Living conditions in China under the Communist regime of Mao Tse-tung photographed by Indians visiting the country. The film highlights China's problems of industry, agriculture, and excess population. Advertisements and posters for the Mao Tse-tung led economic and social plan titled the 'Great Leap Forward' in 1958. Objectives of the plan. Agriculture, industry and education in China, including brief shot of men, women, and children in classroom, possibly for re-education. Men and women work in factories and plants. A Russian sign reads 'Made in the Soviet Union'. Workers inside a huge automatic automotive plant set up and supplies by the Soviet Union (SU). A steel and iron company rebuilt and enlarged with the aid of Soviet Union. A seamless steel tube mill supplied and erected by the SU. A plant designed, equipped and built by SU technicians. A bridge over a river. Women work in a high voltage testing laboratory equipped by the East German government. A fully automatic petroleum refinery built by the Japanese. A heavy gilding machine plant started by the Japanese in 1937. Various factories, plants and industries in China. Rural farm land and irrigation. People work in backyard furnaces, factories, presses, rolling mills and automotive factories. Deserted city streets with few cars. Workers inside an automotive plant. Communist Party of China Chairman Mao Tse-tung signs a pact with the Premier of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev. Newspaper headlines regarding the disagreements leading to rifts in the China-Soviet relations in 1960. The Soviet Union withdraws technicians and support from China resulting in closure of industries. Statistics highlight China's dropping industrial production in steel, coal, electricity and petroleum compared to that of USA, USSR and UK.
Opens showing views of the U.S. Pavilion at the Brussels Fair. An array of international flags and artistic fountains grace the Pavilion. Glimpse of the relatively plain Exhibition Hall of the Soviet Union. Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser shakes hand with Nikita Khrushchev 1st Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. Nasser speaking to the 600-member assembly of the new United Arab Republic (encompassing Egypt and Syria). Arabs marching with banners. King Faisal II of Iraq and his uncle, Abdul Ilah, step to a podium. Faisal II riding in a horse-drawn carriage. View of seaport in Lebanon. A U.S. Naval task force is visible, arriving in response to a request for aid from Lebanon. U.S. marines in an amphibious landing near Beirut. They establish a beachhead as local Lebanese watch and applaud. The marines load artillery and ammunition on the beach. The scene changes to the island of Quemoy in the Taiwan Strait, where entrenched KMT troops of Chiang Kai-Shek, are seen scrambling as they undergo constant shelling from mainland China. The American Destroyer, USS Ammen (DD-527) is seen underway on patrol in the Taiwan Strait. U.S. Navy vessels provide relief supplies to the bombarded Islands in the Taiwan Strait. Landing craft are loaded with essential supplies for delivery. Sailors are seen throwing sacks of foodstuffs over their ship railing into a landing craft below. A line of laden landing craft follow in the wake of a Navy ship. The cold war scene shifts to West Berlin, Germany, where high rise housing is shown and citizens are seen going about their daily activities. A large sign in German warns that one will be leaving West Berlin immediately by passing the sign. Views of damaged buildings left untouched in East Berlin. Militia in black uniforms perform close order drills in the midst of destruction around them in East Berlin. Street sign identifies Unter Den Linden. The formerly elegant avenue is seen virtually deserted. A horse-drawn carriage moves along and men push a cart full of supplies. Bicyclists ride along the side of the street. Headquarters of the 4-powers administration building is seen without a Soviet flag. French, American, and British soldiers stand guard. (Soviets are absent.)
Living conditions in China under the Communist regime of Mao Tse-tung photographed by Indians visiting the country. Mao Tse-tung implements the economic and social plan titled 'Great Leap Forward' with Soviet help in 1958. The agricultural aspects of the plan. The Chinese countryside. Farmers use tractors, machines and other equipment for farming. Farmers plough fields, thresh crop and make hay stacks with the help of pitchforks. Men and women dig farmland. Millions of Chinese people work the land, clear land, build dams and dig canals. Communes for farmers. Farmers work, cultivate and harvest crops. People engaged in construction work. People's Republic of China Chairman Mao Tse-tung visits the communes. The commune system is abandoned in 1961 in favor of collective agriculture. Small units of 20 farm families cultivate land as directed by local farmers. Farmers cultivate land, harvest crops. Men and women pick cotton. Young Chinese boys and girls attend university in China. Young boys on bicycles. University students in a classroom. The university campus. Children on the playground in a school. They perform the 'Turnip Dance' on stage as other children and teachers watch.
Living conditions in China under the Communist regime of Mao Tse-tung photographed by Indians visiting the country. Mao Tse-tung implements the economic and social plan titled 'Great Leap Forward' with Soviet help in 1958. People on the streets of China. Chinese women and children. Elderly Chinese revolutionaries pose. Cars and buses on the streets. Industries, factories and plants. Young men and women participate in a festive parade. Men holding flags. The excessive population of China. Military leaders review a parade. An officer salutes. Tanks and artillery in the parade. Smoke due to an explosion during a war.
The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows NBC correspondent John Chancellor to pose a question to Richard Nixon a . Correspondent Chancellor asks a question about Quemoy and Matsu issue. Vice President Nixon points out inconsistency of Senator Kennedy. He further explains it by saying that Senator Kennedy signed a resolution in 1955 which gave the president the power to use United States forces to defend Formosa and offshore islands. But he also voted for an amendment which was lost, an amendment which would have drawn a line and left out those islands. Vice President Nixon supports President Eisenhower's position. Correspondent Howe asks Senator Kennedy to comment on the topic. He speaks about President Eisenhower sending a mission to persuade Chiang Kai-shek in the spring of fifty-five to withdraw from Quemoy and Matsu because they were exposed. The President was unsuccessful. He refers to the fact that in 1958, as a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was very familiar with the position that the United States took in negotiating with Chinese Communists on these two islands. He further that the U.S. was unable to persuade China's Chiang Kai-Shek to withdraw and thus it was decided by the U.S. to defend the islands.
Supply convoy reaches Quemoy in China despite the communist Chinese blockade, during Cold War. Ships carry the supplies at sea. Men on landing craft at the sea. Men on deck. President Chiang Kai Shek arrives at a press conference in Formosa. He opposes reduction of garrisons on the off-shore islands. Mainland China rebuffs United States peace bids with an enormous Chinese propaganda demonstration in Peiping (Beijing) on the grounds of the old Imperial Palace. Communist Chinese demonstrate with boards, placards and flags in hand. A huge crowd gathers at the palace grounds and decries what it calls American aggression in the Taiwan strait. President Zhou Enlai addresses the massive crowd.