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Berlin Germany 1955 stock footage and images

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United States and Russian troops in Germany after World war 2; division of West Germany and East Germany

Bomb damaged and ruined buildings of Nazi Germany in 1945, including the Reichstag. Nazi Eagle symbol of Third Reich pulled down from building and crashes to the ground at end of World War 2. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population lines sidewalks and watches them parade. Sign on a shop reads "Gaststatte Schosser." Many buildings in view are damaged or destroyed from bomb attacks during World War 2. American soldiers occupying German give candy to German children who at first hide from them. Nazi leaders including Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, seen on trial in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. women and children trying to gather wood from stumps of trees for fuel. A woman sawing a log. Women and children scraping food from inside trash cans and refuse bins, to stay alive during scarcity and shortages after the war. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children in relief lines. Close up of a smiling boy as he receives food or drink. Soviet Russian Army soldiers occupying East Berlin and marching in formation. Russians removing an industrial lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany as the Soviet Union continues to strip Germany of resources after the war. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Views of empty streets and heavily damaged buildings of Berlin after the end of the war. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. View of Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. Leaders seen meeting inside include American General Joseph T. McNarney, French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig), Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov,. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. View of Spandau Prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet and American troops drill and march on the grounds of Spandau Prison. An American soldier relieves a Soviet soldier at a watch post. Soviet blockade of West Berlin begins in June 1948. View of a man shutting down power in a power plant and lights going dark in Berlin. Blackout conditions in Berlin during the blockade. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. Germans exchange goods in black market setting. A man plants vegetables in view of the Brandenburg Gate. The Berlin Airlift operations underway. U.S. Air Force C-54 aircraft flying low and arriving in Berlin, bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. U.S. military forces unloading relief supplies and food from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being unloaded from airplanes. German children gather on a hill and watch low-flying American airlift planes as they approach to land at Tempelhof Aerodrome in Berlin. An Air Force airman throws a package out of the aircraft. It is a very small parachute with candy that drops from the American airplane to the waiting children. Children run to retrieve it and they share and eat the candy. Blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. View of railroad tracks being re-linked, a locomotive running on tracks, and trains cross between East and West Berlin. Ships loading goods onto trains for Berlin. A coal processing factory running again in Germany. German workers producing industrial parts and goods again in production factories. West German construction workers rebuilding structures in West Germany. German people cast votes, establishing Federated German Republic (West Germany). Figures seen include U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer, President of the new German Republic, together in Bonn, Germany. Soviet Russian troops marching on parade in East Germany. East German workers rioting in 1953, in protest of increased production quotas. Soviet forces in armored vehicles patrol the streets and disperse the crowd. A large electronic billboard banner flashes West German messages and propaganda to those who can view it in East Berlin. Citizen refugees from East Germany arriving in a processing center in West Germany, carrying bags and luggage. East German refugees laying on the ground on blankets in a crowded immigration processing center of West Germany. A woman irons clothes in the immigration center, while a child plays with dolls.

Date: 1949
Duration: 7 min 36 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
History of Berlin before and after World War II showing zones of occupation and poor living conditions post-war.

Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. View of Berlin in 1920s and 1930 decades. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Point of view shot driving through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets in 1930s. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins in Spring 1945 as occupying Allied tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amid ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, buckets, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over-crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with German civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Berlin Germany in the first hundred days of Soviet Blockade during the Cold War

Film opens showing Russian Bear covered by iron gate and slate reading 100 days Blockade. Camera pans over war-damaged areas of the city of Berlin, Germany. Narrator refers to the Berlin Airlift by the Allies and the Berlin residents not giving up. Views of several buildings undamaged by World War 2, including Kammergericht, the Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. Streets crowded by pedestrians going about ordinary business in Berlin. Among them is seen a German soldier, missing a leg and using a crutch. Some Berlin industry activity is seen in a factory where welders are at work. Blockade fences are seen separating the Soviet zone of east Berlin from the allied sectors of West Berlin. Trams are seen that cannot travel between the zones. A person trying to use a gas stove to cook, but has no gas pressure. The city grows dark at night due to electricity shortages, resulting in blackout conditions. Berliners trying to manage simple things at home such as exercising on a fixed bicycle. A man planting a garden in sight of the Brandenburg Gate, at the boundary of the Soviet zone. A police officer using a radio in an automobile in the free part of the city. View of the City Council meeting in West Berlin. This is contrasted with view of East Berlin where members of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED) backed by the Soviet authorities are seen meeting in a separate city council of East Berlin, not long before the formal founding of East Germany in 1949. Next, Dr Ferdinand Friedensburg, Mayor of West Berlin, addresses the West Berlin City Council.

Date: 1948
Duration: 2 min 58 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
East German residents in Berlin Germany are seen escaping to West Berlin, and Berlin wall is built, during Berlin Crisis of 1961

During Berlin Crisis in 1961. Scene of a street in East Berlin, Germany. A man stands on the West side of Berlin, clicks photo of East Berlin. A policeman disturbs and blocks him with a mirror. People of East Berlin go with their few possessions escaping to West Berlin. Military trucks parked on East Berlin side. People wave handkerchiefs. A young man loads his luggage in a truck. People on the East Berlin side with their possessions. An east German policeman reflects with a mirror to prevent cameras from recording the escape attempts. People on the West Berlin side watch a water hose sprayed at them to deter onlookers. A man sits on a truck and clicks photos as water is sprayed on him and the truck is forced to move on. Smoke or tear gas bomb comes from East Berlin side and men throw them back. Smoke seen everywhere. The escape of Frieda Schulz is seen from her apartment building at the border, on Bernauer Strasse. She is seen hanging from a window, still held on her arm from above by an east German official, until the receiving west German crowd from below pulls on her leg hard enough to free her, and she falls into a waiting net. Another woman is seen preparing to leap from a fifth floor window. She leaps (not seen) and is caught by firemen with a waiting net. Next, her husband is seen pushing some baggage through the window with valuables, and then he is seen leaping from the window into a waiting net held by firemen on the West Berlin side. Work goes on for building the Berlin Wall. Giant bulldozer drops dirt on ground as it razes home along the border of the Berlin Wall, and as a wide ditch is built to prevent escape by vehicle. People cut hole in barbed wire and are seen escaping to the West German side. Policemen and others help them as they get through. East Berlin police arrive and stop more people from escaping. A man and two young women are seen after they successfully escape through the barbed wire to West Berlin side.

Date: 1961, September
Duration: 3 min 34 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes of Berlin divided by newly built Berlin Wall. Unrest in the city after division into East and West Berlin, Germany

The divided city of Berlin, Germany caused by the erection of the Berlin Wall. Shows early scenes of the Berlin Wall being built. Opening scene shows camera pan from Brandenburg Gate down to street level where East German construction workers are using a jack hammer and hand digging a trench across the middle of the street to serve as foundation for the Berlin Wall. A Soviet guard watches over the construction workers. East Germans and Soviet Russians walking with a spool of razor wire, putting up barbed wire barricades along other sections of the dividing border. German citizens gathered along the wall as it is built in a field area. Several young men in suits being pushed and harassed by a guard on the East German side of the Berlin Wall. View of a railroad train track that has been cut, and workers digging a deep trench at the site to build the wall right through the run of railroad track. East German refugees walking through a checkpoint area, desperate to leave east Germany before total closure of the border occurred. Refugees gathered in crowded shelters with mattresses on the ground. Young children and babies sleeping on mats. Views of barbed wire crossing railroad track runs. Animated map showing routing of aircraft for the Berlin Airlift in response to the Berlin Blockade by the Soviet Union in 1948. Riots on the streets of East Berlin. Views of various aircraft flying overhead, bringing supplies to citizens during the blockade. Relief supplies and food being unloaded at airport for citizens. People waving white handkerchiefs in the air to express thanks as a Berlin Airlift airplane passes overhead. People in East Germany throw stones at a Russian tank in the streets as a crowd of protestors gathers. A burning building with smoke pouring from its windows. Views of successful German industry and commerce in West Berlin. People working in West Berlin. German people shop in stores. A boy adds a bar of chocolate to a shopping basket. Men working in large industrial plants and factories. Large Siemens equipment in use in an electrical transmission component factory. A scientist or engineer looking through a microscope like device.

Date: 1961, August
Duration: 2 min 10 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
End of World War 2 in Germany, the Four-power occupation of Germany after World War II, and the Berlin Airlift

Allied tank and tank destroyer firing and Allied infantry in Germany during World War 2. British, American, and Soviet troops escorting German Prisoners of war at the end of the War. Animated map shows line where U.S. and Russian troops met.and zones of occupation in Germany and Berlin. It depicts routs of access into the Soviet zone of Berlin View from a vehicle driving through utterly destroyed part of Germany in 1945 with rubble and ruin of many buildings seen. German citizens cooking on outdoor fire in a city street, and trying to clear some debris of destroyed buildings by hand and using buckets in a "bucket brigade." Bus service being restored and German citizens boarding. Vehicle traffic moving with a German police officer directing. Doctors perform physical examination of a German boy as a group of German boys wait in queue for examination. Soviet Leader, Joseph Stalin, with U.S. President, Harry Truman, British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, at the Potsdam Conference. Children receiving soup at a school in Berlin. Animated map shows routes through the Soviet occupation zone, used by Western Allies, to supply essential food and supplies through the Soviet zone of occupation to sustain West Berlin residents. It then depicts Soviet action blockading the road and rail routes to isolate West Berlin. Views of empty roads, rails, and canals. A DC-3 (US Air Force C-47) transport aircraft taking off. Men loading supplies on aircraft for delivery to West Berlin. A C-54 transport airplane taking off. A British Short S.25 Sunderland flying boat carrying cargo in the Berlin Airlift. Troops carrying supplies for airlift. A British Avro York transport aircraft taking off. A warehouse filled with barrels for Berlin. View from overflying airplane. Trucks resuming travel to Berlin after the Soviets finally lift the 9-month blockade. Normal supplies of food seen again, in West Berlin shops. Vehicle stopped at a checkpoint. Sign warning that: "You are leaving the American Sector." and similar ones at the French and British sector borders. Old road sign pointing to Potsdam, beside another sign warning of entering the Russian zone. Traffic moving between East and West Berlin.

Date: 1949
Duration: 4 min 14 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
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