1920 photograph of Nguyen Ai Quoc, Vietnamese Nationalist, with two comrades. A letter from him to comrades in 1924, written in China. Images of French and English newspaper articles about Nguyen Ai Quoc, referring to him as an Annamite. A 1931 handwritten dossier compiled on Nguyen Ai Quoc. Picture of him with associates.
Film opens showing reenactment of Japanese attack ostensibly against Formosa, in 1894. Japanese troops and artillery are shown. The event is depicted in a critical political cartoon. Next, Japanese Admiral Heihachiro Togo is seen in 1904, standing with other naval officers. Then, Japanese warships are shown, firing barrages of naval gunfire at the Russian fleet in Port Arthur, Manchuria. Huge black clouds arise from burning ships. Scenes of Japanese people celebrating their naval victory. Date shifts to 1910. Cartoon depicts Japanese annexation of Korea. Cartoon illustrates Japanese actions in World War I when, siding with the Allies, Japan acquired the German-held Shandong (Shantung) Peninsula of China, as well as German-held Marianas, Carolines, and Marshalls islands in the Pacific. Japanese representatives are seen participating in Post World War 1 international activities. They signed the so-called Five-Power,Four-Power, and Nine-Power treaties, and participated in the League of Nations. Glimpse of two Japanese officers, followed by cartoon depiction of the Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands, that Japan insisted on keeping. Cartoon shows them being fortified. A Japanese military marching band parades down a city street while being cheered by spectators on the sidewalks. Next, Japanese military General, Baron Tanaka Giichi, is seen in uniform with other officers. Cartoon illustrates the so-called Tanaka Memorial document that Baron Tanaka allegedly presented to the Emperor, in 1927, outlining a strategy to conquer the world. Cartoon then illustrates plan of conquest by acquiring Chinese manpower; Manchurian iron and coal; Siberian timber, coal, wheat, and metals; Tin,oil and rubber from Malaysia and the East Indies. The United States is shown as the last conquest. Views of ordinary farm and factory activities in the U.S. Cars parked in the Ford Motor Company factory lot. Japanese officials and legislators meeting in the Diet (Parliament). Japanese theater-goers and a Japanese woman singing with an American-style band, are shown as examples of activities the Japanese Government sought to discourage. A Japanese female ensemble in traditional dress, playing traditional instruments, is shown as more desirable. Western dancing and movies are shown and narrator states they were forbidden. Japese movie scene depicts ancient martial arts. A musical production displays German swastika flag and that of the Kingdom of Italy. Japanese men are shown playing the ancient game of Chu Shogi, instead of playing Western card games. People are shown in a library, where Western books are replaced by more militaristic tomes, such as: "If we fight" by Admiral Shinsaku Hirata, March 15, 1930 (shown on film slate). Slate goes on to quote about attack on Hawaii as the first battle in war of the Pacific. Film cites another approved Japanese publication: "Arguments Against American Policies" by Kawashima Seichiro, Christmas Day, 1924. It discusses distruction of the American fleet and subsequent landing on the U.S. West Coast.
U.S. Army Air Service Douglas World Cruisers (DWC) in China during their first flight around the world. Animated map reads '3rd Division, Kagoshima to Calcutta, India, distance of 4,860 miles'. Boats in a river in Shanghai. Fishing vessels in the river. The world cruisers circling in the background. Chinese men in junks row out to greet the world cruisers. A Chinese band playing. Chinese aviation officers greet Americans aviators Lieutenant Erik H. Nelson and Lt. Leigh Wade.
'Red China' depicts the living conditions in China under the Communist regime of Mao Tse-tung. A Chinese man dances with another dressed as a dragon during a performance on stage in China. Traditional Chinese pavilions and structures, including the Forbidden City. Modern Chinese buildings and structures. A map of Asia shows China. Monuments including the Great Wall in China. Farmland of the North of China. Crowded streets in China, men pull rickshaws on the streets. People dance and march during a celebration. Streets, market place and poor families on the streets. Chinese miner works in a coal mine. Strip mining for iron ore. Chinese oil production including refineries. Dances and celebration during various events. Chinese youth perform acrobatics and stunts on stage. Chinese women and children laugh and cry. Young girls learn ballet, elderly men greet each other. North China: Herdsmen with sheep. Wheat farmers harvest wheat. South China: Rice farmers in fields. Women sew, farmers pose for the camera. Women work in a factory, people on the road. Christians, Mohammedans and Buddhists pray in China. Chinese riding camels. Chairman of the Communist Party of China Mao Tse-tung reviews a parade during the "Great Leap Forward" timeframe, preceding the Cultural Revolution.
A flight around the world. A globe rotates. U.S. President Calvin Coolidge bids goodbye to army airmen. The President and Major General Mason Patrick and the fliers on a lawn of the White House, Washington DC. The journey starts from Seattle, Washington. Douglas World Cruisers ( DWC ) in flight. The DWCs parked in a bay. A forest in the background. They arrive at Chignik Bay, Alaska. The aircraft in flight. An iceberg. Lieutenant Lowell Smith stands on one of the pontoons and works with propellers on his DWC. The DWCs in flight from America to Asia. The aviators are welcomed by Japanese officials in Yetorufu, Japan. Japanese children playing in a school yard. A child has a Japanese and a U.S. flag, one in each hand. They reach Hong Kong, China. A fleet of native junks to welcome them. In Calcutta, India , a DWC taxis on water. A large number of people gather around a DWC. A crane lifts a DWC out of water. The aviators land in Constantinople. People around the aircraft. They reach Paris, France.. Aerial views of the city. Mrs. Maclaren congratulates the airmen in London, England. The crew of USS Richmond cheers the aviators. The aviators board their aircraft from a small boat. People watch as the aircraft land in Labrador, Canada. The DWCs are anchored in a bay and the aviators are brought to the shore in a boat. Naval officers greet them. The aircraft in flight over the Boston skyline. A motor launch in Boston Harbor. The DWCs land on water. The aviators arrive at the dock in the motor launch and are greeted by officials. They fly over New York. A large crowd greets the aviators at Mitchel Field, Long Island. They arrive at Bolling Field in Washington and are congratulated by President Coolidge and U.S. Secretary of War John Wingate Weeks. The three DWCs are followed by an XNBL-1 Barling bomber in flight in Dayton. Lt. Jack Harding is welcomed home. The world flight ends in Seattle, Washington. Photographers click pictures as a DWC lands. Major Martin greets aviators standing beside a DWC.
Film opens with outline map of Japan shown in contrast to 20 times larger China and figures representing China's 6 times greater population. Map of China is shown in pieces representing its numerous internal fiefdoms. In contrast, Japanese soldiers are shown marching in review before their singular leader, Emperor Hirohito and other national military leaders. Film shows contrasting 20th century characteristics of China and Japan. Sun Yat-sen, who figured prominently in post-Imperial China, and is considered the founding father of the Republic of China, is shown speaking to crowds. Narrator states that in 1911, this man fathered a peoples' revolution which brought to an end, China's ancient Imperial government. View of Chinese people marching and carrying flags and banners. Books are shown comparing China's Sun Yat-sen to America's George Washingon. Sun Yat-sen's political statement, shown in Chinese, contains words similar those in Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg address. View of schools and colleges built in the new Republic of China. Chinese students shown in libraries. A couple dining in a Chinese hotel restaurant, overlooking other buildings. A tall clock tower looms at the same height outside their window. Steel being erected for a tall building. Architects at work. Scientist looking through a microscope. Technicians at work in a chemistry laboratory. Medical staff and patients in a modern hospital. Children in school under compulsory education program. Chinese people exercising their freedoms of expression and religion. The funeral of Sun Yat-sen, in 1925, attended by his successor, Chiang Kai-shek, and other Chinese leaders in military uniforms. Chinese people attending an outdoor ceremony. Examples of areas needing modernisation. Chinese workers using manually operated machinery to process fabrics. Commercial vessel plying a river using wind and sail only. Views of steam locomotives and trains being introduced to link parts of China. Trucks moving goods over roads (still unpaved). Miners working in open air mines, digging coal and iron. Molten tin being poured from a crucible. Machines performing complex tasks in a fabric mill and women tending spinning and knitting machines. School children engaged in collective outdoor games and exercise drills. Scene shifts to Japan, where Emperor Hirohito, on a white horse, leads military leaders in reviewing Japanese forces. A formation of Japanese Model 97 medium tanks passing in review, with tank commanders saluting from their turrets. Glimpse of Japanese steel mill. Headline in World-Telegram newspaper of 14 february, 1934, reads: "Tokyo House Passes Huge Arms Budget." A Los Angeles newspaper of 23 November, 1934, expands on the same story. New Orleans Times-Picayune, Sunday, 5, May, 1936, reports that Japan is strained by its huge arms costs.