Nazi rise to power, rearmament and remilitarization of Germany leading up to World War 2, and actions related the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin. Joseph Goebbels at desk during the Nuremberg Trials. Hans Bernd Gisevius, former official of the Berlin police administration, testifies concerning his investigation of the Reichstag fire. Hans Gisevius relates how Goebbels recruited reliable Nazis to intentionally burn down the Reichstag as a propaganda stunt to help the Nazi movement. Nuremberg War Trial defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Close up of Herman Goring. Footage showing firefighters spraying water on smoking ruins of Reichstag following Reichstag fire in 1933. A German police officer stands guard at the smoking ruins of the Reichstag. View from a high ridge of League of Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, and then inside the League of Nations meeting chamber during the disarmament conference of 1933. View of a Nazi submarine launching in 1934. Steel mill operations and Industrial war materiel operations in Germany in the early 1930's as Germany rearmed and restarted war production. A Nazi party meeting in Germany where General Werner von Blomberg announces compulsory military service. View of legal document describing new military service law. View of conscripted civilian German men with suitcases marching forward report for mandatory military training. Nazi forces in training march goosestep at training camp; Junkers 52 aircraft in background. Soldiers goosestep while walking bicycles in a line. Nazi troops trained. Scenes of remilitarization of Rhineland, violating terms of the Treaty of Versailles, as Nazi troops in 1936 march over the Hohenzollern Bridge crossing the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral rising in the background.
Scenes from life of German Field Marshal Paul Von Hindenburg in Germany. Berliner Dom or Berlin Cathedral in the background as a huge crowd is in the streets and nearby grounds. Paul Von Hindenburg and Adolf Hitler ride in an open top car together through the streets of Berlin during the May Day rally in the Berlin Lustgarten. The day had been declared a day of national labor by the Nazi regime. Crowd of officers and civilians give Nazi salute on either side of the street. Von Hindenburg walks through crowd to podium and speaks to assembled crowd.
Adolf Hitler's first speech as Germany's Chancellor, given at the Sports Palace (Sportspalast) in Berlin, Germany. A large banner is hung across the hall behind the speaker's stand, reading: "Mecht Deutschland vom Marxismus Frei" (Make Germany free from Marxism). Hitler, in khaki uniform, makes his way to the podium through cadre of uniformed Stormtroopers who act as an honor guard. A crowd applauds and many give the Nazi salute to Hitler as he speaks.
Election Day on March 5th, 1933 in Berlin, Germany. Germany's President, Paul von Hindenburg, comes out of election booth. Other names are called out as they vote, including Vice Chancellor Franz von Papen who is seen coming out of the voting booth and chatting with others.
Rolf Engel led a 1933 study group on special problems of liquid fueled rocket engines. Engel and members of the study group are seen at work. Beginning of a standardization and classification for the rocket problems. A diagram showing characteristics of rocket engines with standard nomenclature. A man with standardized rocket engine testing equipment. View of the standardized 6-copy multiple professional device for recording rocket engine performance. The work of Rudolf Nebel on the Rocket field of Berlin-Reinickendorf was continued under the leadership of Fritz Beck of the testing department of the German air guard (LSS) in 1933. But it was canceled in the spring of 1934 when the LSS took over direction of the German Air Sports Association. Letters to the Association noting that lessons of World War One point out the value of the Associations technical capabilities to National defense. They also mention matters of particular interest to the German Air Guard, such as rockets and Rocket torpedoes. An organizational chart showing various components under the Experimental Department of the German Air Guard.
During the trial of Nazi leaders for war crimes at Nuremberg, Germany Hans Gesevius, former official of Berlin Police department testifies regarding his investigation of Reichstag fire. Scenes immediately following burning of Reichstag building -- destroyed as a result of fire. Firemen direct water hoses on smoldering Reichstag ruins. 1933 meeting where German representatives leave the League of Nations and Germany thereafter begins remilitarization and war production of armaments contrary to Treaty of Versailles. General Werner Edward Fritz Von Blomberg announces universal military conscription. Drafted German men receive military training and goosestep on a training field with a Junkers 52 airplane in background. They goosestep while walking bicycles. German troops march to invade Rhineland. Nazi soldiers seen crossing Hohenzollern Bridge over the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral in the background. Nazi official announces March 7, 1936 invasion of Rhineland at a Nazi party gathering with Hitler present. Nazi German troops march at a parade in Nuremberg, Germany. Nazi military officers observe the parade and Adolf Hitler gives a Nazi salute to the German forces.