Division of Vietnam into North and South Vietnam as Indochina war ends up in Vietnam. Aerial view of cratered battle ground, with smoke rising, at Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam, in March, 1954. A French A-26 Invader aircraft flying above some clouds and pilot in cockpit using radio. French paratroops, dropping from C-47 aircraft, and landing, to reinforce troops dug in at Dien Bien Phu. French artillery firing and rounds exploding in the distance. French troops moving through brush, and carrying wounded back out. Citizens on streets of Hanoi, North Vietnam, scrounging for scraps to eat. An old woman hunkered down in a doorway. A mother with a young boy. French troops crossing a bridge as they surrender following the siege at Dien Bien Phu. North Vietnamese troops entering Hanoi. Delegates at the Geneva conference of 1954, in the Palais des Nations, including representatives of the Soviet Union, the United States, France, the United Kingdom, and the People’s Republic of China, among others. Closeup of Soviet delegation, with Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, second from left. View of the North Vietnamese delegation, and delegate Ta Quang Buu, Vice Minister of Defense of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam), and Head of their Military Delegation, signing the accords. Closeup of one treaty page, with his signature, as Minister of Defense, and that of Henri, Deltiel, Brigadier General, who signed for the Commander in Chief of all French Forces in Indochina. OUtdoors. After the conference, Soviet Foreign Minister, Molotov shakes hands with Chou En-lai, Chinese Foreign Minister. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister,Andrei Gromyko, wearing a hat, is standing behind Molotov. A long line of refugees fleeing to the South, from North Vietnam. A 1954 map showing the division of North and South Vietnam at the 19th parallel. Mist settled among mountain tops. South Vietnamese people engaged in agricultural pursuits and building new dwellings. South Vietnamese placing ballots in boxes during elections. Brief glimpse of the glamorous Madame Ngo Dinh Nhu, defacto First Lady of South Vietnam, dressed in ao dai and wearing dark glasses, as she leaves a polling place. Farmers dressed in traditional conical hats (non la) working in grain fields, and reaping and carrying cut grain on poles in the South. Beautiful view of fishermen and boats silhouetted against sky, with tall limestone islands in background, at Ha Long Bay, North Vietnam (incorrectly implying it shows South Vietnamese in peaceful pursuits). South Vietnamese at work building structures with concrete blocks. A car with bullet holes in the windshield, draws attention on busy street in South Vietnam. Closeup of murdered man inside on floor of car. Scenes of vandalism at a house. Viet Minh guerillas moving through jungles and setting fires to straw roofed houses. Remains of a destroyed dwelling. Bodies of South Vietnamese killed, according to the narrator, by "Viet Cong pursuasion squads." A framed picture of Ho Chi Minh, over a North Vietnamese star flag.
Chinese prisoners (People's Republic of China) return from Korean prison camps to Taipei, Taiwan. Prisoners return on 23rd January, 1954. Crowd gathered outside a large building in Taipei. A large bell is rung. Chairman of the gathering and Premier of China, Chang Chun addresses the crowd. The crowd with banners demonstrates against communism. Korean ambassador at the gathering. Men in white cloths lined up. The Map of Korea shows 38th parallel on it. The United Nations and The U.S. flags. Planes in flight arrive to Korea from Taiwan. Chinese officers march on airfield after leaving planes. U.S. official instructs Chinese officers. The UN Transportation Corps load supplies onto truck. Sign reads 'Warming Tents'. American General BS Latton with the United Nations staff makes an inspection of transportation arrangements. Processing officers arrive at field. The Chinese Nationalist Military delegation men arrive from Taiwan. The Commanding Officer of The UN Forces, John Ho inspects the processing area with his staff. View of building area. Men prepare flags. Signs and banners along road. General Latton with a Chinese General. Representatives of the Chinese Nationalist Government lined up to welcome prisoners. Band plays music. Chinese prisoners arrive with flags and banners. They are welcomed by the UN officials. Chinese prisoners get into tents.
Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru visits China. Chairman of the Communist Party of China Mao Tse-tung and the Foreign Minister of the Peoples Republic of China Chou En-lai greet Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Chinese people cheer as they drive through the streets in a cavalcade of cars. Nehru and Chinese leaders visit a steel mill. They watch the production process.
United Nations General Assembly bars the People's Republic of China, aka 'Red China' from the UN during a General Assembly meeting in the New York. A taxi passes in front of UN headquarters. Demonstrators, mostly Americans of Chinese descent march in protest on the street. They hold signs in Chinese and English. Phrases seen on signs include, 'Don't let Chinese Reds shoot their way into the UN,' 'Chinese Reds must be punished by UN,' and 'Down with Red China.' Officials entering the UN building. Interior of the UN General Assembly. Duchess of Kent Katharine, U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Henry Cabot Lodge present among the dignitaries.
U.S. Navy aircraft carrier USS Wasp (CV-18) underway in the South China Sea. China's Generalissimo General Chiang Kai-Shek visits the USS Wasp. U.S. helicopter HO3S Dragonfly lands on the flight deck of the aircraft carrier. Lieutenant General Chiang Kai-Shek and Mr. Shen San Sen disembark from the helicopter. Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek is greeted by officers. He shakes hands with United States high-ranking officers. U.S. Marines salute as he passes by.
United Nations acts to free American airmen held by China (Arnold-Baumer espionage case). U.S. delegate Cabot Lodge speaks before United Nations General Assembly regarding censure of communist China for holding 11 on board the aircraft on spying charges. Members of the General Assembly seen.