Representatives of three nations, seated around table at Potsdam Conference held at Cecilienhof in Potsdam, Germany. British prime minister, Clement Attlee; President of United States, Harry Truman; and representative of Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin at the Potsdam Conference, July 1945. They deliver an ultimatum of unconditional surrender to Japan. Swarms of B-29 bombers and Aircraft Carrier Task Forces destroy Japanese homeland. Planes on carrier decks.Navy Grumman carrier-based TBF aircraft dropping bombs.. Destruction of ships at sea. Mushroom cloud due to atomic bombing. Chart depicts the power of one atomic bomb. Britain's 'grand slam' bomb, most destructive conventional bomb ever produced. Doctor Ernest Orlando Lawrence, inventor of the cyclotron (atom smashing machine). A man works at the Cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. General Leslie Groves, head of the project speaks. He is seated with Dr Vannevar Bush, government director of science and research, and Dr Richard Tolman, technical expert. Quantities of uranium shipped from Alberta, Canada are used in bombs. The atomic bomb process (Manhattan Project) is developed in widely separated areas; scenes from Hanford Project plant in Richmond, Washington. Project personnel exit cars and enter into the search area. Lieutenant colonel Franklin T Matthias with the army corps of engineers, appointed to the Hanford Project. Sign of 'Oak Ridge' in Tennessee. Largest of the three atomic bomb plants located near the TVA dam. Employed personnel in atomic bomb plants. Man and woman employees at the plan read a Knoxville Journal newspaper in August 1945 with headline "Power of Oak Ridge Atomic Bomb hits Japs". View of dense prefabricated home communities to house large number of Oak Ridge plant workers. View of families setting up their houses in trailer towns after the prefabricated homes were full. People come out from the Henebry's Jewelers and super market. Joseph Stalin at conference. Russian artillery and troops in a parade at Red Square in Moscow, Russia (these parade scenes are from the May 1, 1945 May Day parade, just days before Germany's surrender). President Harry Truman reports on the latest developments regarding the war with Japan. He states that the United States is prepared to destroy every productive enterprise in Japan and the U.S. shall completely destroy its power to make war. He warns of an attack by the U.S. due to the rejection of the July 26th ultimatum at Potsdam. He warns that Japan "should expect a rain of ruin from the air; the like of which has never been seen on this earth." Truman notes that it will be followed by an unprecedented sea and land invasion of Japan.
Clouds move in the sky. A college student lies in the grass with his hands behind his head, then joins two fellow students of differing nationalities as they enter the main gate of a college. Exteriors of the college building. A young engineer draws designs. Young woman draws a sketch. A youngster examines corn and makes notes. A man reads a medicine book. International Houses in New York, Chicago and Berkeley, California. Individuals arrive at International House Berkeley buildings. Interiors of the building. Student named Carlos walks up the steps. He is greeted by a staff person who escorts him inside. In the lobby, Alan Blaisdell, Executive Director of Berkeley's International House, meets him and escorts him upstairs.
Atomic bomb production and its use in the United States. Doctor Ernest O. Lawrence experiments with the cyclotron at the University of California, Berkeley. View of the exterior and interior of the cyclotron. An animated diagram shows the results of the splitting of the uranium atom. Diagram shows a nucleus, electrons and protons. Atomic structures of Helium, Lithium and Uranium. A diagram of the creation of barium and krypton, and the release of atomic energy. Aerial and ground views of Y-12 atomic energy testing, uranium enrichment, and manufacturing plant at Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Workers walking on the grounds of the the plant. The Trinity Shot first atomic explosion is shown near Los Alamos, New Mexico on July 16, 1945. Flash of explosion and a cloud of smoke rises as seen from U.S. Army cameras 6 miles away. Two other views of the explosion are seen from other camera positions while narrator explains the effects. U.S. President Harry S. Truman speaks of the need to keep the secrets of the atomic bomb among the U.S., the U.K, and Canada, alone, until they find successful techniques to control the bomb and protect the world from total destruction. He indicates that he will work the the U.S. Congress in the effort and make the power a force for world peace. Truman asks that God guide the U.S. in how to use the technology in His ways and for His purposes.
A Football Match between California and U.C.L.A. (University of California, Los Angeles) Teams at Berkeley in California. A huge crowd gathers in the spectator area to watch the match. The California Golden Bears wins the match. California Golden Bears scores 20 against a score of 7 of U.C.L.A. team.
Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz is met by General of the Army, Douglas MacArthur, as he arrives by airplane in Manila, Philippines. Japanese diplomats and military officers board the U.S. Battleship, Missouri, to sign surrender documents. Admiral Nimitz is one of the signatories. Nimitz is given a hero's welcome, in Washington, DC, replete with a military parade. He addresses a joint session of the U.S. Congress. Admiral Richard Byrd briefs Admiral Nimitz (now Chief of Naval Operations) about the 1947 expedition to Antarctica. Admiral Nimitz receiving an honorary degree from Columbia University, in New York. (Others present during this event include General Dwight Eisenhower and General George Marshall.) Nimitz, appointed as UN Plebiscite Administrator for Kashmir. He is visited by members of the Japanese Diet and signs autographs for them. Nimitz standing with President Truman, who appoints him to a special commission on internal security.
Retired Admiral Nimitz at home in his garden at Berkeley Hills, California. Weather vane at his house contains 5 stars and replica of a submarine.
A football match between the California Golden Bears and the University of Southern California Trojans in Berkeley, California. People gather in a stadium to watch the match. The match in progress. People cheering for the teams. The California Golden Bears win the match 21-7.