On January 30, 1945, 121 members of the 6th Ranger Battalion and 286 Filipino guerrillas are seen setting out on a 30 mile trek behind Japanese lines, to free Allied prisoners of war (POWs) and civilians from a Japanese camp near Cabanatuan City, in the Philippines, during World War 2. They stretch out in a long, informal column as they traverse low flat lands and ford a wide shallow river. The men carry weapons and supplies (some on their heads) as they move along, almost like a Safari. Scene shifts to rescued prisoner, Major Emil P. Reed, U.s. Army Medical Corps,26th Cavalry. He was the senior officer among prisoners at the Cabanatuan prison camp number 1. He recounts being told by the Japanese Commandant that commencing January 7th, they were free at their own risk, but also assured them they would not be molested by the Japanese if they stayed within their regular camp area. Sergeant Samuel E. Goldy, Signal Corps, also speaks a few words about that period when Japanese were departing. Next the camera records the Rangers and Filipino guerillas returning with the approximately 500 freed POWs. Some Filipino women and children watch them return. At one point, the cadre climb aboard army trucks and continue their journey in a convoy. The POWs climb down from their trucks at the 92nd Evacuation Hospital, in Guimba, Luzon. Some take pleasure is simply lying down on the grass at the site. Many gather around hospital staff handing out packages of treats, including cigarettes, candy and the like. A couple of them express pleasure as they smoke cigarettes. Two frail and injured are seen hobbling with canes. Some appear seriously malnourished. A group are seen trying on new clothes. A British prisoner, Sergeant Robert Bell, Manchester Regiment, British Army, speaks of his experience. He was taken prisoner in Singapore and sent to Thailand where he worked to build a railway for the Japanese. Many prisoners died there from disease and malnutrition. He was one of a small number who survived after being on a Japanese ship with other prisoners when it was sunk by American dive bombers. Sergeant Walter Ring, of San Roque, Luzon, is seated, relaxed on a chair, as he recounts his experiences. Two young Filipino boys sit on the grass at his feet. He reaches to one, whom he says is his son Louis and to the other, his son Sam. His captivity began on Bataan in 1942. Finally, after rest and rehabilitation, the former POWs are seen heading away from the battle fronts to be transported back to the U.S.A.
United States prisoners after being released from a Japanese prison camp at Cabanatuan in the Philippines during World War II. 511 Allied prisoners after being liberated from the Japanese prison camp. Soldiers get off a truck. Liberated soldiers share their experiences of the life at Japanese prison camps. Sergeant Robert speaks that he was taken prisoner in Singapore. He says that a number of prisoners lost their lives due to diphtheria, cholera and other diseases. He was taken to Thailand and brought back to Singapore from where the prisoners went aboard a Japanese ship. Majority of the prisoners lost their lives after the Japanese ship was sunk due to American air attack near Luzon. Then he was taken to the Cabanatuan prison camp. Another liberated prisoner Sergeant Samuel Goldy expresses gladness on being released by the Americans after 3 years of imprisonment.
Families at harbor waiting for the troop transport ships. United States soldiers and liberated prisoners of war on ship. San Francisco's Golden Gate Bridge and harbor in background with Coit Tower atop Telegraph Hill. Troop ships arrive and crowd cheers. Japanese soldiers bonzai cheer and Japanese forces bomb and take control of Corregidor. Japanese planes bombing. Ambulance carries wounded. United States soldier loses his arm during a Japanese aerial attack on Corregidor. General Wainwright surrendering in Corregidor in May 1942. United States flag lowered by Japanese and Japanese flag is hoisted. Wreckage of bombed U.S. facilites. Japanese propaganda film showing care for wounded American soldiers on hospital beds. Prisoners eat food. Wounded American soldiers walk with crutches on the grounds of the prison camp. Bataan Death March of the emaciated prisoners. American military prisoners at Cabanatuan labor and sleep on open air bunks. Scene of U.S. Army training early in World War 2 with troops in a field setting a machine gun emplacement to fire at rolling trucks relabeled as "Tank". Japanese propaganda newsreels showing Japanese military success in Philippines and Japanese forces in the Aleutian Islands. Aerial view formation of U.S. Army Air Force B-25 bombers in the sky. Aerial side view of American bomber aircraft and bombs away view. Navy bombing from ships. General MacArthur returns to Philippines and wades ashore. Philippine guerrillas and U.S. troops in battle to retake Philippines. U.S. prisoners of war liberated and freed and at 92nd Evacuation Hospital Cebu. Released prisoners on ships to America. WAC women hand out mail. Soldiers write telegram wires announcing arrival. Ship docks in San Francisco. Prisoners reunite with happy families and crowds on streets cheer their arrival. Soldiers and civilians walk on Market Street in San Francisco. Welcome home parade for San Francisco soldiers during WWII. Soldiers waving from buses in parade. Soldier in front of Marina Junior High School, 3500 Fillmore Street. One armed, disabled soldier with parents views photo album.
U.S. prisoners of war being escorted back to American lines, by Rangers of the U.S. Army 6th Battalion, Alamo Scouts, and Filipino guerrillas, after being freed from the Japanese prison at Cabanatuan, Philippines, in a daring raid behind Japanese lines, during World War 2. The rescuers stand with the freed prisoners. Some released prisoners march along and some prisoners ride in carabao carts. Trees in the area. Thatched huts in the background. Local women and children watch the liberated prisoners.
American prisoners of war in Cabanatuan, Philippines. Exterior of a building. The liberated prisoners await hospital treatment. They stand near a military vehicle. They discuss amongst themselves. A man suffering from beri-beri disease smokes. The prisoners drink water from a hand pump. They stand in a line to take their meals. Men seated at tables write on a paper. They take out cartons of hidden Red Cross supplies. They take out the food packets and eat food.
Wreckage in Cabanatuan, Philippines. Exterior of a destroyed building. Men walk outside the building. Interior of the building. Trees in the area.