Statue of the Roman poet, Horace, who wrote of the scarcity of water in Apulia. Villagers drawing water from a communal well. A woman waters crop from a bucket. Villagers gather as officials open tap of new water supply provided with help from America. The supply comes from a 700 mile aquaduct that brings water across the Appenine mountains from other side of Italy. Scenes of Apulia inundated by flood waters during two months of rainy season. Men at work building dikes to control flooding.
Views of unusable salt marshes in Apulia, Italy. All able bodied men of the region band together in valiant effort to drain and reclaim salt march land for cultivation. They commence the effort in a procession led by local Priest to invoke God's blessing on the endeavor. Church bell rings in the village. They succeed with their hand tools, and cultivate the reclaimed land. But heavy rains destroy their efforts and the salt marshes return. Now, they try again, with aid of heavy equipment: tractors, and bulldozers, that can do more than simple hand tools.
Women and girls sit and work at numerous tables where they crack nuts and shell almonds for meager wages. They sing sad songs as they work. A group of men with farm tools pass by a hill side. An accordion player leads the group. They are itinerant farm laborers of the region.
Motorists being processed at a German border crossing. The Border guard examines items being carried across the border. the operator of a travel trailer presents documents. Views of trains stopping at borders, including famous trans-European trains such as the Edelweiss and the Nord Express between Paris and Copenhagen. Trans-European train crossing border where Swedish flag is displayed. Sign on a train listing stops including Stockholm, Copenhagen, Basel and Rome. Electric train passing through border. Railroad construction underway through the center of Brussels, Belgium. A large new train station being completed in the heart of Rome, Italy. A locomotive under construction in Switzerland. Rubber train wheels being used by the Swiss. A ship displaying Swedish flag loads cargo at Rotterdam. Panning views of the Rotterdam port, in the Netherlands. A 4-masted sailing ship docked at a pier in the port. The port's modern warehouses. Men step out on rotating platform high in warehouse building. cranes loading cargo for ships.
Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini standing together in an open car during a motorcade in Munich, in 1938. Civilian spectators render Nazi salutes as they pass. Next, British Prime Minister, Neville Chamberlain, arriving for the Munich treaty conference, steps from a British Airways Lockheed Model 14 passenger plane. An honor guard of helmeted and white-gloved German soldiers stands at attention during his welcome. Adolf Hitler climbs stairs of Berghof together with Chamberlain and Hitler's interpretor, Paul Otto Schmidt, on September 15, 1938 for their conference. Crowds of Germans give Nazi salute and cheer as Hitler and Mussolini appear on a balcony. Prime Minister Chamberlain back from the conference, speaks to the crowd at Heston Aerodrome on 30 September 1938, saying, among other thing, "We regard the agreement signed last night, and the Anglo-German naval agreement as symbolic of the desires of our two peoples never to go to war with one another again." Damaged buildings and ruins of city. Mussolini giving an impassioned speech. Italian cavalry carrying out a charge in Ethiopia. Italian troops employing machine guns in the Second Italo-Ethiopian War circa 1936. Italian infantry charging across sand dunes. Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie at the League of Nations podium. Nazi Swastika eagle statue. A formation of German troops, during the Anschluss (German annexation of Austria,in 1938). Hitler at a podium. People rendering Nazi salute in annexed city.
At this point, the film transitions to 1950 as North Korean troops cross the 39th parallel and start the Korean War. A nighttime artillery barrage. North Korean troops firing a Browning M1917 machine gun and rifles. The feet of American soldiers are jumping out of foxholes as U.S.M26 Pershing tanks fire their guns from tilted positions below hills. A Pershing tank crosses a bridge back into South Korea, where a sign reads:"You are now crossing the 38th parallel, Co.B 728 MP."
Scene shifts again, to President Lyndon B. Johnson delivers speech about Vietnam at a news conference on July 28, 1965, in which he states,among other things, "Three times in my lifetime...Americans have gone to far lands to fight for freedom..." as he explains U.S. involvement in Vietnam and the Vietnam War.
Transworld Airways Lockheed Constellation airliner arriving from New York City and Shannon,Ireland. It taxis to parking ramp at Orly Airport, Paris, France. Closeup of another airliner shutting down on the ramp. Passengers walk across the ramp and under the tail of an Air France plane, on their way to the terminal building. They are greeted by a band of men in red huntsmen uniforms playing hunting horns. A railroad train in a picturesque setting. Patrons relaxing on a cafe terrace, at an Italian train station, as an electrified train pulls in. An excursion boat draws near to Chillon Castle On Lake Geneva Switzerland. More views of the castle, from its footpath. Ancient Greek ruins near the Mediterranean Sea. Saint Mark’s Basilica on St. Mark’s Square in the city of Venice, Italy. Many visitors walking in the square, and a flock of pigeons taking flight. The Palace of Versailles, viewed from behind statues in the garden. Chartes Cathedral, Chartres, France. St Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy. Views of Copenhagen, Denmark, including the Little Mermaid statue. A man rowing a boat on a lake in the Alps Mountains. Snow-covered mountains. Trains running in the mountains. Border guards of Italy and Switzerland on their respective sides of their mutual border at a train station. A train transiting the border. A volkswagen car and other vehicles being processed at a German border crossing.