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Brunn Czechoslovakia 1938 stock footage and images

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Jewish families banished from Brunn, Czechoslavakia, by Nazis. Italian colonists depart depart Naples for Libya

80 Jewish families banished by the Nazis in Brunn, Czechoslovakia. Jewish people at No Man's Land near the border. Jewish woman wipes tears.Naples, Italy, thousands of colonists, comprising 1800 families, are brought from farms to colonize the Italian possession of Libya in North Africa. They board the steamship, SS Piemonte,for voyage to Libya. Family groups are seen moving across the pier and boarding the ship. Passengers wave from the ship and well-wishers wave from the shore as the ship leaves the pier. View of the ship's captain on the bridge. A warship in the harbor fires a gun in salute. Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini, in military uniform, stands on the pier and bids the colonists farewell. Several ships bearing colonists are seen underway, leaving Naples.

Date: 1938, November 14
Duration: 1 min 5 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Adolf Hitler's plans and actions for conquest of Austria and Czech Sudetenland; events leading up to and through Munich Pact

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler ascending stairs to the Bergfhof, accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering, and followed by other high ranking Nazi officers. Inside, General staff officers begin briefing Hitler about plans for German expansion Eastward. Finger points to Austria on map. Next, on March 12, 1938, Border Guards are seen dismantling barriers at the border as German troops march into Austria. German aircraft fly overhead. Hitler stands in his open touring car as it drives into Vienna, where local people line the sidewalk, and welcome him with the Nazi salute. Maps depict the fall of Austria and illustrate the anticipated conquest of Czechoslovakia. Brief overlay image of Bismark as narrator quotes him about Bohemia being key to control of Europe. German troops advancing up steep mountainous terrain. German soldiers on horseback and wagons passing road sign pointing to cities of Karlovy Vary and Cheb, in the west Bohemia region of Czechoslovakia. Czech troops marching in formation with shouldered arms. View of Czech Avia B-534 warplanes at an airfield. Interior of a Czech Skoda works munitions factory. President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, signing papers at his desk. French lancers marching in formation, on parade. (Narrator comments on French military alliances with Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.) View of warships in British fleet. Hitler outdoors, surrounded by German military officers, looking over large maps. Animated map highlights the "Sudetenlands" bordering Germany, including districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and parts of Silesia inside Czechoslovakia, where use of German language was common. Street scene from that area showing some youths in uniforms, marching. Hitler giving speech about bringing the German people together again. The uniformed youth marching at a camp. Sign erected on stone wall at the camp reads: "Die Faune ist mehr als der..."(the flag is more than ...) Youth in Naval garb march on a street with a Nazi flags. Spectators give Nazi salutes. Young men in Khaki uniforms march with Nazi symbols. Scenes shift to similar parades in Norway, Sweden,China,and the United States. Back in Czechoslovakia, Hitler reaches down from his podium to shake hands with parading youth. Images of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Senator Robert Wagner, Wendell Wilkie, Henry J. Kaiser, and American military members, superimposed on American flags. Sudentenland Nazi supporters marching. Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, Sudeten German politician, with a Nazi officer. More views of Sudeten Nazi supporters. Nazis in an office showing blackjacks. Hospitalized Czechs who suffered at hands of Nazi supporters in street fights. Hitler speaking before the Bundestag. Closeup of Joseph Goebbels.Foreign minister Maxine Lichtenhof speaking to League of Nations meeting announcing Russia's readiness to back action against Germany. Czech borders being closed. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arriving by plane in Munich. Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Hermann Goering with Chamberlain, at the meeting to sign the Munich Agreement. View of protests by people in the streets of Czechoslovakia. French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Chamberlain, both being praised by countrymen upon their respective returns from Munich. (Chamberlain seen arriving just before giving famous "peace for our time" speech.)

Date: 1938, September
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Remilitarized Germany crosses Rhine in violation of Treaty of Versailles; annexation of Austria and Czechoslovakia by Germany.

Scenes from Nuremberg Trials, including footage of prior events being discussed in the trials. Nazi officer reads an announcement to Hilter and Nazi leadership confirming the March 7, 1936 occupation and remilitarization of the Rhineland by the German Army, and the loyalty of the German Army. German Army rally and parade is held in Nuremberg. Soldiers march and goosestep, along with Nazi leadership such as Hermann Goering, while Hitler speaks assuring peaceful intentions by Germany. German officials Goering, Rader, and von Neurath arrive at special meeting with Hitler and Generals von Blomberg and von Fritsch in November 1937 to plan conquer of Czechoslovakia and Austria. Tall meeting chamber doors under armed guard. Scenes from February 1938 Berchtesgaden meeting arranged by von Papen with Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg, Hitler, Keitel, and von Ribbentrop walking on grounds. Car approaches Berghof. Guido Schmidt, former foreign minister of Austria seen at the meeting, and then seen on stand testifying at Nuremberg trials concerning Hitler's decision to annex Austria. Scenes of German troops marching and a night-time rally parade in Austria. View of Schuschnigg on March 9, 1938 at podium during meeting announcing a plebiscite vote on Austrian independence. Views of German newspaper headlines denouncing the plebiscite and demanding Schuschnigg's resignation. Crowd surrounds new Chancellor Arthur von Seyss-Inquart with Nazi salutes following Schuschnigg's resignation. Next is scenes of March 12, 1938 German Anschluss annexation of Austria. Initial German forces seen meeting some resistance by Austrian citizens. Germany army rolling into Austria and dismantling border gates. Hitler memo announces intent to annex Czechoslovakia. Operation Green leader Konrad Henlein seen walking in parade with officials. Scenes of Munich Pact signing ceremony. Czech President Hacha walks with Nazi leaders and enters car for meeting to hear German ultimatum. Map shows lands grabbed by German

Date: 1938
Duration: 8 min 32 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Hitler Speech, Berlinersportpalast, On the Situation of the Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia, 26 September 1938

Hitler declares a policy on Sudetenland on 26th September, 1938. He speaks at the Berlinersportpalast, Berlin, Germany. Newspaper headlines about Sudetenland. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler from a podium. The insignia of the Nazi Party on the stage. The flags of the Nazi Party. People seated in the hall listen to his speech. Banner expressing the Party slogan: One People, One Realm, One Leader.

Date: 1938, September 26
Duration: 1 min 27 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Actions of Axis and Allied powers on brink of World War II in period 1937-1939.

Japanese troops parade for Emperor Hirohito, mounted upon a white horse. Italian troops goosestep and German troops goosestep on parade. View of Austrian town with snow-covered Alps mountains in background as German troops enter on March 13, 1938. Local citizens welcome them, displaying swastika flags and giving Nazi straight arm salutes. Troops, military vehicles, tanks, motorcycles, and horse-drawn artillery comprise the German invading force. Shifts to Spain, where war torn buildings reflect effects of German and Italian intervention during the Spanish Civil War. A donkey standing near field artillery piece. Artillery being fired from an urban park in Spain. Artilleryman using a range finder. German gun crew with heavy artillery piece. Soldiers wearing Adrian steel helmets, firing a two-wheeled water-cooled machine gun. Spanish carrying wounded on stretcher. Spanish civilians inadvertently slain during civil war conflict. Starving dog walking in street. Huge poster of Francisco Franco and view of him on reviewing stand saluting marching Nationalist troops. Repeat of Hirohito reviewing troops and Italian and German troops goosestep. Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini stand together in open car heading to Fuhrerbau in Munich, Germany, for signing of Agreement between Germany, Italy, Britain, and France in 1938.Neville Chamberlain, and Edouard Daladier riding in car to Fuhrerbau. Views of the principals signing the accords. Hermann Goering seen. In Italy, Mussolini waves to cheering crowd from balcony. German troops enter Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia) greeted by joyous ethnic German inhabitants.German military brass band playing in open trucks. Signpost pointing to Prag; Eger; Joachimsta; and Komotau. German troops marching into Prague.Italian Destroyer in port, as Italy invades Albania in 1939. An Italian L3/33 tankette being unloaded from a ship.Bicycle troops riding in Albania. German gun position overlooking river. Hitler at Reichstag mocks Roosevelt plea to stop invasions.

Date: 1938
Duration: 4 min 59 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Life in Britain on eve of War. Chamberlain, Hitler and Mussolini signing the Munich Agreement during World War II.

An Allied propaganda film to solidify Anglo-American solidarity within the ranks as well as to counter Nazi propaganda aimed at weakening the alliance shows British soldiers in Great Britain during World War 2. 1938: in the United States New York Yankees win the pennant in baseball; scene of Yankees team members shaking hands. View of aviator Douglas Corrigan nicknamed Wrong Way Corrigan after his accidental flight from New York to Ireland instead of California as planned. View of trains on the 6th Avenue Elevated (or Sixth Avenue El) before that service was halted in Manhattan New York City. British citizens go about their daily life. Derby horse race in a stadium. A British boy and his father shovel dirt for a backyard garden. Players play a football (soccer) game at Wembley Stadium in England as spectators cheer the 1938 FA Cup Final with Preston North End taking the Cup versus Huddersfield Town as George Mutch scores the winning goal. Scenes in Germany: People cheer for German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and give Nazi salute. Newspaper headlines about Czech occupation. Graves in a cemetery. British Prime Minister Arthur Neville Chamberlain, Adolf Hitler Italian Prime Minister Benito Mussolini sign the Munich Agreement. Despite a peace agreement Hitler invades Czechoslovakia. People read 'Military Training Act, 1939'. British soldiers march along a road. View of Adolf Hitler smiling and laughing. Artillery is fired. A poster reads 'Britain Declares War on Germany'. Airplanes in flight and drop leaflets over Germany. German airplanes in flight. Parachutists jump from the airplanes. Hitler talks to officers and considers the war to be over. Radio news broadcast of the British declaration of war on Germany by Neville Chamberlain. Many different British citizens and families shown in living rooms and work places gathered around radios to hear the so called "We shall fight on the beaches" speech of Winston Churchill on June 4, 1940.

Date: 1943
Duration: 4 min 33 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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