American troops aboard ships of Seventh Fleet underway in China Sea. Fleet stand guard in the straits between Formosa and Red China. Planes take off from the carrier Essex for daily patrols and practice. Aircraft in flight over water. Planes make landings on carrier's deck.
Progressive aggression leading to the take over of Tibet and fleeing of the Dlai Lama. Men raise the People's Republic of China flag on a mountain as armies of Communist China conquer Tibet. 1950: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are brought to Peking in China. They are received by Chinese officials, presented with bouquets. A function at their arrival. 1955: African and Asian delegates at the Bandung Conference in Indonesia. China agrees to the 5 principles of peaceful co-existence. Delegates including Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai and Indian Prime Minister Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru. 1956: The Dalai Lama and Panchem Lama are permitted to visit India to celebrate the 2500th birth anniversary of Lord Buddha. They are greeted by Pandit Nehru, Premier U Nu of Burma and other Indian officials an arrival. The Lamas with Indian officials seated for a meal on the ground in a hall. The Lamas are welcomed in a ceremony and Dalai Lama addresses the gathering. Tibet: China begins to impose Communist system on Tibetan borders. Construction work and forced labor. March 1959: Communist bombardment over Lhasa. The Potala monastery. Tibetans take up alms. Handcuffs and confinements. Demonstrations and protests outside the Chinese Embassy in Delhi. Former Prime Minister Of Tibet, Lukhangwa and other monks pay their respects at Mahatma Gandhi's samadhi (mausoleum) in New Delhi. Indian government officials and members of the international press reach Tezpur in Assam. They welcome the Dalai Lama. Photographers take pictures. The Dalai Lama addresses a gathering. Statues of Lord Buddha all over India and Asia. Tibetan monks pray. People sing Indian devotional song.
Japanese officials meeting in strategy session. Japanese infantry on mission to cut Chinese supply lines during 2nd Sino-Japanese war. Black smoke rises as they move along a river bank. Chinese prisoner-workers are forced to rebuild railroads destroyed by the Chinese people during their great Westward trek. Japanese soldier closely guards workers. A Japanese army armored train underway on the rebuilt railroad, as Japanese soldiers cheer. Animated map shows China's supply lines by sea, to Tsingtao, Hangchow, and Amoy, cut off by Japanese naval blockade. Japanese Navy launch with officers and crew moving near commercial ships as they take over Chinese river ports. War materiel and other supplies destined for China, including trucks, sit idle, unable to be transported to their destinations. Large oil tanks and drums of gasoline are shown, as well as gun barrels and a flightline filled with parked Curtiss P-36 Hawk aircraft. The Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer Asakaze (DD-3) and another, next to it, in a Chinese river port. A Japanese freighter with anchored weighed, secured by long lines to a wharf. Small boats flying Japanese Naval ensigns are next to it. View of map showing china, Burma, Indo-China, and Chungking, with Japanese blockading fleet stationed in the South China Sea. It traces path of narrow gauge rail line from Indo-china to Kumming,China, where it connected to an overland road to Chungking. Next it traced the old Camel Caravan route, across China, from Russia. Narrator notes these were to small to be useful and too close to Japanese-occupied territory. Next, the map traces a railroad that from the port of Rangoon to Lashio, Burma. It is separated from the road to Chungking, by mountains and gorges. Views of the actual mountainous terrain. Animal pack trains moving through the area. Construction engineers in a large drafting room designing a road to transit the area. View of modern road-building caterpillar tractor equipment of the type needed to accomplish this. View of Chinese laborers using manpower instead. They push large rollers and employ pickaxes and other hand-held tools to carve away and dig road beds. Masses of Chinese laborers at work, carving a road along the edge of a mountain. Two-men teams using manual tampers to pound down the roadbed. Children are employed along with adults. A woman with a baby on her back, pounding large rocks into gravel, surrounded by other children doing the same. View from above of the "Burma Road," the product of their labors, winding its way through the mountains and gorges. Many scenes of trucks moving along portions of the Burma Road. P-40 airplanes flying past white cumulus clouds, overhead. Animated map shows continued expansion of Japanese occupied areas to encompass two thirds of the rail lines in China with goal of controlling the remainder, starting at Chengchow, in Summer, 1938. View of Chengchow region, on banks of the Yellow River. Map illustrates flow pattern of the Yellow River. View from past of the Yellow River's Spring floods toward the Sea, with Chinese people throwing rocks onto dikes that keep the river flowing in a more Northerly direction than its former course. Illustration shows how with Japanese encrouching on Chengchow, the Chinese decided to destroy those dikes and allow the river to flood over its former more Southerly course. Japanese soldiers being inundated by the flooding river. Japanese infantry and tanks regrouping on their occupied side of the new (old) path of the Yellow River. Local Chinese residents of Chengchow, wade with belongings as they leave their flooded homes.
U.S. Navy carrier planes hit oil fields in the China Sea. A storm in the China Sea. U.S. Navy 3rd fleet carriers on a ship. A diagram shows an arrow on the South China Sea. The fleet moves forward towards Japanese bases. U.S. airplanes bomb Japanese targets. Carrier planes return back to the ship. A plane crash lands on the ship. The pilot of ship is hurt and stuck in the cockpit. The crew runs toward the plane and gets him down. A diagram shows an arrow from the South China sea to Indo China, Saigon. A tanker is torpedoed by U.S. planes. Bombing on Saigon. An oil reserve on fire.
The second Kennedy-Nixon Presidential Debate in Washington DC, United States. Moderator Frank McGee introduces the candidates - Republican candidate U.S. Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Democratic candidate Senator John F Kennedy. The Moderator tells the rules to the candidates regarding questioning by the reporters. The reporters include Paul Niven, Edward P. Morgan, Alvin Spivak, and Harold R. Levy. Paul Niven asks Nixon to comment on whether Truman Administration was responsible for the loss of China to the Communists. Nixon answers and says that he disagrees with Senator Kennedy's statement that Cuba is lost and certainly China was lost because of Truman Administration. He talks about the decrease in the number of dictators in Southern and Central America in the past years. He speaks about Kennedy's book 'The Strategy for Peace' which prohibits the Americans from interfering in internal affairs of any other state. Kennedy presents his views and says that he never suggested that Cuba was lost. He criticized Nixon because in his press conference in Havana in 1955, he praised the competence and stability of the Batista dictatorship. He criticized the failure of the administration to use its great influence to persuade the Cuban government to hold free elections. He hopes that some day Cuba would rise if the U.S. changes its policies towards it.
Japanese invasion of China. Chinese soldiers blow the trumpet. Young men march in a field. Young men register in the Army. Millions of young people answer the call to fight for China. Volunteers from south, north, east and west China to form the people's army. Men and women with their children leave to join the forces. Drumming sound. New recruits train and perform a drill to drum beats. Soldiers practice martial arts, rifle handling, and shooting. Others train to care for the sick and wounded. Women soldiers in uniform. They learn to fire a gun. Pilots crowd around an officer. Planes in the background. Men from other countries prepare to fight for China. U.S. Colonel Claire Chennault of the American Volunteer Group Flying Tigers, talks to his men. The Curtiss P-40 Warhawks with the shark face emblems take off. Chinese soldiers march. Japan: Japanese officials in a meeting. Japanese troops penetrate China along the rivers. They rebuild destroyed rail roads using slave labor. A map depicts the Japanese strategy of cutting off Chinese supply lines. Japanese warships blockade the coast with the aim to isolate China. Japanese occupied ports in China. Japanese warships and boats in a Chinese port. Gas plants, gun factories and planes. Indochina map: The narrow gauge railway from sea to Kunming and a truck road to Chungking. The camel trail from Russia across the Gobi Desert. The railroad from Rangoon to Lashio in Burma.