Allied campaign in Italy during World War 2. Supreme Commander of the Allied forces General Dwight D. Eisenhower emerges from War Room tent, with General Mark Clark, on the central front in Italy. An officer briefs the General. A map of Italy depicts the location of Cassino and Rome. The map depicts the course of the Rapido River and the Allied strategy to drive away the Germans from the area. Allied soldiers fight in the streets and at "Hangmans Hill". British soldiers in combat. British medics try to assist a wounded comrade. Damaged buildings and wounded soldiers. A map of Italy depicts Allied landings at Anzio. An LST ( Landing Ship Tank) beached at Anzio as American and British troops unload. German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and General Field Marshal Albert Kesselring of Germany. Allied equipment advances in Anzio. German soldier divisions are seen advancing on roads to attack the new Allied threat to their flank. German Luftwaffe fighters seen overhead as they bomb an Allied convoy in a harbor in Anzio. Aerial closeup of German Junkers JU 87 dive bomber aircraft as it dives toward Allied ships. On ship view of Allied navy guns on ships opening fire on attacking Nazi German airplanes. View from beach of may explosions at and near Allied ships in harbor. Aerial view of formation of German aircraft diving toward battle. Closeup view of British antiaircraft gun operator as he sights cross hairs and presses foot control to open fire on German aircraft. Buildings and military vehicles near Allies on beach blown up and on fire during air raid. A DUKW ( amphibious truck ) burns in a street. Allied soldiers fight against the Germans, holding the beach. The Allies lay down an artillery barrage. Dead and injured soldiers of the Allied Army. Ship packed with injured U.S. Army soldiers on the deck moves toward a hospital ship anchored off shore. Allied prisoner soldiers (most American POWs) taken prisoner by the Germans are marched on a street under German guard. In Cassino, Germans continue to hold Benedictine Monastery atop hill in Cassino. Aerial view of American B-27 bomber aircraft as Allied air raid drops bombs on and near the Abbey to drive out the Germans. Bombs impact and billows of smoke rise up. Nearly 543 Allied aircraft bombard the city of Cassino one month later to attack the remaining Nazis. Allied forces prepare for an all out assault. Supply convoys seen moving on roads toward front. British and Polish troops marching toward front. Additional American forces marching. French Expeditionary Corps soldiers taking up positions. Equipment arrives and soldiers being regrouped for the assault. The assault is launched and Allied artillery fire seen lighting up the sky at night with brilliant flashes and explosions on May 11, 1944. Allied commander Field Marshal Harold Alexander looks on as Allied forces push forward on the morning of May 12.
Germans defend Cassino and Monte Cassino abbey in Italy during World War II. Cassino Monastery before U.S. Attack. U.S. bombs burst in Cassino Monastery. Ruins of Cassino Monastery. German officers with abbot of Cassino in a car. Officers salute him as car driven away. German officers and abbot of Cassino. Ruins and bombed buildings of Cassino. Men inspects ruins and evacuate casualties.
Allied campaign in Italy during World War II. A map of Italy depicts how the Allied Army shattered the Gustav Line and the Allied attack on Cassino. Soldiers fire artillery in Cassino. On May 18th 1944 Cassino fell resulting in Allied victory. Prisoners of war being taken. Dead German soldiers on streets. German soldiers seated together appearing dejected and exhausted. A map of Italy depicts Allied activities along the coast of Italy on May 23. Allied soldiers smile.
Montage of scenes recorded after the Battle of Monte Cassino in World War 2. Opening scene shows British 19th RHQ tank in Mignano Montelungo, as the 24th New Zealand Battalion re-enacts its entry into the ruins of Monte Cassino, on March 26, 1944. In this restaging, 24th Battalion infantrymen are shown moving through rubble of destroyed town, firing small arms and one throwing a hand grenade. Narrator identifies "Hangman's Hill," (which was held by the 1st battalion 9th Gurkha Rifles) at Monte Cassino. In this restaging , New Zealanders, scramble over rubble, and dig out a "wounded" comrade, while explosions occur in background. Medics "attend" to him. Other NZ troops fire small arms from behind rubble barriers. A huge explosion occurs in background. A British artillery piece (obscured by debris) fires rounds. Infantrymen fire small arms. A camouflaged British tank fires its gun. In change of scene, other British troops advance cautiously near a damaged building and take several German soldiers prisoner. View of the destroyed Monte Cassino monastery and castle on Castle Heights. Ruins of building adjacent to the "Hotel Excelsior,"below the castle. Several medics with Red Cross flag in distant rubble. Views from destroyed Monastery atop the mountain.
Germans in Italy for religious propaganda during World War II. Map of Italy. German troops on Italian font. Despite an Allied attack, bring up supplies by mule and truck to reinforce their positions. Military action of German troops for religious propaganda. Cassino Monastery before U.S. Attack. U.S. bombs burst on Cassino Monastery. Ruins of Cassino Monastery. German troops escort Abbot Gregorian Di Mare to Vatican city from the ruins of Monte Cassino. German officers and Abbot of Cassino. Ruins and wreckage in Castle Gandolfo. Men inspect ruins and evacuate casualties. Dead bodies of women and children.
Documents the battle for Cassino, Italy. Artillery being fired. Smoke at hill. Views of Cassino town. Model of the area explains positions and tactics. Warnings being shot to citizens. Crew load explosives in artillery shells. U.S. Army Air Forces B-17, B-24, B-29 and various kinds of airplanes being used to demolish the city. Explosion occur at top of hill. Soldiers look from concealed area. Monte Cassino Monastery being bombed on February 18, 1944. Different artillery being used to demolish the city. Giant artillery and equipment being moved by crane. Soldier emplace explosives in land. Location of each microphone being selected for better reaction. It is being checked by soldiers. Cylinder being connected and packed into a water tight pack. Soldiers camouflage it by roof. Soldiers at a command post. They plan at a table. They check the enemy position over a map. Planes in formation flight. Planes drop bombs over target . Explosion occurs over target and smoke clouds rise. Ruins of buildings. News headlines of paper: Big drive on in Italy.