German Chancellor Adolf Hitler reoccupies the Rhineland and denounces the Locarno Pact in 1936. The signing of the Locarno Treaties in London, England in 1925. Officials arrive at the building where the Locarno Treaties are to be signed. Chancellor Hans Luther of Germany affixes his signature to the Locarno Treaty assuring peace to all the principal countries of Europe. At the head of the table in the center are Stanley Baldwin and Sir Austin Chamberlain, leaders of the British Delegation. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles on 7th March 1936 by sending German military forces into the Rhineland, a demilitarized zone along the Rhine River in western Germany. German troops march over the Hohenzollern bridge in Cologne, Germany. The troops march along a road. Cologne Cathedral in the background. A German crowd cheers as the troops parade. Swastika banners hang from buildings. German troops parading in Dusseldorf. The troops on horseback and horse-carriages pass along narrow streets of Dusseldorf. Parading troops are cheered by a crowd in Frankfurt am Main. German troops parade in front of a building during a wreath laying ceremony followed by Chancellor Hitler and other Nazi officials. Newspaper headlines about Hitler denouncing the Locarno Pact. A government minister with press. French Prime Minister Albert Sarraut at a microphone reassures the security of France. Belgium soldiers march along a street.
U.S. troops huddle together on Sherman tanks late in World War 2 in Europe. U.S. Infantry and tanks moving across open fields. View from cottage window of American infantrymen swarming across a field. U.S. tanks and infantry entering outskirts of Cologne, Germany. One soldier plays a French horn, as he marches into town. Several German civilians walking together. German soldier POWs (prisoners of war) being herded under guard of American Army forces. German civilian refugees walking on a road. Graffiti scrawled on wall reads "Hitler ist Kaput". Numerous trucks filled with German prisoners of war. Civilians watching as U.S. Army M10 tank destroyers move into town towing 155mm long tom guns. Amusing graffiti by U.S. troops reads, "I'll walk Cologne" with arrow pointing (alluding to popular song, "I'll Walk Alone.") U.S. troops loading and firing 155 mm long tom guns. Civilians holding their ears, as they watch. U.S. troops entering center of Cologne, Germany. Towers of Cologne Cathedral visible in background. U.S. infantry firing from behind pile of rubble. Tanks rumble through streets of Cologne. House to house fighting. U.S. Army 3rd Armored Division tanks in streets of Cologne, and soldiers with small arms firing at buildings in clearing operations from building to building. A German soldier emerges from building with hands held up in surrender. Tank firing causes part of a building to collapse. Infantry moving along roadway with Cathedral visible in near background. City buildings of Cologne seen destroyed with rubble everywhere. German Mark V Panther tank is hit by fire from U.S. Army gunner Corporal Clarence Smoyer in a M-26 series Pershing tank (a T26E3) with a 90mm gun, at position at the An den Dominikanern and Marzellenstraße crossroads. German Army soldiers jump from the Panther tank. The Panther Tank is hit again from the American Pershing tank, and goes up in flames and smoke. View from wreckage of the Cologne Cathedral. Bridge across the Rhein (Rhine) River. U.S. forces moving across the bridge. A sign posted on bridge pillar reading: "Cross the Rhine with dry feet, COURTESY OF 9TH ARMD DIV." View from vehicle crossing the bridge. U.S. medics treating casualties in wooded area.
Reconstruction of Cologne, Germany. Aerial views of Cologne, Germany in 1930, before its destruction in World War II. Shows pre-war Cologne Cathedral and Hohenzollerm Bridge on the Rhine river. Various buildings in Cologne including train station. Scene change to Fuhrer Adolf Hitler speaking. Aerial and street views of damaged bridges and buildings in Cologne after World War II. Destroyed sewer pipes, piles of rubble in Cologne. American Military Government men, also known as "MG" lined up in streets. The U.S. flag is raised. Signs behind men read, ""Militarregierungsamt" and "military government" Close up faces of MG soldiers. Large groups of civilians crossing the newly named McNair bridge. Sign reads, "Lt. Gen. Lesley J. McNair Bridge Designed by 1067 Eng. Const. Gp". A U.S. military government officer wearing a lip microphone addresses a crowd of civilians. Truck equipped with horn-loaded PA speakers amplifies speech. German men, women, and children are deloused using DDT, which is sprayed in power form into their clothing. A German man with an SS blood type tattoo under his left arms is examined. The tattoo identifies him as a former SS soldier. Germans in line to be interviewed for new military government positions. Germans civilians at interview table being questioned. They sign the interview papers using a fingerprint. The first German police force of Cologne, Germany following World War II. They are given arm bands reading, "MG-Police." The former head of the Prussian Senate on camera, identified as one who fought the Nazis.
Tourist destinations and architecture in Germany. Gothic architecture of a magnificent cathedral building in Cologne. Statues and sculptures seen. City scenes from a spire. Vehicles and trams on a street. Buildings and monuments on either side of the street. A bridge on the river Rhine in the background.
Tourist destinations and architecture in Germany. Elevated view as a locomotive train pulling train cars moves across a bridge and on the railroad track. Smoke comes out of it. View of coal fuel piled high behind locomotive. A large crowd gathers at a market place for the Christian Celebration in Cologne. Elevated view of the bustling outdoor marketplace in Cologne. A religious procession winds through the streets - likely an Easter procession. Clergy in the procession and a group of nuns in habits. Clergy and boys in the procession, followed by young girls wearing white and carrying flowers. Clergy carrying banners. A cathedral building in the background.
Allied troops advance towards Cologne in World War II, Germany. Map depicts Allied invasion of Western Europe and advance towards Germany. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of UK Winston Churchill, and Soviet President Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta conference in Ukraine. Allied armored units advance toward Cologne, Germany. Artillery fire shells at buildings. Allied fighter planes bomb enemy positions. Aerial view of Rhine River. Allied units and tanks advance. Allied armored units enter Cologne. Ruins in the city of Cologne.