Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
A film titled 'The Big Picture'. Ruined buildings of Nazi Germany. Eagle of Third Reich pulled down. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population line sidewalks and watch them. Sign on a shop reads 'Gaststatte Schosser'. American soldiers give candy to German children. Nazi leaders,Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children. Russian troops occupying East Berlin. Russians removing a lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. American General Joseph T. McNarney. French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig). Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. Spandau prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet blockade of West Berlin. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. The Berlin Airlift operations. U.S. Air Force C-54 in flight bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. Unloading relief supplies from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being loaded on airplanes. German children watch American airlift planes land at Tempelhof Aerodrome, Berlin. Tiny parachute with candy drops from American airplane. Children run to retrieve it. blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. Trains cross between East and West Berlin. German people cast votes,establishing Federated German Republic, U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer,President of the new German Republic. in the West.Workers seen working on construction sites. Soviet oppressed East Germany faces riots. Refugees from East Germany in West Germany.
During Berlin Crisis in 1961. Scene of a street in East Berlin, Germany. A man stands on the West side of Berlin, clicks photo of East Berlin. A policeman disturbs and blocks him with a mirror. People of East Berlin go with their few possessions escaping to West Berlin. Military trucks parked on East Berlin side. People wave handkerchiefs. A young man loads his luggage in a truck. People on the East Berlin side with their possessions. An east German policeman reflects with a mirror to prevent cameras from recording the escape attempts. People on the West Berlin side watch a water hose sprayed at them to deter onlookers. A man sits on a truck and clicks photos as water is sprayed on him and the truck is forced to move on. Smoke or tear gas bomb comes from East Berlin side and men throw them back. Smoke seen everywhere. The escape of Frieda Schulz is seen from her apartment building at the border, on Bernauer Strasse. She is seen hanging from a window, still held on her arm from above by an east German official, until the receiving west German crowd from below pulls on her leg hard enough to free her, and she falls into a waiting net. Another woman is seen preparing to leap from a fifth floor window. She leaps (not seen) and is caught by firemen with a waiting net. Next, her husband is seen pushing some baggage through the window with valuables, and then he is seen leaping from the window into a waiting net held by firemen on the West Berlin side. Work goes on for building the Berlin Wall. Giant bulldozer drops dirt on ground as it razes home along the border of the Berlin Wall, and as a wide ditch is built to prevent escape by vehicle. People cut hole in barbed wire and are seen escaping to the West German side. Policemen and others help them as they get through. East Berlin police arrive and stop more people from escaping. A man and two young women are seen after they successfully escape through the barbed wire to West Berlin side.
Filmed shortly before the Potsdam Conference in Berlin, Germany. A view of the devastated city of Berlin shortly after the end of World War 2 in Europe. Aerial views of bomb damaged Berlin and point of view shots from a moving car passing destruction, rubble, and skeletons of buildings from bomb damage. U.S. President Harry Truman surveying the damage from an open car, and view of his car approaching the Brandenburg Gate and driving on the Unter den Linden. Three flag towers each decorated at the base with an image of Truman, Stalin, and Churchill. U.S. President Harry S. Truman is riding through Berlin with General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Joseph Stalin and Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov. Flashback shows German Fuhrer Adolf Hitler parading in Berlin. People crowd on either side of a street to cheer. Close up back and side profile view of Hitler as he stands in a moving car waving to the crowd. Hitler speaking at a Nazi Rally, forcefully and animated, about Germany wiping out inferior races, and decrying America's society of mixed people, saying that it has a ridiculous notion of equality and freedom that cannot stand up against Germany. The German people in the hall applaud. Truman speaks into a microphone in Germany after the war. U.S. delegates stand in the background. A radio tower. A U.S. military serviceman operating controls for the radio broadcast. People in the U.S. listen to President Truman speaking from a Berlin Radio Station. A hand on a typewriter. People of the United States in groups listening to radio: Men gathered at a city store listening to the radio speech; a woman typist listening to the radio beside her typewriter; men in a rural general store gathered around a radio near a wood stove; farmers listening to a radio; office workers gathered around a radio; a family in a living room listens to the radio; group of U.S. Army soldiers gathered to listen to the radio . Truman speaking on the grounds of the United States Group Control Council Headquarters in Berlin. He is in a courtyard that had been the home of the German Air Defense for Berlin. An honor guard from Company 'E' of the 41st Infantry is present, along with Secretary Stimpson, Assistant Secretary McCloy, and Generals Eisenhower, Patton, Clay, and Bradley. Soldiers stand in formation in the background. He speaks about peace in the world during the ceremony raising the United States flag over the U.S. controlled area of Berlin. His words included the statement, "Let's not forget that we are fighting for peace and for the welfare of mankind. We're not fighting for conquest."
Allied tank and tank destroyer firing and Allied infantry in Germany during World War 2. British, American, and Soviet troops escorting German Prisoners of war at the end of the War. Animated map shows line where U.S. and Russian troops met.and zones of occupation in Germany and Berlin. It depicts routs of access into the Soviet zone of Berlin View from a vehicle driving through utterly destroyed part of Germany in 1945. Germans cooking on outdoor fire in a city street, and trying to clear some debris in a bucket brigade. Bus service being restored and German citizens boarding. Vehicle traffic moving with a German policeman directing. Doctors perform physical examination of a German youth as a group of German boys wait in queue for examination. Soviet Leader, Joseph Stalin, with U.S. President, Harry Truman, British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, at the Potsdam Conference. Children receiving soup at a school in Berlin. Animated map shows routes through the Soviet occupation zone, used by Western Allies, to supply essential food and supplies througn the Soviet zone of occupation to sustain West Berliners. It then depicts Soviet action blockading the road and rail routes to isolate West Berlin. Views of empty roads, rails, and canals. A DC-3 (US Air Force c-47) transport aircraft taking off. Men loading supplies on aircraft for delivery to West Berlin. A C-54 transport airplane taking off. A British Short S.25 Sunderland flying boat carrying cargo in the Berlin Airlift. Troops carrying supplies for airlift. A British Avro York transport aircraft taking off. A warehouse filled with barrels for Berlin. View from overflying airplane. Trucks resuming travel to Berlin after the Soviets finally lift the 9-month blockade. Normal supplies of food seen again, in West Berlin shops. Vehicle stopped at a checkpoint. Sign warning that: "You are leaving the American Sector." and similar ones at the French and British sector borders. Old road sign pointing to Potsdam, next to one warning of entering the Russian zone. Traffic moving between East and West Berlin.
A contrast between East Berlin and West Berlin in Germany. The "Berlin wall" which separates East and West Germany with a wire fence on its top built by the Soviets. Workers in East Berlin constructing the wall. The streets of West Berlin and several dilapidated buildings in East Berlin, still not repaired following bombing during World War II, showing the contrast. Bernd Luenser who was shot down as he reached West Berlin after swimming across a canal from East Berlin. His body is hauled out by the West German guards. Wreaths laid in memoriam for Germans killed trying to escape to West Berlin. U.S. Air Force C-54 aircraft taking off from an airfield, connecting East and West Berlin. Bricked windows sealed over completely on buildings along the Berlin Wall. Khrushchev speaking at the UN, standing and waving his finger emphatically as he speaks.