Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
View of Ellis Loring Dresel, United States commissioner to Germany and chargé d'affaires for the United States in Germany, seen standing beside a building in Berlin. Men gather for the signing of the United States peace treaty with Germany in Berlin, almost three years after the World War I armistice was signed. Mr. Dresel and two other diplomats enter a 1920's car parked on the street, as a small crowd stands by. The Treaty document is shown for the camera, bearing the signature of Ellis Loring Dresel.
Events of Nazi crimes are related during the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany. Chief prosecutor from the United States, Robert Houghwout Jackson, makes the opening statement of the prosecution. He presents Count 1 of the indictment a conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against peace and humanity. Defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goring, Rudolf Hess (or Heß), Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. View of the Adolf Hitler's autobiography, "Mein Kampf". Nazi flag flutters in Munich, Germany. Scenes of panic, riots, and political and economic unrest in the streets of post World War I Munich, Germany, during the 1920's and 1930's as Adolf Hitler and his associates rose to power. Large crowd gathered on the streets on the eve of Nazi party rally. A younger Adolf Hitler and aides pose at the stairs of a building. Adolf Hitler reviews his Brownshirt Sturmabteilung SA troops and addresses the party. Joseph Goebbels shown in an office seated at a desk and talking on phone, and then speaking at an early Nazi rally. View of headlines of German Newspapers. Scenes of street riots and efforts by the Nazis aimed to gain the highest degree of control over the Germans by any means. Burning of books by Nazi leaders in a large bonfire. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin.
German army and Freicorps setting up positions as they establish themselves in Berlin during the Kapp Putsch of 1920. Civilians watch as the soldiers go about their activities, setting up machine guns and the like. A line of military trucks, displaying the Empire war flag. Crowd of civilians held back by barrier across the road.
Troops bivouacked near a building, with machine guns on the sidewalk in foreground and a field kitchen in background. The Reichskriegsflagge (Empire War Flag) displayed on the building. German soldiers prepare to operate armored cars. Turret turning on an Austin Armored Car Model 1914, rearmed with German Maxim Machine Guns. Several armored cars depart on patrol. They all display skull and cross bones. Soldiers distribute flyers announcing the monarchistischen Putsch (Monarchist coup). Soldiers eating food from their field kitchen. One displays the words kampfwagen and a skull and cross bones on his sleeve. Soldiers pose atop a wheeled heavy machine gun. View of crowds as seen from a moving vehicle. The Imperial war flag carried in the crowd.
Footage during the Kapp Putsch, or Kapp-Lüttwitz Putsch of March 1920. German Monarchists relax and eat in the streets of Berlin, Germany. German soldiers raise a Reichskriegsflagge flag of the German empire. People walk on street in front of downtown Berlin government buildings. People gather in front of building with sign "Kaiserhof". German soldiers sleep on ground with flag in the background.
German right wing, conservatives, and monarchists during the Kapp Putsch or Kapp-Lüttwitz Putsch aimed at overthrowing the German Weimar Republic in 1920. Marchers gather and parade outside buildings in Berlin, Germany. They parade and demonstrate holding the Reichskriegsflagge flag with the German coat of arms. Members of the Marinebrigade Ehrhardt, with rudimentary swastika symbols on their helmets are seen handing out flyers to the crowd (The NSDAP Nazi Party was influenced to adopt the swastika in part by the use seen here). German troops relaxing. German coup co-leader Walther von Lüttwitz walks on street, followed by others, one of whom in the front left closest to the buildings appears to be Wolfgang Kapp. Luttwitz inspects German soldiers.