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Bratislava Czechoslovakia 1938 stock footage and images

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Adolf Hitler's plans and actions for conquest of Austria and Czech Sudetenland; events leading up to and through Munich Pact

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler ascending stairs to the Bergfhof, accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering, and followed by other high ranking Nazi officers. Inside, General staff officers begin briefing Hitler about plans for German expansion Eastward. Finger points to Austria on map. Next, on March 12, 1938, Border Guards are seen dismantling barriers at the border as German troops march into Austria. German aircraft fly overhead. Hitler stands in his open touring car as it drives into Vienna, where local people line the sidewalk, and welcome him with the Nazi salute. Maps depict the fall of Austria and illustrate the anticipated conquest of Czechoslovakia. Brief overlay image of Bismark as narrator quotes him about Bohemia being key to control of Europe. German troops advancing up steep mountainous terrain. German soldiers on horseback and wagons passing road sign pointing to cities of Karlovy Vary and Cheb, in the west Bohemia region of Czechoslovakia. Czech troops marching in formation with shouldered arms. View of Czech Avia B-534 warplanes at an airfield. Interior of a Czech Skoda works munitions factory. President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, signing papers at his desk. French lancers marching in formation, on parade. (Narrator comments on French military alliances with Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.) View of warships in British fleet. Hitler outdoors, surrounded by German military officers, looking over large maps. Animated map highlights the "Sudetenlands" bordering Germany, including districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and parts of Silesia inside Czechoslovakia, where use of German language was common. Street scene from that area showing some youths in uniforms, marching. Hitler giving speech about bringing the German people together again. The uniformed youth marching at a camp. Sign erected on stone wall at the camp reads: "Die Faune ist mehr als der..."(the flag is more than ...) Youth in Naval garb march on a street with a Nazi flags. Spectators give Nazi salutes. Young men in Khaki uniforms march with Nazi symbols. Scenes shift to similar parades in Norway, Sweden,China,and the United States. Back in Czechoslovakia, Hitler reaches down from his podium to shake hands with parading youth. Images of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Senator Robert Wagner, Wendell Wilkie, Henry J. Kaiser, and American military members, superimposed on American flags. Sudentenland Nazi supporters marching. Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, Sudeten German politician, with a Nazi officer. More views of Sudeten Nazi supporters. Nazis in an office showing blackjacks. Hospitalized Czechs who suffered at hands of Nazi supporters in street fights. Hitler speaking before the Bundestag. Closeup of Joseph Goebbels.Foreign minister Maxine Lichtenhof speaking to League of Nations meeting announcing Russia's readiness to back action against Germany. Czech borders being closed. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arriving by plane in Munich. Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Hermann Goering with Chamberlain, at the meeting to sign the Munich Agreement. View of protests by people in the streets of Czechoslovakia. French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Chamberlain, both being praised by countrymen upon their respective returns from Munich. (Chamberlain seen arriving just before giving famous "peace for our time" speech.)

Date: 1938, September
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
An old woman and a girl walk in front of a sidewalk religious shrine in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia.

A shrine in Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. Exteriors of an old Slovak church. A modern store in the foreground. An old woman and a girl walk in front of a sidewalk religious shrine made out of sheet iron into a figure of Christ. A yellow flower growing at the foot of a shrine at the corner of the street.

Date: 1946
Duration: 1 min 2 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Newsreel depicts a refugee camp of Czechoslovakian Jews after their land was taken over by Hungary

A newsreel depicts a Jewish refugee camp. An open ground with tents as the refugee camp for Czech Jews whose land was taken over by Hungary. Starving women and infants. Men cutting trees with a saw. Boy getting all hair shaved off his head. A number of Jewish refugees including children line up for a small amount of food kept on a table, and warm themselves by the fire.

Date: 1938, December 14
Duration: 45 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Remilitarized Germany crosses Rhine in violation of Treaty of Versailles; annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia by Germany.

Scenes from Nuremberg Trials, including footage of prior events being discussed in the trials. Nazi officer reads an announcement to Hilter and Nazi leadership confirming the March 7, 1936 occupation and remilitarization of the Rhineland by the German Army, and the loyalty of the German Army. German Army rally and parade is held in Nuremberg. Soldiers march and goosestep, along with Nazi leadership such as Hermann Goering, while Hitler speaks assuring peaceful intentions by Germany. German officials Goering, Rader, and von Neurath arrive at special meeting with Hitler and Generals von Blomberg and von Fritsch in November 1937 to plan conquer of Czechoslovakia and Austria. Tall meeting chamber doors under armed guard. Scenes from February 1938 Berchtesgaden meeting arranged by von Papen with Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg, Hitler, Keitel, and von Ribbentrop walking on grounds. Car approaches Berghof. Guido Schmidt, former foreign minister of Austria seen at the meeting, and then seen on stand testifying at Nuremberg trials concerning Hitler's decision to annex Austria. Scenes of German troops marching and a night-time rally parade in Austria. View of Schuschnigg on March 9, 1938 at podium during meeting announcing a plebiscite vote on Austrian independence. Views of German newspaper headlines denouncing the plebiscite and demanding Schuschnigg's resignation. Crowd surrounds new Chancellor Arthur von Seyss-Inquart with Nazi salutes following Schuschnigg's resignation. Next is scenes of March 12, 1938 German Anschluss annexation of Austria. Initial German forces seen meeting some resistance by Austrian citizens. Germany army rolling into Austria and dismantling border gates. Hitler memo announces intent to annex Czechoslovakia. Operation Green leader Konrad Henlein seen walking in parade with officials. Scenes of Munich Pact signing ceremony. Czech President Hacha walks with Nazi leaders and enters car for meeting to hear German ultimatum. Map shows lands grabbed by German

Date: 1938
Duration: 8 min 32 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
People dance as band play musical instruments,and dignitaries celebrate in Czechoslovakia.

Showing background of Prague, Czechoslovakia. Signs read : 'Polarka' and 'Eskymo' in Prague. A band play musical instruments. People dance in pairs. View of the city of Prague. A sign reads : 'Bratislava'. Officials and dignitaries celebrate.

Date: 1965
Duration: 47 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Dr. Josef Tiso, ex-Prime Minister of Slovakia in Kraiska Sud jail of Bratislava, Slovakia.

Dr. Josef Tiso in jail in Slovakia. Kraiska Sud jail of Bratislava. A warden opens a door of a cell. Dr. Josef Tiso, a Monsignor of the Catholic Church and ex-Prime Minister of Slovakia in the cell. The name 'Josef Tiso' written on the door of the cell. He sits at a little desk in his cell and reads and writes his memories. He then takes a book. He leaves his cell with the warden and walk in the courtyard of the jail. The warden watches him.

Date: 1946, October
Duration: 2 min 43 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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