A man and a model of airplane in GALCIT wind tunnel, California, United States. The model plane is suspended in wind tunnel powered by a large four-bladed fan. Several airplane models are seen in the wind tunnel. A technician adjusts a balance, amid measuring devices outside the wind tunnel, during operation. Models of sea planes lie on a table. Man carries a pontoon model.
Hard times in the Great Depression led to formation of The Bonus Army. American veterans of World War 1 march on streets of Washington DC, carrying a large poster demanding immediate cash redemption their "bonus" service certificates awarded by Congress in 1924 (but not lawfully payable until 1945). Army Chief of Staff, General Douglas MacArthur, ordered by President Hoover, to clear the Bonus Army encampments, is seen standing in a street surrounded by several U.S. Army troops. People watch from sidewalks as a contingent of U.S. Army cavalry rides down the street. U.S. Army M-1917 tanks roll down Pennsylvania Avenue in July 1932. Bonus marchers and others watch from Lafayette Park in background. Scene shifts to the 1932 Democratic Party Convention in Chicago Stadium, Chicago, where delegates cheer after nominating Franklin D. Roosevelt as their Presidential candidate. Roosevelt seen waving from the podium. Migrant farm workers seen at temporary, dilapidated dwellings in close quarters, and sitting at a campfire, some with sad and desperate faces. Migrant farm workers' cars on the road, piled high with family belongings during westward migration. Migrants riding atop an open railroad freight car. Two men share a copy of the "Epic News" newspaper (published by supporters of Upton Sinclair and the End Poverty Movement in Los Angeles and central California). Narrator describes programs of the Works Progress Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC). Construction workers ignite demolition charges during construction of Boulder Dam (aka Hoover Dam and officially so-named in 1947). Glimpse of President Roosevelt at the site in an open car, for its dedication on September 30, 1935. Construction workers engaged in building the dam. Another shot of President Roosevelt in his open car. Towers being erected to carry electric power from the dam's hydroelectric generators. President Franklin D. Roosevelt smiling broadly at the formal dedication ceremony, September 30, 1935. Controlled discharges of water through the dam. Views of the Boulder Dam hydroelectric generating station. Oil well rigs or oil derricks at work during construction at night. People at work in fabric mills or textile mills, and in a print shop
Scenes showing various historical events that took place in April 1935. In Stresa, Italy, on the banks of Lake Maggiore, leaders of Britain, France and Italy confer on German rearmament, in violation and defiance of the Versailles Treaty. (There they sign the "Stresa Front"). Images show the French and British delegations arriving by boat and walking near the port at Stresa, including British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald, French Prime Minister Pierre Etienne Flandin, and French Foreign Minister (President of the Council of Ministers) Pierre Laval. U.S. College students across the country join in anti-war, pacifist demonstrations. They are seen marching with banners and anti-war signs and cartoons. One banner reads, "It is the task of the 20th century to make this world a brotherhood." Also "War is Hell....Who want to go to hell?" and "War is Stupid". President Franklin Roosevelt returns from a two week cruise. He arrives in Jacksonville Florida. Local officials and crowds in Jacksonville greet him and cheer. Boy Scouts in a line greet the President. Views of Franklin Roosevelt in an open car and on ships and docks. Al Smith and Herbert Hoover share the speaker's stage in New York lending their support for the Salvation Army during the Depression. Scenes from the Easter Parade in New York City. Crowds gather, filling double-decker open air buses. Al Smith seen with his wife. Postmaster General James Farley and Irish tenor singer John McCormack are seen on Fifth Avenue in New York. Amelia Earhart completes a 1700-mile flight from Burbank, California to Mexico City. Scenes of her in Mexico City in a car laden down with celebrating Mexican officials. Aviatrix Bernadine King sets a new record for upside down endurance flying. She is seen getting into her plane, and her plane is seen upside down in the air.
Burlesque dancer Sally Rand (Hattie Helen Gould Beck) and her dance troupe perform the Bubble Dance at the San Diego Expo (the California Pacific International Exposition) in Balboa Park in 1935. Ms. Rand and her dancers perform at a fountain of the Plaza del Pacifico, with the California State Building in the background (which became the San Diego Automotive Museum in 1988)
Provisions of the Social Security Act, 1935 in the United States. The Capitol of the United States, in Washington, DC. Scenes of Americans suffering during the Great Depression. Industrial plants closing putting people out of work. Unemployed and needy Americans lined up for a meal at a soup kitchen. The Social Security Act,1935 its provisions provides immediate aid to the needy, aged, blind and dependent children. A diagrammatic presentation depicts: the procedure by which the jobless and needy will receive monthly income through joint cooperation of the Federal and the State Governments. A postman hands over monthly income to a blind man and a dependent child at their house. Other provision of the act is the Old Age Benefits. A diagrammatic presentation depicts: the procedure by which the worker will receive benefits at the age of 65 years. To apply for a Social Security Account Number, one has to fill out an application and deposit it at any labor organization or post office. Animation shows how one fills out an application. At a post office, officers assist a man in filling out his application. Workers receiving their social security cards from their employers: a soda jerk at a soda fountain receives his and shows it. A man and a woman show theirs. A boss gives a factory worker his new social security card, along with his pay envelope. A man working at a bench receives his from his employer. A projectionist in a movie theater projection booth receives his card from his employer. A number of the cards is shown. An older retired man and woman are shown relaxing at home by their fireplace.
Achievements of American women in 1935. Eleanor Holm Jarrett in a Miami swim meet. She performs backstroke and breaks her own record. A close up of Jarrett. Next segment: Amelia Earhart conquers the Pacific in a historic flight from Hawaii to Oakland California. Earhart emerges from cockpit. People crowd around the plane. A close up of Amelia Earhart receiving flowers from crowd and later posing for photographers. From a December 14, 1959 newsreel recounting events 25 years earlier.