Events leading to development of aviation. An aircraft in flight over the Arctic region. Commander R. Bryd and Floyd Bennett after their successful flight to the north pole. American aviator Charles Lindbergh poses against an aircraft.
Byrd arctic expedition to fly an airplane over the North Pole, in 1926. Animated map illustrates the planned Northward course of Lieutenant Commander Richard Byrd and pilot Floyd Bennett, headed to the North Pole, in their Fokker tri-motor airplane. The starting point is Kings Bay, Spitsbergen, Norway, where they took off on May 9, 1926. A slate states that, "Byrd circles the Pole, checking observations and photographing." Scene shifts to images being recorded by Byrd from inside their Fokker F-VII Tri-motor airplane, the "Josephine Ford." One shows the big "F" in the name "Fokker" on underside of the right wing. From there, the camera pans back over the frozen wasteland below, with parts of the aircraft also seen. Another shot shows the aircraft tail (empennage) with mountains in background amidst snow-filled valleys while the airplane is in a gentle right-hand turn. Underside of engine is seen with arctic scenery, passing below.
Assistant Secretary of Commerce Claude Huston visits the Arctic region to study Arctic fisheries and fur seals. A group of local Arctic people jumps on a high jump trampoline. Young children surround the trampoline. Claude Huston jumps on the high jump trampoline. Claude Huston hands over a box to a woman in winter clothing.
Lieutenant Commander Richard Byrd's 1926 arctic expedition to fly an airplane over the North Pole. The expedition's F-VII Tri-motor airplane, the "Josephine Ford," is seen parked on the snow at Spitsbergen, Norway. Men work to level a surface in the snow to permit takeoff. Snow and ice covered mountains in the background. The aircraft with engines running. It begins a takeoff roll, but strikes a snowbank and breaks one of its skis. Men gather near the airplane. They shovel snow from the airplane.
The 1926 Byrd expedition to fly over the North Pole. The expedition's ski-equipped Curtiss Oriole (Curtiss Model 17) airplane is seen parked in front of their Fokker F-VII Tri-motor airplane, the "Josephine Ford," on the snow at Spitsbergen, Norway. Engines start on both aircraft. The Oriole takes off with its photographer waving to the camera as they depart. They gather speed on a downhill slope and break ground to proceed over open water in Kings bay. Next, the Fokker (piloted by Floyd Bennett and navigated by LCDR Richard Byrd) is seen high above on its flight towards the North Pole. Views of dramatic Ice formations as seen from a boat in waters nearby. Aerial views of arctic terrain.
The 1936 Byrd expedition to fly an airplane over the North Pole. Lacking a place to dock, at Kings Bay, Spitsbergen, Norway, expedition members lash lifeboats together for a raft to float their Fokker F-VII Tri-motor airplane, the "Josephine Ford," from their ship, the SS Chantier, to the shore. Snow is falling as they complete the lashing and begin fastening planks across the lifeboats to complete the raft. Using poles and oars, they maneuver the raft close to the Chantier. Then, using her cranes, they lower the airplane's fuselage onto the raft followed by its wing, that they place atop it. They fasten the load with lines and propel the raft and plane through the ice floes, using poles and oars. Writing on the airplane reads: "Fokker, Josephine Ford, Byrd Arctic Expedition." Closeup of two oarsmen rowing and another pushing ice floes away from the raft. View from under the airplane wing, of the SS Chantier with ice floes piled up beside her. Five men in a dingy, trying to clear a path for the raft, and others, on the raft doing the same. View from the Chantier, of the raft and men struggling to make their way to the shore. The Norwegian gunboat and dock in the background.