The film 'Sea power in the Pacific' showing Japanese dominance in China and at start of World War 2. Then it chronicles U.S. efforts to build Navy and fight back on sea and in the air. Opening scene shows Japanese Mitsubishi G3M (Type 96) bombers high overhead, and then closeup in formation. View from bomber of bomb bays open with bombs falling and view from ground of explosions and destruction. Overlay on film says: "China---1931." (This is not correct. The G3M bomber was not yet in service.) This film depicts Japanese attacks during second Sino-Japanese War, commencing 1937, Chinese civilians running to escape Jap;anese bombing of Singapore. Buildings destroyed and on fire. Next, Japanese troops, carrying the Rising Sun flag, are seen establishing a beachhead in an Amphibious assault. More scenes of Japanese infantry advancing through Singapore, ad it is being destroyed and burned. Soldiers charging along an alleyway, with pagoda in background. Next, Japanese soldiers are seen attacking Nanking, and committing atrocities during the so-called "Rape of Nanking," in December, 1937. Chinese civilians being summarily shot and dumped into a large open grave. Two Chinese prisoners with hands bound, being executed by rifle fire. Jubilant Japanese troops celebrating their victory. Map shows areas of China occupied during second Sino-Japanese war and the East Indies to the South. View of oil tanks; an open pit tin mine; a native cutting rubber tree bark to collect latex. Flags on map show regions of English, French, and Dutch colonial interest. It also shows Islands to the East, fortified by the Japanese. Cartoon shows Japanese soldier opposed by and American sailor (representing U.S. Sea Power). Next, famous images of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, December 7, 1941, are shown, including the USS Arizona burning and sinking. Hawaii, Midway, Wake, and the Philippines Islands, are highlighted on a map and Japanese control of the Pacific is illustrated. Japanese soldiers are seen displaying a captured American flag. U.S. Lieutenant General Jonathan M. Wainwright is seen surrendering the garrison at Corregidor, on May 6, 1942. View of Japanese General Masahara Homma discussing surrender terms with Wainright. Map shows interlocking web of Japanese fortified bases in Pacific and need for seapower to oppose it. View of American shipyard with hundreds of workers, employed to build ships for the war effort, in World War 2. Views welding, metal fabrication, and other shipbuilding activity. A new ship going down the ways and a woman christening a new ship with splash from bottle of champagne. A new "Liberty Ship," the Richard Bassett, going down the ways at Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard Inc. Baltimore, Maryland. Closeup view as the stern of another ship enters the water upon launching. View of it from a distance. Shipyard workers knock supports from under what may be a landing craft, as it is launched. Japanese warships underway in the Pacific and firing their naval guns. Explosions on a shoreline from naval bombardment. Japanese infantry wading ashore during an amphibious assault. Map shows where Japanese forces attempt an amphibious assault on Southern New Guinea, thwarted by the U.S. Navy in the battle of the Coral Sea of May, 1942. In June, 1942, a Japanese attempt against Midway Island, was again checked by the U.S. Navy in the Battle of Midway. View of USS Wasp (CV-7) carrier deck filled with airplanes, including Grumman F4F Wildcats. A Douglas SBD Dauntless dive bomber being cleared for takeoff from the Wasp. Gun camera film showing Japanese airplanes being shot down by pursuing U.S. aircraft.
After brief opening scenes of U.S. ships bombed in Pearl Harbor in 1941, the clip recounts Japanese invasion of China following the September 1931 Mukden Incident, and diplomatic League of Nations efforts in 1932 to diffuse the situation. Japanese troops invade Manchuria and China. Japanese troops march with rifles in hands. Board at League of Nations entrance reads 'Societe De Nations'. Guards in uniform stand in front of a gate. Members attend the League of Nations meeting. Japanese delegates leave after resigning. Japanese air raid in China. Japanese troops invade Shanghai. Fleet of Japanese aircraft in flight. They bomb over Chinese targets. Chinese troops moving in mass on the Great Wall of China.
Japanese army officers examining foreign military equipment. A Japanese worker employing electric drill developed in a Western country. The Japanese freighter, Tatsuno Maru, loading scrap iron at a port in the United States. Other Japanese freighters loading coal and oil for shipment back to Japan. View of the Washington Naval Conference in Memorial Continental Hall, Washington, DC, held in 1921-22 and again in 1927 and 1930, to deal with several lingering issues. Glimpse of Japanese people holding flags while gathered near the Imperial Palace in Tokyo. Glimpse of Japanese army troops on parade. Japanese Navy warships at sea. A fleet of Japanese Mitsubishi G3M bombers and Nakajima Ki-27 pursuit planes, parked on an airfield. A loose formation of Ki-27s airborne. Animated map illustrates Japanese fortification of Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall islands in the Pacific. Animated map illustrating China's greater size and population vis-a-vis Japan. Animated map illustrating Japanese occupation of Manchuria in 1931. New York Times newspaper with headline "Japs Seize Manchuria" hovers over fires burning in Manchuria. Other newspaper headlines reporting on Mussolini's invasion of Ethiopia; the Spanish civil war; surrender of Czechoslovakia; invasion of Poland; Nazi assaults on France, Belgium, and the Netherlands; the London Blitz; and Nazi advances against Russia on the Eastern Front. Fnally, a Boston Hearald extra edition headline reports: "Pearl Harbor Bombed." A still photograph of Japanese Baron Tanaka Giichi (on left) with two other dignitaries, circa 1929. Japanese infantry streaming into Manchuria and then celebrating as they walk into local town. A busy street in a Chinese city. Japanese soldiers in Manchuria escorting local prisoners along a street. Animated map illustrating Japananese warships surrounding harbor of Shanghai, China. View from a Japanese ship bombarding Shanghai. Smoke rising from shell striking on Shanghai waterfront. View from land of severely damaged buildings on a street, and a shell exploding in background, as Chinese defenders move to successfully repel the Japanese forces. New map illustrates subsequent Japanese move, annexing Jehol, from occupied Manchukuo, and Korea. Japanese troops entering a town in Jehol. Sun newspaper headline: "League Censures Japan." Chinese diplomat protesting at League of Nations. Japanese troops exiting railroad trains in Jehol. Aisin Gioro Puyi aka Henry Pu Yi, Kangde Emperor (Kang-te Emperor) of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo, is seen saluting Japanese troops on parade. Closeup of Puyi wearing shaded glasses, looking directly into the camera. chiang Kai-shek, with other Chinese officers. Reenactment of barbarian forces riding against China and thwarted by the Great Wall. Many Chinese walking in a long line along the Great Wall. Map tracing the Great Wall across China. Aerial view of the Great Wall from overflying airplane. Japanese troops marching through a city gate; infantry climbing a sheer cliff; and helmeted Japanese soldiers marching past civilians in a city. Map illustrated progress of Chinese unification by year 1937. Japanese officers conferring during occupation. Japanese troops leave a barracks, riding in open trucks. A line of the troop trucks moving along the dirt street of a town. The troops climb from their trucks in the town.
A Japanese militaristic propaganda film about the material and spiritual strength of Japan. Narration by General of the Imperial Japanese Army Baron Sadao Araki. Map of Asia. Image of an artillery shell followed by animation of large blotch marks covering large sections of Asia. Scenes of Japanese troops marching in countryside and on railway beds. Sign in English 'Soochow'. Troops loaded into open rail cars and a steam engine pulling the train out of a station. Troops resting along a roadway, with civilians walking by among them. Some of the soldiers water and care for the horses. Many signs in Japanese in an urban center. Some depict warfare and conquering of territory. It appears to depict the 1931 Japanese invasion of Manchuria known as the Mukden Incident or the Manchurian Incident, part of the Second Sino-Japanese War. A parade on a city boulevard, with leaflets dropped everywhere blowing on the ground. A dragon costume controlled by many people. Children marching in a group. A regiment of Japanese soldiers marching in formation. An entrance way covered by the angled, draped flags of Japan and Manchukuo.
1920 photograph of Nguyen Ai Quoc, Vietnamese Nationalist, with two comrades. A letter from him to comrades in 1924, written in China. Images of French and English newspaper articles about Nguyen Ai Quoc, referring to him as an Annamite. A 1931 handwritten dossier compiled on Nguyen Ai Quoc. Picture of him with associates.
'Red China' depicts the living conditions in China under the Communist regime of Mao Tse-tung. A Chinese man dances with another dressed as a dragon during a performance on stage in China. Traditional Chinese pavilions and structures, including the Forbidden City. Modern Chinese buildings and structures. A map of Asia shows China. Monuments including the Great Wall in China. Farmland of the North of China. Crowded streets in China, men pull rickshaws on the streets. People dance and march during a celebration. Streets, market place and poor families on the streets. Chinese miner works in a coal mine. Strip mining for iron ore. Chinese oil production including refineries. Dances and celebration during various events. Chinese youth perform acrobatics and stunts on stage. Chinese women and children laugh and cry. Young girls learn ballet, elderly men greet each other. North China: Herdsmen with sheep. Wheat farmers harvest wheat. South China: Rice farmers in fields. Women sew, farmers pose for the camera. Women work in a factory, people on the road. Christians, Mohammedans and Buddhists pray in China. Chinese riding camels. Chairman of the Communist Party of China Mao Tse-tung reviews a parade during the "Great Leap Forward" timeframe, preceding the Cultural Revolution.