German troops in Italy during World War 2. A map of Italy. Shells being loaded into an artillery piece and being fired as German troops retreat from Calabria. StuG IIIG and Marder II tank destroyers engage the Allies. Smoke rises due to the firing. German troops retreating from Calabria fight in the streets.
Allied aircraft in Italy during World War II. Aerial views of moving trucks being strafed by Allied aircraft. Trucks on roads strafed, smoke rises. A man aboard an aircraft as he holds a reconnaissance picture of Calabria, the toe of Italy.
In Calabria, poor people gather to receive land in a random drawing. The land is being redistributed after years of feudal ownership. Land in Calabria that has become desert through neglect is shown.
Rain washes away topsoil on lands that have been neglected in Calabria. Views of the poor in Calabria, including children. A boy feeds pigs. Woman stand in the doorways of their houses. Pheasants view postings and newspaper articles announcing land reform. A surveyor maps out sections of large pieces of land that are to be redistributed to the poor. Machinery clears the land to make it ready for farming.
Survey and clearing of farm land in Calabria. Farming vehicles including tractors are brought into Calabria by train. People on tractors in the field. People using modern technology adopted by the government to make the land fit for farming. Farmers with a diagram. Farmers discuss among themselves and working in the field. Families walk towards a farm. The men and a boy dig while the women dispose of the mud. A man smoking cigar in front of a house. Farmers with a sack of wheat as they take the grains in their palms. Men load logs into horse cart. A horse man supervises work in a field. Men peeling the bark of a tree trunk. Men shear sheep for wool.
The Allied Campaign in Italy during World War II. The campaign begins on September 23,1943. British 8th Army troops get onto ships . British 8th Army Commander General Bernard Montgomery. British soldiers land in Calabria, Italy. 8th Army troops advance. Supreme Allied Commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower aboard a ship. The Italian fleet surrenders. U.S. 5th Army soldiers loaded in a ship under the command of U.S. Army General Mark Clark as they head for Salerno, Italy. Allied aircraft provide a cover to the convoy underway at sea. German soldiers and equipment in Salerno. Allied troops land at a beach as the Germans open a heavy fire. Explosions occur at the beach. Allied naval guns are fired at German positions. Nazi aircraft attack to disrupt Allied landings. Royal Air Force and B-17s of the U.S. 9th Air Force aircraft in flight. Aerial view of bombs exploding on German positions. Dead soldiers at the beach. 8th Army soldiers advance inland. Artillery being fired. General Mark Clark with the soldiers after gaining the beachhead. 8th and 5th Army soldiers advance into Italy. A map depicts the position of Foggia, an Allied stronghold.