Bombing of Chungking, Republic of China during World War II.. Bombing attacks on Chungking by the Japanese show concentrated bomb burst on the city. Geysers of bomb hits in the Yangtze River. A burning section of the bombed city. Bombed and fire gutted buildings. Fallen telephone poles and wires. Two Chinese firemen fight blazing fire. Heavy smoke in the background.
Japanese officials meeting in strategy session. Japanese infantry on mission to cut Chinese supply lines during 2nd Sino-Japanese war. Black smoke rises as they move along a river bank. Chinese prisoner-workers are forced to rebuild railroads destroyed by the Chinese people during their great Westward trek. Japanese soldier closely guards workers. A Japanese army armored train underway on the rebuilt railroad, as Japanese soldiers cheer. Animated map shows China's supply lines by sea, to Tsingtao, Hangchow, and Amoy, cut off by Japanese naval blockade. Japanese Navy launch with officers and crew moving near commercial ships as they take over Chinese river ports. War materiel and other supplies destined for China, including trucks, sit idle, unable to be transported to their destinations. Large oil tanks and drums of gasoline are shown, as well as gun barrels and a flightline filled with parked Curtiss P-36 Hawk aircraft. The Imperial Japanese Navy destroyer Asakaze (DD-3) and another, next to it, in a Chinese river port. A Japanese freighter with anchored weighed, secured by long lines to a wharf. Small boats flying Japanese Naval ensigns are next to it. View of map showing china, Burma, Indo-China, and Chungking, with Japanese blockading fleet stationed in the South China Sea. It traces path of narrow gauge rail line from Indo-china to Kumming,China, where it connected to an overland road to Chungking. Next it traced the old Camel Caravan route, across China, from Russia. Narrator notes these were to small to be useful and too close to Japanese-occupied territory. Next, the map traces a railroad that from the port of Rangoon to Lashio, Burma. It is separated from the road to Chungking, by mountains and gorges. Views of the actual mountainous terrain. Animal pack trains moving through the area. Construction engineers in a large drafting room designing a road to transit the area. View of modern road-building caterpillar tractor equipment of the type needed to accomplish this. View of Chinese laborers using manpower instead. They push large rollers and employ pickaxes and other hand-held tools to carve away and dig road beds. Masses of Chinese laborers at work, carving a road along the edge of a mountain. Two-men teams using manual tampers to pound down the roadbed. Children are employed along with adults. A woman with a baby on her back, pounding large rocks into gravel, surrounded by other children doing the same. View from above of the "Burma Road," the product of their labors, winding its way through the mountains and gorges. Many scenes of trucks moving along portions of the Burma Road. P-40 airplanes flying past white cumulus clouds, overhead. Animated map shows continued expansion of Japanese occupied areas to encompass two thirds of the rail lines in China with goal of controlling the remainder, starting at Chengchow, in Summer, 1938. View of Chengchow region, on banks of the Yellow River. Map illustrates flow pattern of the Yellow River. View from past of the Yellow River's Spring floods toward the Sea, with Chinese people throwing rocks onto dikes that keep the river flowing in a more Northerly direction than its former course. Illustration shows how with Japanese encrouching on Chengchow, the Chinese decided to destroy those dikes and allow the river to flood over its former more Southerly course. Japanese soldiers being inundated by the flooding river. Japanese infantry and tanks regrouping on their occupied side of the new (old) path of the Yellow River. Local Chinese residents of Chengchow, wade with belongings as they leave their flooded homes.
China establishing a new nation in its western regions after fleeing Japanese invasion of the east during the 2nd Sino-Japanese war. Animated map depicts areas of Japanese occupation and highlights reborn old cities including Lanchow, Chengtu, and Kumming. It highlights Chungking as the new Capital City of Free China. Chiang Kai-Shek is seen leading a group of Chinese leaders as they walk through an arched gate in Chungking. A busy street with shops and apartment houses, in commercial district. It is filled with pedestrians, cart traffic along the curbs, and automobiles in the road center. Boatmen on the Yangtze River are seen below long steep steps leading up to the streets above. Views of houses clustered along the cliffs, and workmen digging bomb shelters into the cliffs. View from inside a shelter being hollowed out of the rock. Back in the Japanese occupied area, a car brings a Japanese Air Force leader who addresses a large group of fliers at an airbase. Next, Japanese air crews are seen running to their airplanes from their camp on the airfield and taking off in their Mitsubishi G3M bombers, to attack Chungking. Nakajima Ki-27 airplanes take off from the field and join in large formations overhead. A formation of Chinese World War 1 era are seen inflight, ostensibly to engage incoming Japanese bombers. Japanese crew member in a bomber sees the Chinese fighters and gunners in the bombers get ready to fire on them. The Chinese fighter planes dive at the bombers, but are intercepted by Nakajima Ki-27 airplanes flying cover. Dog fights ensue with Chinese planes being shot down, and the bombers continuing on their way. Air raid sirens sound in Chungking and people run to their shelters, including many school children. Views of bomber crews at their stations and then of bombs falling with the Yangtze river below. Bombs striking along the riverfront and inland, along the cliffs. View of machinery operating and Chinese workers occupied in underground factories in Chungking. Fires burning throughout the city,from the bombing, and Chinese fire fighters working to extinguish them.
Activities of the Allied forces in the China Burma India Theater of World War II. Chinese Premier Chiang Kai Shek and his wife arrive to review troops in ChungKing, China. Chinese nurses and soldiers march as General Chinag Kai Shek reviews the United Nations troops. Troops carry portraits of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin. Commander of China Burma India Theater General Joseph Stilwell arrives after attending a conference in Washington D.C. Reinforcements arrive in India as soldiers carry bags. Allied soldiers smoke with Indian soldiers. A soldier buys bananas from a vendor. In Indian state of Bengal mule pack trains cross Tibet as they carry supplies for China. Mule packs pass through the Himalayas.
The Chinese set up new cities in the West to escape Japanese invasion. A map shows the new areas of settlement in ancient cities among the free mountain lands. Chungking: the new capital of free China. Chinese government officials. Houses and shops on the new city streets. Men build caves for shelter from Japanese air raids. They cut through rocks and carry dirt during the construction. Japanese pilots prepare to fly off on a bombing mission to China. Japanese bombers taxi and take off. Bombers in formation fly over the air base. Chinese planes make a suicidal effort to defend Chungking. Japanese and Chinese planes fire at each other. Smoke trail from hit planes as they descend to the ground. A siren goes off in Chungking. People run into bomb raid shelters. Japanese crewmen inside the planes as they drop bombs on Chungking. Whistling sound from the descending bombs. Explosions on land and in water. Chinese men work in underground factories. Explosions due to bombardment. People walk among charred buildings after the air raid. They try to douse out the fire on streets.
Events in 2nd Sino-Japanese War covering late 1930's through 1943 in World War 2 Scene opens with two Chinese army buglers sounding a call. Next, a line of recruits is seen marching on a field. Chinese officers sit at a table with civilian officials. A Huge crowd of army volunteers are seated, each holding a small white flag. Two more buglers sounding a call. Crowd of recruits move through a gate. Northern Chinese soldiers in fur hats march. Recruits are shown from the East and West of China. Recruits in formation. Bugler sounding a call. Chinese cavalrymen joining the army. More scenes of Chinese people joining together to fight the Japanese. Recruits engaged in close order drill and physical training. Uniformed soldiers in helmets, performing Calisthenics with rifles. Platoons of Chinese soldiers practicing marching and tactical maneuvers. Chinese youth training as first aid workers, carrying stretchers and learning first aid techniques. Chinese women in uniform marching with rifles. A Chinese girl kneels down behind a Maxim machine gun, as an officer instructs and other girls sit around in a group. Glimpse of girls training with rifles on an outdoor firing range. Claire Lee Chennault and his American "Flying Tigers" pilots and P-40 airplanes at an airfield. The American flag flying from a flagpole behind them. Pilots scrambling to their aircraft. Chenneult, now a U.S.A.A.F Major General, commander of 14th Air Force in China, in seen congratulating Chinese army aviators. He is accompanied by a Chinese Air Force General. Behind them is parked a B-24 Liberator bomber of the 308th Bombardment Group. A Chinese Nationalist P-40 with tiger teeth logo on air intake, starts its engine and taxis out for takeoff. View from cockpit of a P-40 pursuing and shooting down a Japanese Nakajima Ki-27 aircraft. Chinese soldiers in precision drills at a garrison.