Rally of communists and youth in East Berlin. Small socialist flag on table. A boy reads during a rally. Historical view of parade by German soldiers in 1930's Berlin Germany. Russian tanks repel people on streets during anti-Communist protest of 1953. Aerial view of Brandenburg Gate area and refugees fleeing in thousands from East Berlin to West Berlin. Revitalized West Berlin, with new construction. A building in construction and another new building seen. Modern stores with show windows displaying abundant goods including cameras and foods. People at a a busy food or deli counter and in sidewalk cafes and restaurants. Busy streets of West Berlin with early 1960s automobiles. Enduring flame monument in West Berlin Inscription on the pedestal reads 'Freiheit Recht Freide' meaning Freedom, Rights, Peace. At a conference with allies including Britain in 1960 Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev walks down steps and gets into car. British Prime Minister Harold MacMillan with others walks down steps. Animated Khrushchev addresses gathering in Russian, forcefully and defiantly. MacMillan responds encouraging peaceful negotiations and no force. Newly elected Mayor Willy Brandt of West Berlin addresses people. United States President John F Kennedy with Premier Khrushchev, Secretary of State Dean Rusk and others at meeting in Vienna Austria. British flag at Headquarters of Berlin British Sector. Military police jeep stops near a sign. Soldier looks through binoculars at East West border of Berlin before Berlin Wall was substantial. During free elections in West Berlin people put their vote in ballot box. Box opened and counting of votes progresses. People see results on board. Nearly empty streets of East Berlin. Destroyed buildings of East Berlin still not repaired after World War II. The Spittelmarkt area, formerly a busy shopping market, now deserted and desolate. Mayor Brandt meets refugees and speaks over the microphone.
People on strikes and demonstrations in East Berlin. People standing on top of buildings. Buildings and radio tower of RIAS (American Radio Station in Western Sector of Berlin) which was spreading news of the workers general strike. Motorcars pass by. East German demonstrators throw things into fire protesting excessive work schedules. People watch fire. Flames of fire. Sign at the border of East and West Berlin, warning "You are leaving the American Sector." More scenes of the protests in East Berlin, from other news sources. Rioters throw east German police uniforms out of a window toward a crowd. Soviet Russian Soviet army tanks and troops enter the areas of unrest. At TC: 01:48, two protestors are seen sliding an iron pipe into the tread of a tank. East German Leader, Walter Ulbricht at a podium, backed by a huge replica of a white dove, and, elswhere, standing with associates. East German communist organizations, including police, marching in attempts to dispel notions that East Germans are oppressed. Huge poster of German worker rejecting American Marshall Plan, with slogan, "Yankee Go Home." Light tank and armored car parked beside a building. Closeup of soldier gripping machine gun atop a tank. Army trucks and troops in center of a city square. Voice of America commentator broadcasting news of the events from the RIAS station in West Berlin.
Anniversary of East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. West Berliners including Mayor Willy Brandt and Chancellor Ludwig Erhard at the memorials of those who died in East German Revolt against Soviets in 1953. Flowers on memorials. More than 200 memorial services recall day of revolt in 1953. Chancellor Erhard leads 75,000 people in a rally before the Town Hall. Freedom torch is lit by a man.
The Soviet Army suppresses uprisings in East Germany. Demonstrators haul down a red flag atop the Brandenburg Gate in East Berlin. Crowds at Potzdammer Platz disperse as gunfire breaks out. A wounded demonstrator is assisted by comrades. Soviet tanks rumble through the streets. Martial law is declared and orders of the Military High Command are posted in East Berlin. Demonstrators throw rocks at Soviet tanks on the street. Soviet tanks and troops block demonstrators. A map shows places experiencing uprisings including: Dresden, Madeburg, Frankfurt, Schwerin, Leipzig, Rostock, Erfurt, Chemnitz, and others. A poster dated 18 June 1953 announces the execution of Willy Goettling as a leader of the uprising. A newspaper announcement reports the condemnation of Alfred Diener, of the city of Jena, as a provocateur. Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor of West Germany, presides over a public funeral for Germans who lost their lives in the Soviet suppression of East Berlin. Leaders of East Germany are seen and East German proceedings against alleged ringleaders of the uprisings. East German refugees fill a large open building. They carry belongings and sleep on the floor.
A film titled 'The Big Picture'. Ruined buildings of Nazi Germany. Eagle of Third Reich pulled down. United States Army of occupation marches into city as German population line sidewalks and watch them. Sign on a shop reads 'Gaststatte Schosser'. American soldiers give candy to German children. Nazi leaders,Hermann Göring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, and Wilhelm Keitel, in the Nuremberg war crimes trials. German people struggling to rebuild. Americans providing food assistance and feeding German children. Russian troops occupying East Berlin. Russians removing a lathe and other machinery and tools from Germany. A map of Germany and Berlin seen with divided regions as American, British, French and Soviet zones. Children play amidst the desolation and destruction in East Berlin. Kammergericht, Headquarters of the Allied Control Council. American General Joseph T. McNarney. French General Marie Pierre Kœnig (Marie-Pierre Koenig). Soviet General Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov. British Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery. Spandau prison guarded by troops of occupying powers. Soviet blockade of West Berlin. Germans plant vegetables in city to survive. The Berlin Airlift operations. U.S. Air Force C-54 in flight bringing supplies to West Berlin. C-97 landing. Unloading relief supplies from airlift aircraft. American C-47s and C-54s in the Berlin Airlift. Soap and milk being loaded on airplanes. German children watch American airlift planes land at Tempelhof Aerodrome, Berlin. Tiny parachute with candy drops from American airplane. Children run to retrieve it. blockade is lifted in 1949 and rebuilding of West Berlin resumes. Trains cross between East and West Berlin. German people cast votes,establishing Federated German Republic, U.S. General Alfred B. Gruenther with Konrad Adenauer,President of the new German Republic. in the West.Workers seen working on construction sites. Soviet oppressed East Germany faces riots. Refugees from East Germany in West Germany.
During Berlin Crisis in 1961. Scene of a street in East Berlin, Germany. A man stands on the West side of Berlin, clicks photo of East Berlin. A policeman disturbs and blocks him with a mirror. People of East Berlin go with their few possessions escaping to West Berlin. Military trucks parked on East Berlin side. People wave handkerchiefs. A young man loads his luggage in a truck. People on the East Berlin side with their possessions. An east German policeman reflects with a mirror to prevent cameras from recording the escape attempts. People on the West Berlin side watch a water hose sprayed at them to deter onlookers. A man sits on a truck and clicks photos as water is sprayed on him and the truck is forced to move on. Smoke or tear gas bomb comes from East Berlin side and men throw them back. Smoke seen everywhere. The escape of Frieda Schulz is seen from her apartment building at the border, on Bernauer Strasse. She is seen hanging from a window, still held on her arm from above by an east German official, until the receiving west German crowd from below pulls on her leg hard enough to free her, and she falls into a waiting net. Another woman is seen preparing to leap from a fifth floor window. She leaps (not seen) and is caught by firemen with a waiting net. Next, her husband is seen pushing some baggage through the window with valuables, and then he is seen leaping from the window into a waiting net held by firemen on the West Berlin side. Work goes on for building the Berlin Wall. Giant bulldozer drops dirt on ground as it razes home along the border of the Berlin Wall, and as a wide ditch is built to prevent escape by vehicle. People cut hole in barbed wire and are seen escaping to the West German side. Policemen and others help them as they get through. East Berlin police arrive and stop more people from escaping. A man and two young women are seen after they successfully escape through the barbed wire to West Berlin side.