Nazi rise to power, rearmament and remilitarization of Germany leading up to World War 2, and actions related the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany, following World War II. Exterior view of the Reichstag in Berlin. Joseph Goebbels at desk during the Nuremberg Trials. Hans Bernd Gisevius, former official of the Berlin police administration, testifies concerning his investigation of the Reichstag fire. Hans Gisevius relates how Goebbels recruited reliable Nazis to intentionally burn down the Reichstag as a propaganda stunt to help the Nazi movement. Nuremberg War Trial defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goering, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Close up of Herman Goring. Footage showing firefighters spraying water on smoking ruins of Reichstag following Reichstag fire in 1933. A German police officer stands guard at the smoking ruins of the Reichstag. View from a high ridge of League of Nations Palace of Nations in Geneva, and then inside the League of Nations meeting chamber during the disarmament conference of 1933. View of a Nazi submarine launching in 1934. Steel mill operations and Industrial war materiel operations in Germany in the early 1930's as Germany rearmed and restarted war production. A Nazi party meeting in Germany where General Werner von Blomberg announces compulsory military service. View of legal document describing new military service law. View of conscripted civilian German men with suitcases marching forward report for mandatory military training. Nazi forces in training march goosestep at training camp; Junkers 52 aircraft in background. Soldiers goosestep while walking bicycles in a line. Nazi troops trained. Scenes of remilitarization of Rhineland, violating terms of the Treaty of Versailles, as Nazi troops in 1936 march over the Hohenzollern Bridge crossing the River Rhine, with Cologne Cathedral rising in the background.
Air and rail travel in Germany. View of snow-covered mountains and clouds. Flying above them is a German Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52 trimotor passenger airplane. It is named "Hans Wende" and displays registration "D-Ader" on its fuselage, and a swastika on its tail. Closeup of the forward part of the aircraft. View of passengers inside the cabin, enjoying the views out their windows. Body of water below. One passenger lights a cigar, and smokes. Another swings a typewriter down from back of seat in front of her and prepares to type something. Views out plane's window behind left wing showing flaps slightly extended and as plane banks in right turn. Quick pan across copilot's position and back, showing corrugated metal on right wing. City of Berlin is seen below. Passengers preparing to land. View from behind right wing, as aircraft descends to land. "Berlin" spelled out in large letters on ground at the airport, visible from the air. Various buildings, including the Berliner Dom (largest church in the city) seen below. The lustgarten, two bridges leading to the The Unter Den Linden boulevard below, with cars moving on it. The Zeughaus and other buildings are seen along Unter Den Linden. As the aircraft passes over the Brandenburg Gate and forested park, below, the scene shifts to a zoom-in on the gate and transitions to a ground view of it with cars driving through the gate. Closeup of the “Quadriga,”statue atop the gate, depicting the goddess of victory driving a chariot pulled by four horses. Camera moves through the gate and shows policemen, in white uniforms, directing traffic, including double-decker buses. Brief glimpse of the Victory Column on the Königsplatz across from the Reichstag. Pedestrians walking and trams passing along the street. Sightseeing bus carrying passengers along the road. View of the passengers inside and the guide explaining the sights. They pass the Neue Wache war memorial. Scene shifts to a railroad train traveling in the city and rising up to an elevated track that passes through a building. View as the train approaches and passes through an elevated station. Brief view of the Steampunkish Wuppertal Schwebebahn (suspended railway). View of a German high-speed passenger train seen as it passes a bridge. Passengers relaxing inside the train. Some are eating and drinking. Several views of trains moving at high speed. Train signals in action along the railways.
The Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Athletes from many countries competing. Views of exterior of Olympic Stadium in Berlin, and interiors with Olympic flame burning. U.S. captures the men's track and the field title with a total of 203 points to 80 for Finland. A large crowd gathers to watch the events. People cheer and applaud. Men watch through binoculars. Cameramen record the event. Events shown include: Womens Discus, Mens Discus, Marathon, Mens 110 meter hurdle race final (with Forest Towns winning followed by Don Finlay and Fritz Pollard), and a relay race in which Frank Wykoff wins for the United States, breaking the world record of 39.8 seconds. Also shown are Field Hockey, and Diving. Winners shown include the first ever gold medal by a Korean, Sohn Kee-chung, in the marathon. He was running for Japan after Japan's 1910 annexation of Korea. Also British India in Field Hockey is shown playing, University of Michigan diver Richard Degener who won Gold in springboard diving, and Gisela Mauermayer who won the Gold for Germany in women's discus. In Men's Discus, U.S. Gold Medal winner Ken Carpenter from USC is shown, along with Gordon Dunn who won the silver medal in men's discus.
The 1936 Summer Olympics held in Berlin, Germany. The Olympic torch in the Berlin stadium. A crowd gives Nazi salute as athletes of participating nations carry flags and march in the stadium. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler standing. President of the Olympic Organizing Committee Dr. Von Lewald speaks at a podium. The athletes raise their flags. Adolf Hitler gives a Nazi salute. Men spread a large Olympic Flag.
Animated map shows direction of Allied forces converging on Germany, Western Powers from the West, and Soviets from the East during final phase of World War 2, in Europe. Newspaper headline reads: "Russians strike for Berlin."The New York World-Telegram newspaper headline reads: "Yanks Cross the Rhine!."U.S. Army troops seen in house-to-house fighting in Germany.American troops standing at Rhine River viewing Cologne, Germany. The cathedral at Cologne. Film of Hitler's troops crossing the Rhine in 1936 contrasted with views of many German prisoners of war being marched under Allied guard, in 1945. USAAF P-38 lightning aircraft taking off on mission against German targets. View from Allied aircraft strafing German target which explodes. A P-38 landing on a snowy airfield. USAAF P-47 of the 388th Fighter Squadron (C4), 365th Fighter Group, landing and skidding sideways off the runway. It slides in the snow and strikes another P-47 aircraft with engine running, on the ramp. B-24 Liberator bombers taxing for takeoff. Formation of USAAF B-17 bombers dropping bombs all over Germany. Formation of B-17s at very high altitude, leaving contrails behind them. U.S. infantry and armor fighting in snow-covered streets of German city. Allied troops, including Polish soldiers, fighting in the snow. Allied wounded being carried while under fire from German forces. U.S. Sergeant Peter Di Guiseppi and Private Pat Brady being interviewed. De Guiseppi remarks that the war seems like it will never end. Brady recounts being in a tank that hit a mine or something that exploded and abandoning the tank faster than he could ever imagine. He hunkered down in a ditch while bullets flew all around him, including the ammunition from the destroyed tank.
Nazi propaganda extolling the growth of the Nazi party from 11.55 million in 1933 to 15.7 million in 1936. Remilitarization of Germany in lead up to World War 2. German troops enter the demilitarized zone of the Rheinland (Rhineland) and, as slate suggests, reoccupy their old garrison there. Triumphant scenes of German troops marching into Frankfurt, Karlsruhe, and Cologne, to the enthusiastic cheers of the residents. Hitler and Goering and others in open car as crowds cheer them in Berlin. Hitler on a balcony reviewing a torchlight parade of SA and SS troopers. Brief glimpse of Hermann Goering in civilian clothes. Euphoric crowds greet Hitler on Heroes Memorial Day, March 7, 1936, the same day he ordered German troops into the Rheinland.