Famous World War 1 aviators from various countries. Several aviators stand on airfield in Belgium. Aviators of World War I are decorated, seen in footage from several different ceremonies. Includes French aviators Georges Guynemer and Charles Nungesser, German pilot Manfred Richthofen (the Red Baron), and Canadian aviator Billy Bishop in ceremonies. A plane on the airfield. King Albert of Belgium is taken for a flight over Germany. Planes in flight. View of aviator Lt. Quentin Roosevelt, son of President Theodore Roosevelt, smiling beside a barracks building. View of soldiers gathered at Quentin Roosevelt's grave with primitive cross marker dated July 14, 1918.
Canadian troops in West Flanders, Belgium near Ypres and Albert during World War 1. An animated map shows the region and the Somme River. Canadian troops hunkered down in grass and shrubs on a hill overlooking flat terrain. Shells exploding on horizon in background. A large contingent of Canadian troops marching downhill with left-shouldered arms. Senior officers walk out of a courtyard gate. Next, General Sir Sam Hughes, Canadian Minister of Militia and Defence, is seen shaking hands with several officers. Scene shifts, after he greets only two, and shows Canadian troops marching in platoons along a dusty road. Next, Canadian soldiers are seen moving supplies by horse-drawn wagons along a tree-lined road leading into a town. Final scenes show the war-damaged Albert Basilica. The camera pans upward, along its tower, to the Golden Virgin statue at its top, which is leaning precariously to one side, almost falling off its base. (The statue became the subject of British superstition that the war would end when the statue fell. But British artillery, itself, knocked it down while targeting the tower to prevent its use by the Germans as an observation post, during the 1918 Spring offensive)
Map showing Germany and nearby regions after conclusion of World War I. Writing indicates areas on map including Battle Line at End of Hostilities, Line to Which Germans Must Retreat, and Neutral Zone (between the two areas). Slate indicates that German Kaiser Wilhelm II had just abdicated (28 November, 1918) and shows footage of Kaiser Wilhelm II on horseback at a formal event. Next scene shows a massive human formation of soldiers in the shape of the Liberty Bell known as "The Human Liberty Bell", formed by 25,000 officers and men at Camp Dix, New Jersey to celebrate the armistice in World War 1 and the abdication of German Kaiser Wilhelm II. Camera pans upward to show the human bell from base to top. Next scenes show key Allied military leaders in World War I: British General Haig reviewing troops; France General Philippe Petain emerging from a building; Group of French soldiers marching; Italian General Diaz together with French officers reviewing troops; and King Albert of Belgium exiting a building outside Paris during World War 1 and entering a waiting horse-drawn carriage. View of United States President Woodrow Wilson reading newspaper and seated in a chair. (World War I; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Funeral procession in a city square in Belgium during World War 1, circa 1918. Several horse drawn carriages with caskets pass by. Each coffin is separately escorted by Belgian soldiers in World War I uniforms and civilian men and women carrying flowers and wreaths. Belgian people gather to see parade on both sides of street.
Troops of the 82nd Reconnaissance Battalion, U.S. 2nd Armored Division, pass in review before their Commanding General, Brigadier General Isaac White, who stands on a stage with Belgian officials, in the town of Hasselt, Belgium during World War 2. The troops are led by the 66th Armored Regiment military band. A contingent of the marchers carries numerous American flags. Civilian spectators line the sidewalks, and Belgian officials in formal dress with medals, watch the parade which ends at a World War I memorial monument in the square. General White carries wreath of flowers and places them at the foot of the memorial, which is inscribed: "1914 - 1918." The U.S. troops parade from the scene. Group of children applaud. Camera focuses on young woman, in crowd, smiling and applauding. View of flag bearing inscription: "Hasselt Liberators."
German cavalry on horseback entering Belgium and Berman infantry marching in France, at the start of World War 1 (1914). The famed Taxicab army is seen carrying French soldiers in Paris. General Ferdinand Foch reviewing elements of the French 9th Army. French and British troops firing a British BL 8-inch howitzer. French troops rushing across no-man's land of trenches and barbed wire, as shells burst. German soldiers taken prisoners in trench. General Foch shaking hands with U.S. General Pershing, aboard a U.S. warship. Sketch of signing of the armistice, November 1, 1918 on a railway carriage at Compiegne. Monument to Marshal Foch. Monument to Minister of War, Andre Maginot. concrete being poured. French construction of the Maginot Line. Animated illustrated cross-section of the line.View of troops moving on rail cars in the Maginot line. Glimpse of Maginot line guns on surface. At outbreak of World War 2, French troops deploy to the Maginot line. French troops inside bunkers and tunnels of Maginot Line. Marshal Petain reviewing the troops as they deploy. Muzzle of a Maginot line gun. Hitler with Military Chiefs planning. View of French Foreign Minsister, Aristide Briand,during signing of the 1928 Kellogg-Briand antiwar pact in Paris.Frank R. Kellogg, U.S. Secretary of State at the table to Briand's left. His signature on the document. A field full of French Bloch MB.150 airplanes. French airman poses with Potez 58 airplane. French AMC 34 tanks. Crowd milling about at Renault Building and unrest elswhere in Paris, France. Newspapers chronicle failure of the League of Nations. Movie cartoon about weakening of France by Nazi inspired social strife and sabotage. French Army troops in mess hall eat at long tables and pour wine with meal. Idle French troops across the Rhine River targeted by German propaganda and psychological warfare including banners; messages by balloons;German bands playing French tunes; large loudspeakers broadcasting in French.