British plane fires a hydrogen bomb over the Christmas Islands during atomic bomb testing. Explosion and smoke rises. Views of mushroom cloud. This test marks Britain's first atomic test, ushering it in as a nuclear power.
Large crowd assembled in Japanese student-organized protest at the British Embassy in Tokyo, Japan. They protest against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs, following Britain's second test of a Hydrogen Bomb, at Christmas Island in the Pacific Ocean. Groups involved include Japanese Council Against Atomic and Hydrogen Bombs, and the student organization, Sengakuren. Protesters carry signs bearing image of British Prime Minister Anthony Eden, and images of Queen Elizabeth. Numerous Japanese police are seen maintaining order. British diplomatic staff are seen at the entrance to the British Embassy.
People gathered by their radios listening to President Roosevelt. An Allied International Conference in Cairo, Egypt during World War II. Excerpts from U.S. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's Christmas message of 1943 are heard. Vyacheslav Molotov, Anthony Eden and Hull at the fourth Moscow Conference. A pyramid in Egypt. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek discuss plans for the prosecution of the Normandy Invasion at the Cairo Conference. Other dignitaries stand behind them. An animated map of the world. A sign reads 'The Tanaka Memorial'. Attack on Japan by U.S. soldiers. Guns are fired. U.S. soldiers and sailors attack an island in Japan. A flag of the United States. U.S. soldiers fire at a Japanese boat. Smoke due to explosion. A U.S. ship underway at the Pacific Ocean. Soldiers get down from a boat at an the island. Soldiers walk with guns on their back. U.S. planes in flight and drop bombs on the island. U.S. soldiers fire a field gun. Soldiers on a deck. U.S. planes in flight. U.S. General Marshall with Allied officers. He visits U.S. General Douglas MacArthur and U.S. Admiral Chester Nimitz in the Pacific.
U.S. troops celebrate Christmas in Vietnam during the Vietnam War. A cardboard cut out depicting Santa Claus at the entrance of a barracks. A soldier holds a small white Christmas tree. Other soldiers decorate a tree with ornaments. A Christmas tree and a cross at the entrance of a chapel. United States Navy aircraft carrier USS Kitty Hawk underway at sea. An altar aboard the USS Kitty Hawk. A bible placed at the altar. A Christmas tree decorated with greeting cards. Santa Claus arrives at an orphanage in Vietnam on board a tank that has been painted white and appointed with a sled and reindeers, along with the words, 'Merry Christmas.' A sign at the orphanage reads 'Merry Christmas and Happy New Year' and depicts Santa driving a bulldozer. Vietnamese children wave. The U.S. Navy Chaplains Corp Chief James Kelly speaks at a desk extending Christmas wishes. A Chaplain conducts a prayer service. A patrol boat underway at sea. The American flag waves alongside the South Vietnamese flag. Background music is U.S. Navy Seachanters singing Christmas Carol "I Heard the Bells on Christmas Day".
Film opens showing reenactment of Japanese attack ostensibly against Formosa, in 1894. Japanese troops and artillery are shown. The event is depicted in a critical political cartoon. Next, Japanese Admiral Heihachiro Togo is seen in 1904, standing with other naval officers. Then, Japanese warships are shown, firing barrages of naval gunfire at the Russian fleet in Port Arthur, Manchuria. Huge black clouds arise from burning ships. Scenes of Japanese people celebrating their naval victory. Date shifts to 1910. Cartoon depicts Japanese annexation of Korea. Cartoon illustrates Japanese actions in World War I when, siding with the Allies, Japan acquired the German-held Shandong (Shantung) Peninsula of China, as well as German-held Marianas, Carolines, and Marshalls islands in the Pacific. Japanese representatives are seen participating in Post World War 1 international activities. They signed the so-called Five-Power,Four-Power, and Nine-Power treaties, and participated in the League of Nations. Glimpse of two Japanese officers, followed by cartoon depiction of the Mariana, Caroline, and Marshall Islands, that Japan insisted on keeping. Cartoon shows them being fortified. A Japanese military marching band parades down a city street while being cheered by spectators on the sidewalks. Next, Japanese military General, Baron Tanaka Giichi, is seen in uniform with other officers. Cartoon illustrates the so-called Tanaka Memorial document that Baron Tanaka allegedly presented to the Emperor, in 1927, outlining a strategy to conquer the world. Cartoon then illustrates plan of conquest by acquiring Chinese manpower; Manchurian iron and coal; Siberian timber, coal, wheat, and metals; Tin,oil and rubber from Malaysia and the East Indies. The United States is shown as the last conquest. Views of ordinary farm and factory activities in the U.S. Cars parked in the Ford Motor Company factory lot. Japanese officials and legislators meeting in the Diet (Parliament). Japanese theater-goers and a Japanese woman singing with an American-style band, are shown as examples of activities the Japanese Government sought to discourage. A Japanese female ensemble in traditional dress, playing traditional instruments, is shown as more desirable. Western dancing and movies are shown and narrator states they were forbidden. Japese movie scene depicts ancient martial arts. A musical production displays German swastika flag and that of the Kingdom of Italy. Japanese men are shown playing the ancient game of Chu Shogi, instead of playing Western card games. People are shown in a library, where Western books are replaced by more militaristic tomes, such as: "If we fight" by Admiral Shinsaku Hirata, March 15, 1930 (shown on film slate). Slate goes on to quote about attack on Hawaii as the first battle in war of the Pacific. Film cites another approved Japanese publication: "Arguments Against American Policies" by Kawashima Seichiro, Christmas Day, 1924. It discusses distruction of the American fleet and subsequent landing on the U.S. West Coast.
Relates to the U.S. Antarctic expedition,Operation High Jump. Shows Douglas DC-3 airplanes (R-4D in U.S. Navy) loaded aboard the deck of USS Philippine Sea (CV-47) at a U.S. naval base in Norfolk, Virginia. U.S. sailors spot an iceberg in the Southern Ocean. Christmas celebrations held aboard U.S. ships. Scenes from the Central Group underway. Cruzen and other officers gather for a conference. Views of Scott Island and waves crashing on its rocks. The ships reach the Scott Island in Southern Ocean. Cruzen transfers his flag to the USCGC Icebreaker Northwind to become the lead boat in cutting channels for the group.