U.S. troops huddle together on Sherman tanks late in World War 2 in Europe. U.S. Infantry and tanks moving across open fields. View from cottage window of American infantrymen swarming across a field. U.S. tanks and infantry entering outskirts of Cologne, Germany. One soldier plays a French horn, as he marches into town. Several German civilians walking together. German soldier POWs (prisoners of war) being herded under guard of American Army forces. German civilian refugees walking on a road. Graffiti scrawled on wall reads "Hitler ist Kaput". Numerous trucks filled with German prisoners of war. Civilians watching as U.S. Army M10 tank destroyers move into town towing 155mm long tom guns. Amusing graffiti by U.S. troops reads, "I'll walk Cologne" with arrow pointing (alluding to popular song, "I'll Walk Alone.") U.S. troops loading and firing 155 mm long tom guns. Civilians holding their ears, as they watch. U.S. troops entering center of Cologne, Germany. Towers of Cologne Cathedral visible in background. U.S. infantry firing from behind pile of rubble. Tanks rumble through streets of Cologne. House to house fighting. U.S. Army 3rd Armored Division tanks in streets of Cologne, and soldiers with small arms firing at buildings in clearing operations from building to building. A German soldier emerges from building with hands held up in surrender. Tank firing causes part of a building to collapse. Infantry moving along roadway with Cathedral visible in near background. City buildings of Cologne seen destroyed with rubble everywhere. German Mark V Panther tank is hit by fire from U.S. Army gunner Corporal Clarence Smoyer in a M-26 series Pershing tank (a T26E3) with a 90mm gun, at position at the An den Dominikanern and Marzellenstraße crossroads. German Army soldiers jump from the Panther tank. The Panther Tank is hit again from the American Pershing tank, and goes up in flames and smoke. View from wreckage of the Cologne Cathedral. Bridge across the Rhein (Rhine) River. U.S. forces moving across the bridge. A sign posted on bridge pillar reading: "Cross the Rhine with dry feet, COURTESY OF 9TH ARMD DIV." View from vehicle crossing the bridge. U.S. medics treating casualties in wooded area.
Reconstruction of Cologne, Germany. Aerial views of Cologne, Germany in 1930, before its destruction in World War II. Shows pre-war Cologne Cathedral and Hohenzollerm Bridge on the Rhine river. Various buildings in Cologne including train station. Scene change to Fuhrer Adolf Hitler speaking. Aerial and street views of damaged bridges and buildings in Cologne after World War II. Destroyed sewer pipes, piles of rubble in Cologne. American Military Government men, also known as "MG" lined up in streets. The U.S. flag is raised. Signs behind men read, ""Militarregierungsamt" and "military government" Close up faces of MG soldiers. Large groups of civilians crossing the newly named McNair bridge. Sign reads, "Lt. Gen. Lesley J. McNair Bridge Designed by 1067 Eng. Const. Gp". A U.S. military government officer wearing a lip microphone addresses a crowd of civilians. Truck equipped with horn-loaded PA speakers amplifies speech. German men, women, and children are deloused using DDT, which is sprayed in power form into their clothing. A German man with an SS blood type tattoo under his left arms is examined. The tattoo identifies him as a former SS soldier. Germans in line to be interviewed for new military government positions. Germans civilians at interview table being questioned. They sign the interview papers using a fingerprint. The first German police force of Cologne, Germany following World War II. They are given arm bands reading, "MG-Police." The former head of the Prussian Senate on camera, identified as one who fought the Nazis.
Allied troops advance towards Cologne in World War II, Germany. Map depicts Allied invasion of Western Europe and advance towards Germany. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister of UK Winston Churchill, and Soviet President Joseph Stalin meet at Yalta conference in Ukraine. Allied armored units advance toward Cologne, Germany. Artillery fire shells at buildings. Allied fighter planes bomb enemy positions. Aerial view of Rhine River. Allied units and tanks advance. Allied armored units enter Cologne. Ruins in the city of Cologne.
Funeral ceremonies of Konrad Adenauer at Cologne's Cathedral in Germany. Flowers on coffin. Crowd gathers with family of Adenauer. A woman in black dress stands in the crowd. The President of United States Lyndon B Johnson and French President Charles de Gaulle sit. Candles in the foreground. Soldiers bring coffin covered with flag. Priests stand including Josef Cardinal Frings. People watch. Soldiers stand in line on sides of stairs and road. Dignitaries come out and walk on road. Coffin taken on car. Soldiers walk along.
The U.S. soldiers of the 3rd Armored Division in Cologne, Germany during World War II. Rubbled buildings along the street sides. Tanks advance through the debris filled streets. Two soldiers atop pile of debris poised with rifles at the ready. Soldier in prone position atop pile of debris fires a machine gun. View of a German Mark V Panther tank in Komödienstrasse near the Cologne Cathedral. This is shortly after it had knocked out at least one U.S. M4 Sherman tank in Cologne that day. The Panther is one of three German tanks remaining in the city. Combat camera footage from Cameraman Jim Bates shows the attack on the Panther tank as seen from Bates' position in the Deutsche Arbeitsfront building. The Panther is hit by fire from gunner Corporal Clarence Smoyer in a M-26 series Pershing tank (a T26E3) with a 90mm gun, which had just rolled into position at the crossing of An den Dominikanern and Marzellenstraße. (The Pershing is not seen in this footage. It is at street level in front of the building, with the cameraman above). German soldiers jump from the Panther tank. The German Panther Tank receives additional fire from the Pershing and is consumed in flames. Smoke rising up from the tank. Camera pans to view of the Cologne Cathedral and then back to the burning Panther tank.
U.S. First Army troops advance in Cologne, Germany during World War II. View of Cologne Cathedral still standing. Sherman tanks tow away street cars used to block roads. M-26 Pershing tanks roll through streets of Cologne. City almost destroyed by bombing. U.S. Soldiers walk through streets and fire machine guns from behind piles of rubble. Heaps of debris on streets. A German car is struck by a collapsing building. U.S. troops shoot at German soldier walking across street. Sherman tank firing from a park square. A German tank is hit and the crew jumps out. The tank explodes. Wounded German soldier lying on ground. Two American officers shake hands, standing on an abandoned German Panther tank, in front of the Great Dome Cathedral, which was deliberately spared by U.S. bombers. Many German prisoners. Hohenzollern Bridge, destroyed by retreating German forces. A road sign reads: "Welcome to Koln, courtesy of the Spearhead Division." German residents stream back into the wrecked city. A German man sits on his luggage next to a damaged train track. Damaged street car on rubble-filled street. Views of the Cologne Cathedral, standing in the midst of destroyed city.