Film opens with outline map of Japan shown in contrast to 20 times larger China and figures representing China's 6 times greater population. Map of China is shown in pieces representing its numerous internal fiefdoms. In contrast, Japanese soldiers are shown marching in review before their singular leader, Emperor Hirohito and other national military leaders. Film shows contrasting 20th century characteristics of China and Japan. Sun Yat-sen, who figured prominently in post-Imperial China, and is considered the founding father of the Republic of China, is shown speaking to crowds. Narrator states that in 1911, this man fathered a peoples' revolution which brought to an end, China's ancient Imperial government. View of Chinese people marching and carrying flags and banners. Books are shown comparing China's Sun Yat-sen to America's George Washingon. Sun Yat-sen's political statement, shown in Chinese, contains words similar those in Abraham Lincoln's Gettysburg address. View of schools and colleges built in the new Republic of China. Chinese students shown in libraries. A couple dining in a Chinese hotel restaurant, overlooking other buildings. A tall clock tower looms at the same height outside their window. Steel being erected for a tall building. Architects at work. Scientist looking through a microscope. Technicians at work in a chemistry laboratory. Medical staff and patients in a modern hospital. Children in school under compulsory education program. Chinese people exercising their freedoms of expression and religion. The funeral of Sun Yat-sen, in 1925, attended by his successor, Chiang Kai-shek, and other Chinese leaders in military uniforms. Chinese people attending an outdoor ceremony. Examples of areas needing modernisation. Chinese workers using manually operated machinery to process fabrics. Commercial vessel plying a river using wind and sail only. Views of steam locomotives and trains being introduced to link parts of China. Trucks moving goods over roads (still unpaved). Miners working in open air mines, digging coal and iron. Molten tin being poured from a crucible. Machines performing complex tasks in a fabric mill and women tending spinning and knitting machines. School children engaged in collective outdoor games and exercise drills. Scene shifts to Japan, where Emperor Hirohito, on a white horse, leads military leaders in reviewing Japanese forces. A formation of Japanese Model 97 medium tanks passing in review, with tank commanders saluting from their turrets. Glimpse of Japanese steel mill. Headline in World-Telegram newspaper of 14 february, 1934, reads: "Tokyo House Passes Huge Arms Budget." A Los Angeles newspaper of 23 November, 1934, expands on the same story. New Orleans Times-Picayune, Sunday, 5, May, 1936, reports that Japan is strained by its huge arms costs.
Traveling route of Japanese expedition in China. Animated map shows Japan and China and route across Chinese desert to Yellow River, taken by expedition. Steamer plies ice-laden river. Automobile travels through several city gates in China. Landmarks and monuments in China.
Animated maps show route taken by Japanese expedition in China. Expedition looks at map to locate their next destination. Their Safari passes through the Chinese desert. Luggage on truck. Safari proceeds to Yellow River. Expedition unloads the truck, stuck in mud at bank of river. Truck passes away. View of mountains and entrance. Men with mules. Life and cultures of China: Views of different buildings and life of Chinese people. People with carts and camels. Traffic policeman at crossroad and signals. Landmarks and monuments in China. Sleeping statue of Buddha. Expedition seated talks. View of ceremony. Troops ride horses.
Japanese Expedition travels to Ningsia Hui by truck. Truck passes on the streets of the city. Animated map. Views of snow covered area. Expedition warms the engine of truck by fire. Life and cultures of places along the way. Various floats in ceremony. Large crowd in ceremony. Children play. Chinese people seated at table. Landmarks.
A parade in Shanghai, China. Chinese scouts parade in Shanghai, China. Mayor Wu Teh-Chen, distinguished executive of a Chinese city reviews the parade. People gather in a large number top watch the parade.
'Red China' depicts the living conditions in China under the Communist regime of Mao Tse-tung. A Chinese man dances with another dressed as a dragon during a performance on stage in China. Traditional Chinese pavilions and structures, including the Forbidden City. Modern Chinese buildings and structures. A map of Asia shows China. Monuments including the Great Wall in China. Farmland of the North of China. Crowded streets in China, men pull rickshaws on the streets. People dance and march during a celebration. Streets, market place and poor families on the streets. Chinese miner works in a coal mine. Strip mining for iron ore. Chinese oil production including refineries. Dances and celebration during various events. Chinese youth perform acrobatics and stunts on stage. Chinese women and children laugh and cry. Young girls learn ballet, elderly men greet each other. North China: Herdsmen with sheep. Wheat farmers harvest wheat. South China: Rice farmers in fields. Women sew, farmers pose for the camera. Women work in a factory, people on the road. Christians, Mohammedans and Buddhists pray in China. Chinese riding camels. Chairman of the Communist Party of China Mao Tse-tung reviews a parade during the "Great Leap Forward" timeframe, preceding the Cultural Revolution.