Speaking before United Nations Atomic Energy Commission (UNAEC) in its first meeting in June 1946, Bernard Baruch proposes international control of all atomic energy -- the so-called Baruch Plan. Low level aerial view of ruined post World War 2 European city. Goods including heavy equipment, locomotives, being loaded aboard ships to aid in the postwar recovery of Europe (The Marshall Plan). Workers in Western Europe making use of Marshall Plan materials to rebuild their national infrastructures. West European farmers restoring agriculture. View from overflying light airplane of parts of postwar Berlin in 1948. Blocked roads and empty railroad tracks leading from East Germany to West Germany, blocked by the Soviet Union. Barge traffic at standstill due to Soviet actions. U.S. C-54 transport aircraft flying supplies into West Berlin (The Berlin Airlift) during the Soviet blockade of that city. West Berliners watching U.S. transport aircraft bringing fuel, food and other essentials into the isolated city. A C-54 flying low over empty railroad lines, as it prepares to land in West Berlin. Supplies offloaded from a DC-3 ( AKA C-47 or British Dakota) equipped with unusual set of rear cargo doors. Supplies being moved on Tegel Airport with many C-54 aircraft in the background. Numerous C-47 aircraft operating at Tempelhof airdrome. An East German official opening a barricade as Soviet blockade of West Berlin ends on May 12, 1949, and supply trucks begin to move over roads again. Flags of Western nations flying on high flagpoles. Glimpse of Allied warships underway during World War 2. Formation of P-38 Lightning aircraft in flight overhead. NATO troops marching and NATO armor on parade. Flashes of heavy artillery firing at night. Korean refugees moving South in 1950 with the outbreak of the Korean War. View of UN Security Council meeting in the absence of Soviet representative. U.S. tanks firing guns and American infantrymen in conflict with North Korea in Korean War. American wounded on stretchers.
Joint Allied Control Commission Conference in Berlin,Germany. Joint Allied Control Commission Conference in session to resolve the conflicting economic and political policy. Members of board and representatives of four nations General of the United States Air Force Joseph T. McNarney,Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov and Marshal of France Alphonse Pierre Juin attend conference. United States Secretary of State James Francis Byrnes addresses German civilians on Vital policy at Stuttgart in 1946. U.S. Ambassador Robert P. Murphy,Senators Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg,Matthew Connelly and General Joseph T. McNarney seated at speaker's stand.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
A film titled 'The Big Picture'. Ruined buildings of Nazi Germany. Eagle of Third Reich pulled down. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population line sidewalks and watch them. Sign on a shop reads 'Gaststatte Schosser'. American soldiers give candy to German children. Nazi leaders,Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children. Russian troops occupying East Berlin. Russians removing a lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. American General Joseph T. McNarney. French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig). Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. Spandau prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet blockade of West Berlin. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. The Berlin Airlift operations. U.S. Air Force C-54 in flight bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. Unloading relief supplies from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being loaded on airplanes. German children watch American airlift planes land at Tempelhof Aerodrome, Berlin. Tiny parachute with candy drops from American airplane. Children run to retrieve it. blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. Trains cross between East and West Berlin. German people cast votes,establishing Federated German Republic, U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer,President of the new German Republic. in the West.Workers seen working on construction sites. Soviet oppressed East Germany faces riots. Refugees from East Germany in West Germany.
Allied delegates at a meeting in Berlin, Germany. Allied Commandantura building in Berlin, Germany. American and French officers enter the building. Four Allied sentries at the entrance salute the officers. A meeting of Berlin Allied Commandantura with French and Russian delegates to the right, and British and American delegates to the left of the table. British and America delegates with the commanders. French and Russian delegates at the meeting. General Smirnov, Caqptaine de Vaisseau Cherdel, Brigadier General Ransom, Major general Nares.
During Berlin Crisis in 1961. Scene of a street in East Berlin, Germany. A man stands on the West side of Berlin, clicks photo of East Berlin. A policeman disturbs and blocks him with a mirror. People of East Berlin go with their few possessions escaping to West Berlin. Military trucks parked on East Berlin side. People wave handkerchiefs. A young man loads his luggage in a truck. People on the East Berlin side with their possessions. An east German policeman reflects with a mirror to prevent cameras from recording the escape attempts. People on the West Berlin side watch a water hose sprayed at them to deter onlookers. A man sits on a truck and clicks photos as water is sprayed on him and the truck is forced to move on. Smoke or tear gas bomb comes from East Berlin side and men throw them back. Smoke seen everywhere. The escape of Frieda Schulz is seen from her apartment building at the border, on Bernauer Strasse. She is seen hanging from a window, still held on her arm from above by an east German official, until the receiving west German crowd from below pulls on her leg hard enough to free her, and she falls into a waiting net. Another woman is seen preparing to leap from a fifth floor window. She leaps (not seen) and is caught by firemen with a waiting net. Next, her husband is seen pushing some baggage through the window with valuables, and then he is seen leaping from the window into a waiting net held by firemen on the West Berlin side. Work goes on for building the Berlin Wall. Giant bulldozer drops dirt on ground as it razes home along the border of the Berlin Wall, and as a wide ditch is built to prevent escape by vehicle. People cut hole in barbed wire and are seen escaping to the West German side. Policemen and others help them as they get through. East Berlin police arrive and stop more people from escaping. A man and two young women are seen after they successfully escape through the barbed wire to West Berlin side.