The passenger locomotive- Paulista Railway of Brazil. A railway station in Brazil. People at the station wait for the arrival of a railroad train. Electric passenger train Paulista arrives at the station. A freight train moves along a railroad track.
Brazil enters World War II against Germany. Map of Brazil shown. Crowds gather on the streets of Rio de Janeiro as war is declared. German embassy is closed for safety of Brazil. Stores and shops are closed in Axis countries. Axis ships are confiscated at sea. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and President of Brazil Getúlio Dornelles Vargas meet and sign documents of alliance between two nations. Lend-lease military equipment is unloaded from ships. U.S. and Brazilian pilots meet. U.S. pilots give training to Brazilian pilots. Planes take off. Brazilian pilots fly trainer planes to Brazil from the U.S. Flags of Brazil at mast. Brazilian airplanes take off for patrolling the coast. Brazilian ships depart from Brazilian shipyard. Brazilian President Getúlio Vargas promises to defend the coast of Brazil. Ships underway at sea. U.S. sailors stand at attention aboard a ship at a Brazilian port. Workers work in an ordnance factory. Brazilian armed forces and U.S. troops march parade. Military equipment pass on road.
The swearing-in ceremony of Brazil's new President Eurico Gaspar Dutra in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Eurico Gaspar Dutra acclaimed as the new President of Brazil. Aircraft carrier USS Franklin D Roosevelt (CV-42) arrives for the ceremony, at the mouth of Guanabara Bay with Sugarloaf Mountain in the background. Aircraft in flight overhead. The Mayor of New York, Fiorello Henry La Guardia also arrives for the ceremony. Mayor LaGuardia along with other officials coming out of an aircraft. People gather in a large number to greet him. Officials gather at the congress for the ceremony. Eurico Dutra along with officials arrive in a car at the Palace (Palacio Tiradentes). Eurico Gaspar Dutra being sworn in as the President of Brazil in the Hall of Congress after being handed over the reins by provisional President Jose Linhares. The new President, the first in Brazil elected by direct popular vote, shakes hands with other officials and dignitaries.
Exterior view of Pan American Union Building in Washington DC, with a 1930s Packard four door sedan-limousine parked in front. A man entering the building. Jefferson Caffery, U.S. Ambassador to Brazil, seated in an office and reviewing paperwork. Narrator describes the creation of the Good Neighbor Fleet (where Moore-McCormack Lines, also called Mooremack, was contracted to run three ocean liners of the U.S. Maritime Commission between the USA and South America, called the Good Neighbor Fleet.) Close up picture of brochure advertising the new fleet, and picturing the three ships (The California, Virginia and Pennsylvania from the former Panama Pacific Line, with new names Uruguay, Brazil and Argentina.) Next scene shows 3 men meeting (this is possibly Moore-McCormack Lines founder Albert V. Moore, on right, seated at a table and in discussion, possibly with U.S. Maritime officials. Man on left is possibly Emmet McCormack.) Passengers aboard liner SS Brazil as it departs port. Crowd on docks wave at the ship leaving New York harbor. View from on board SS Brazil in New York Harbor as a nearby tug boat sprays water. Skyline and skyscrapers of New York City's Manhattan Island seen in background. Map of South America showing route of a Good Neighbor ship. Good Neighbor Fleet ships at a harbor in South America. U.S. State Department diplomats in South America beside one of the ships as fleet service is inaugurated. Exterior view of Pan American Union building and its sign in Washington DC (later called the building of the Organization of American States). President Ortiz of Argentina, President Alfredo Baldomir of Uruguay, and President Vargas of Brazil are shown in discussion with various officials.
Joao Goulart ousted as the President by an army rebellion in Brazil. Protesters on street with banners in hand. Joao Goulart disembarks from an aircraft. Soviets at a trade show in Brazil. Runway inflation and worker discontent led to riots in Brazil. Rioters damage shops on the streets in Brazil.
UN General Assembly approves an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge II, and French ambassador, Henri Hoppenot,speaking. Finn Moe, of Norway, speaking. View of the city of Kjeller,Norway. Flags of Norway and the Netherlandsat joint atomic laboratory. Scientists with various pieces of scientific equipmentinside the facility. Indian ambassador, Krishna Menon, speaking at the United Nations. Atomic laboratory and a Government Teachers' Training College,in India.Indian scientists in a laboratory. Indian lecturer speaks to students.Brazil's Professor Ernesto Leme, speaksat the UN.The city of Sao Paulo, Brazil.The University of Sao Paulo. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The Center for Physical Research. Clock tower of Brazil Central Station in Rio. Sutan Sjahrir,of Indonesia at the United Nations. An animated map shows nations interested in atomic energy. The UN Headquarters building on the East River in New York. A person looking through a microscope.Foreign scientists attending indoctrination courses at the U.S. Argonne National Laboratory. Diplomats sign agreement between the U.S. and Philippines on nuclear research(July 27, 1955).Views of Geneva Switzerland;the Palace of Nations; and Indian nuclear physicist, Homi Jehangir Bhabha, presiding over conference of scientists from 73 nations, including, inter alia, John Cockcroft, of Great Britain; Otto Hahn, of Germany; Willard Libby, of the U.S.A.;. Vladimir Vexler, of the Soviet Union; and Niels Bohr, of Denmark.President Dwight Eisenhower views swimming pool reactor, while visiting the exhibit hall.