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China 1940 stock footage and images

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Contrast between Chinese and Japanese national aspirations before Second Sino-Japanese War and World War II

Film reviews China's 4 thousand years of history. Bucolic China scene of mountains, woods, and a farmer plowing with oxen. A mass of Chinese people tightly packed together as they walk along a narrow alleyway in a town. Fleeting glimpses of two Chinese soldiers; a child; a woman; a woman and child; and numerous other Chinese people in a montage splayed across a background of moving crowds. An open book of Chinese characters. Mariners compass superimposed on an moving image of oceanliner. Views of several large scale astralobes and world globes. A Chinese worker placing porcelainware in an oven for glazing. A man spooning gunpowder into a dish, followed by glimpse of a Chinese firework igniting. Chinese paper Dragon and street celebrations. A book entitled: "Analects of Confucius," in which, on page 105, is found the admonition: "What you do not want done to yourself, do not do to others." Ancient statues of two men and of two riderless horses behind them. Tall Chinese pagodas. Chinese artillery field pieces firing. Chinese troops advancing in several situations during conflict with Japan. Map of china and illustration of Japanese Samuri warrior emblazoned across it. A book entitled: "The Tanaka Memorial,(Japan's Dream of World Empire)." A Still photograph of Japanese Foreign Minister Baron Tanaka Giichi in military uniform, with other Japanese officers. Excerpts shown, ostensibly from this book. Emperor Hirohito is seen with Baron Tanaka, and other officers, all in military uniforms, in front of a tent, circa 1928. Automated map ostensibly illustrates the elements of a Japanese plan of conquest, starting with Manchuria for raw materials; the absorption of China for manpower; followed by a sweep South for riches of the Indies and Australia; and lastly a sweep Eastward to crush the United States. More views of crowds of Chinese people are followed by an. animated map illustrating early World War 2 events, including Nazi Operation Barbarosa against Russia, approved by Hitler in 1940, and the Nazi occupations of Denmark, Norway, and other European countries. (Note: Actual existence of the so-called "Tanaka Memorial Imperialist Conquest Plan" is a subject of debate among historians.)

Date: 1940
Duration: 3 min 56 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
As the United States enters World War II, U.S. military forces are seen, deployed in various places throughout the world.

American troops are seen in arctic gear moving on skis through blustery snowy weather in Iceland, during World War 2. They were sent in 1941 to relieve British troops occupying Iceland since 1940, during World War II. A guard post at the American camp, with Quonset Hut in background. Closeup of U.S. sentry in arctic gear holding rifle with bayonet affixed. View from above, of numerous tents partially covered with snow in the American camp. Change of scene shows U.S. troops disembarking from transport ships at the British Isles. They march with their combat gear onto a square where Army trucks wait to transport them inland. Another scene shows the American troops, viewed from behind, parading in London. Other scenes show them marching in various areas of London. Saint Paul’s cathedral is seen in the background of one scene. A large number of American M3 Stuart Light tanks move on a railroad train in Britain. Scene shifts to the Middle East, where railroad cars and various military supplies for Russia are be offloaded from American ships. A Russian officer is seen signing receipts for war materiel, from a U.S. Army Technical Sergeant. A row of American Army trucks are lined up behind them. The Russian and American exchange salutes, and shake hands. Next, a troop ship carrying American troops is seen arriving at a port in India, where they disembark with their gear. An American Army Sergeant in a pith helmet pays attention to a little Indian girl. Scene shifts to China, in 1942, where Brigadier General Claire Lee Chennault, Commander of the China Air Task Force, of the Tenth Air Force, that replaced the American Volunteer Group (Flying Tigers), is seen with Brigadier General Caleb V. Haynes, Commander of the India Air Task Force. A colonel joins their discussions. A Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber is parked behind them. View of Curtiss P-40 Warhawk fighter planes, with Flying Tiger markings, parked on a flight line. A B-24 bomber landing on a runway, between hills, deep in China. Closeup of Nationalist China Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek, saluting. Huge numbers of Chinese troops assembling in a formation. Next, an expeditionary force of American troops is seen arriving on a troop ship in Australia. They line the ship’s deck and wave. General Douglas MacArthur arriving in Australia to assume the office of Supreme Commander, South West Pacific Area (SWPA). .Glimpses of U.S. Navy activities in Australia: setting up defenses of islands; unpacking a Kingfisher float plane and making it ready for use on a desert island. The final segments of the film show American forces in August ,1942 sailing to Adak in the Aleutian Islands, to strengthen American defenses there. Troops seen descending by rope ladder from the American transport ship USS J Franklin Bell (PA-34), into her landing craft for deployment on Adak Island. Scenes of landing craft reaching the beach and offloading troops, vehicles, and supplies. View of beach filled with supplies. One landing craft is clearly marked with ""P34" showing that it belongs to the USS J Franklin Bell ( later reclassified as APA-16).

Date: 1942
Duration: 2 min 31 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Film 'Why We Fight' episode "Prelude to War" depicts battle scenes in various countries during World War II.

Series 'Why We Fight' episode "Prelude to War" depicts the battles during World War II. United States soldiers parade on street lead by a band. Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor.December 7, 1941. The London Blitz with buildings destroyed and burning. The Eiffel Tower in Paris with Nazi flag flying atop it. German troops marching into Paris, through the Arch of Triumph. Japanese warplanes bombing shanghai, China, in 1937. Chinese residents running for shelter. Glimpse of German "Schwerer Gustav" 80 cmrailway gun firing during German offensive against Soviet Union in 1941. German forces entering Czechoslovakia in 1938. German mounted troops entering France in 1940. Heavy guns firing. German ships en route to Norway 1940. German Ju-52 aircraft flying low over trees. Montage showing rapid succession of war scenes, including heavy guns firing, smoke rising, explosions, an aircraft shot down and crashing straight down, German armor on the move, German Ju-52 aircraft dropping paratroopers into Holland and one flying over Athens, Greece, with Mount Lykabettus in the background. More of the same with Narrator mentioning Belgium, Albania, Yugoslavia, and Russia (where citizens are seen digging anti-tank trenches and fortifications). Cavalry charging across a field. A German tank rolling forward. A German Dornier Do-17 bomber taking off, and bombs falling.

Date: 1941
Duration: 3 min 59 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Japanese Prime Minister Tojo being tried for his World War II crimes in Tokyo, Japan.

The war crimes trial in Tokyo, Japan after World War II. Japanese Prime Minister Hideki Tojo answers the questions during the trial. U.S. Major General P.J. Mueller, Chief of Staff and party seated in the court room. Tojo being cross examined about sending of troops into French Indo China. Tojo states that the Indo China problem was discussed in a message from President Roosevelt to the Emperor. In answer as to when troops were sent there, he says around 20 September 1940 and this was done after arrangements had been made with the Vichy Government of France.

Date: 1948, January 5
Duration: 4 min 33 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
U.S. wartime propaganda film - Japanese people toil in industry and at warfare unified to help Japan win World War II.

U.S. propaganda war film about Japan and its people, and its intentions in World War 2. Actor narrator impersonates Japanese man and mocks Americans. Japanese people work to help Japan win war. Japanese people work on a farm. People in boats at a waterway. Sacred fishes in a pool. Soldiers hold Japanese flags as they cheer Bonzai in a victory celebration after battle. High altitude view of buildings in an area. Bombardment in a city. Destroyed houses, buildings and rubble on the ground of Japanese cities. U.S. warplane aircraft fly in formation. Aerial view of a Japanese city. People walk on the street. Vehicles pass on street. Ship 'Argentina Maru' docked at a Japanese harbor. People sow rice seeds on the farm. Narrator (actor impersonating a Japanese person) mocks Americans as being soft. View in a U.S. town of cars parked along the sides of a main street. U.S. 1940's cars. Jockey's Ball banner. People queue at theater box office and in train stations. U.S. nightclubs, bars, and casinos. U.S. people at beach. Japanese industry and munitions factories. Ships underway at sea. U.S. Marines carry a dead soldier on stretcher. U.S. Marines coming ashore and Japanese soldiers fighting in Pacific islands such as Gualalcanal and Tarawa. Forces of both sides fire guns and artillery. Smoke from bombardment. Ragged Japanese forces surrendering to U.S. forces. Japan's best forces shown marching in formation and review. Young Japanese soldiers in training. Japanese children study in a school. Burning Japanese city following attack. Japanese citizen refugees flee; one woman crawls across a railroad track. Japanese exercise to stay fit. Japanese soldiers execute two men (China?). Prisoners held by Japan in forced labor; others executed. U.S. prisoners emaciated and injured in Philippines. Japanese soldiers deploy for war at train station.

Date: 1944
Duration: 15 min 45 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Ethnic and seasonal diversity in the United States; dust bowl affects farming.

British narrated film discusses people and climate of the United States. Shots of CIO (Congress of Industrial Organizations) President John L Lewis and Father Coughlin speaking. Harlem street scene. Crowd entering a subway station in New York City. Newspaper headlines posted in China Town New York. Storefronts of Greek and Italian merchants in downtown New York City. Signs seen include 'Grande Deposito Dolio Doliva,' and 'Anthony Coulapides, manufacturer of high grade cigarettes.' Hebrew writing and star of David seen on side of building. Buildings with Spanish language signs in New York. A parade float with Virgin Mary depiction. Wide shot of a vineyard. View of a water wheel turning at a mill. Boys skinny dipping. 1930's and 1940's era cars on deep snow covered roads of an American town. Homes in deep snow. People recline on a beach in Florida in winter while on the same day in New Hampshire people ski, some pulled by horses. People slip while walking across a street during a blizzard. A boy takes removes an apple from an icebox (early refrigerator). Dust storms in farm country of the midwest during the dust bowl. Man races across a field toward a barn as a dust storm bears down on it. A farmer leads his horses out of a corral. A farm is destroyed by dust storms during the dust bowl. A family piles their remaining things on a farm truck and abandons their farm destroyed by the dust bowl. A poor family in a shack in the River Mississippi Valley area.

Date: 1945, January 23
Duration: 2 min 42 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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