy artillery shells stacked in an ammunition dump in Italy during World War 2. German soldiers form line and pass shells and other ammunition to each other for loading into trucks. View from German Coastal shore guns overlooking the Anzio-Nettuno areas in Italy, before the Allied amphibious attack of January 22, 1944. German soldiers attend to their guns. German soldiers preparing more gun positions on side of a mountain. A German tank being covered with foliage, on a mountainside.
A film titled 'Soft Tissue Wounds' shows U.S. soldiers being hit by shell fragments and their recovery after surgery in Naples during World War II. Bombs stacked on a field. U.S. sailors work around. A battleship's gun firing salvo. Fragments are removed by surgery from battle casualties. Reports of four cases handled in the Italian campaign of January 1944. The first case shows a soldier hit by a shell fragment. U.S. troops carry the soldier hit by the shell fragment in Italy. A truck moves ahead on a road. Wounded being carried into an evacuation hospital tent. A wound just below the buttock of a soldier. Primary infusion is given to the patient. The bleeding is controlled. The wound is dusted. Dressing completes an operation. The healing of the wound after a few weeks of the operation. The patient walks after healing. A U.S. soldier shows a scar under scapula. A U.S. LST (Landing Ship Tank) fires towards Anzio Harbor. [Note: script refers to British Hospital Carrier Leinster (#37) although footage appears to be of (British) Hospital Ship St. David (#27), later sunk by the Germans at Anzio in January, 1944]. A wounded soldier is carried on a stretcher aboard the hospital ship. Surgery is performed on the wounded soldier. The soldier on a bed after the operation. A ship underway at sea. A Red Cross ambulance and a truck transport the wounded soldiers to a hospital in Naples. The wound after one week of injury. The wound margins are refreshed. The wound edges are stitched. Removal of stitches after eight days. The soldier smokes a cigarette after recovering.
' A Fifth Army report from beachhead' about United States amphibious ladings in Anzio, Italy during World War II. A U.S. convoy in Naples Harbor. U.S. 5th Army supply trucks and equipment leave for Anzio. Soldiers loaded in trucks. An invasion fleet in the harbor. Equipment and troops being loaded onto vessels. LSTs ( Landing Ship Tanks) underway for Anzio. Barrage balloons in flight over the convoy. Troops and equipment aboard a ship. Soldiers aboard the vessels. A captain checks a navigational compass. Officers look at a map. A soldier carries a dog. Naval guns being fired at German airplanes during an air raid. Bombs explode in water. U.S. 5th Army equipment being unloaded from the vessels at a beach in Anzio.
Liberation of Rome, Italy from German forces by Allied troops. Opening scenes are of German occupation of Rome earlier in the war during winter campaign, and German forces marching British and American captured allied forces through the streets of Rome. Coliseum seen in background as Allied forces are marched by German armed guards. Buildings along the sides of the street. Rubbled buildings and wrecked equipment in the city. German Field Marshall Albert Kesselring looking through field glasses at battlefield. Smoke arises due to firing and bombardment from the Allied and the German army. Heavy artillery is fired including German 280mm cannon. After Germans retreat, the U.S. forces of the 5th Army enter Rome in triumph. U.S. Army General Mark Clark enters with other officers and soldiers in the city. Civilians cheering and applauding. U.S. troops and tanks passing through the city. Bells of Saint Peters basilica ringing. A large crowd gathers near the basilica. Pope Pius XII addressing the crowd. Prince Umberto II of Italy arrives in front of the crowd. Crowd cheering and applauding. American soldiers queue to enjoy real beer served from wooden barrels, made from supplies shipped from the United States. Smiling soldiers fill metal cups with beer. Wrecked railroad marshalling yards in Civitavecchia Italy are seen, as U.S. Army soldiers inspect an abandoned large German Krupp K5 rail gun (Krupp 28-cm-Kanone 5 (E). The gun shown here is either "Robert" or "Leopold" as termed by the Germans, also known by Allied names "Anzio Annie" or "Anzio Express".
Landing operations in Anzio, Italy during World War II. Allied ships underway at sea off the coast of Anzio. Troops and vehicles aboard a ship. A two and a half ton amphibious truck heads for a beach. An Allied ship in the background. Landing crafts loaded with troops pull away from ships towards the beach. Different types of landing crafts in the Anzio harbor. A barrage balloon in flight. An LSM ( Landing Ship Mechanized) lands on the beach after a bomb hit and smoke rises from it.