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Czechoslovakia 1944 stock footage and images

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Scenes of Czechoslovakia beginning in 1918 and gradually moving into the era of World War II

Close-up images of a slide projector as it is turned on and as its Kodak zoom lens moves forward. A picturesque Czech town is seen with numerous historic looking buildings. View of Červená Lhota (Red Village) Castle in South Bohemia. (It has bright red roof tiles, not seen in B&W photos.) A town square and buildings nearby, including one that appears to be a cathedral. A bucolic hillside scene with sheaves of wheat stacked in groups and a village in far background. Farmers moving loaded wagons with teams of oxen. Faming scenes. Local people gathered around a church building, in a rural setting. Closeups of several young girls with their heads covered. A priest conducting mass at a section of the church with altar and backdrop open to the outdoors. Many women are attending and most have their heads covered. Closeup of a woman drinking from a bottle and girls at a marketplace. Girls and a man dressed in traditional costumes. A couple in traditional costumes. Glimpse of bridge over the River Vitava in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Glimpse of isolated church spire in area near city. Pedestrians and horse-drawn carts and wagons moving over the Charles bridge in Prague. Woman with baby in carriage and other pedestrians walking past Statue of Francis Borgia. on the bridge. View from bridge overlooking Wenceslas Square and statue of St Wenceslas, Prague. A tram moves below. Time moves to 1937. Police directing traffic and pedestrians at a busy corner in Prague. People at a flower stall. Glimpse of Adolf Hitler and Hermann Goering. People boarding and riding on trams. Children holding bouquets of flowers. A heavy gun barrel being raised. A backyard with line of wash and children playing in the field. Year is now 1938. German soldiers move a large artillery piece into position on a road. Agreements being signed related to the German annexation of the Sudetenland, portion of Czechoslovakia containing Germans who were incorporated into Czechoslovakia after World War I ). German troops moving into the Sudetenland. Czechs and Germans signing documents, German forces driving into a city. Hitler meeting with Czech officials. Hitler heading a group including Hermann Goering and other high ranking German officials, as they walk along a road in a Sudetenland city where citizens welcome them enthusiastically. Momentary glimpses of persons being mistreated. Sudden change of scene to persons posing, including some in concentration uniforms. Hitler being overwhelmed by flowers. Empty street scene with flowers discarded on the road. Year advances to 1942. Concentration camp inmates pose behind barbed wire. Year, 1943. A young Jewish woman is seen with Star of David and word "Juden" displayed on her jacket and the number 671 on a tag around her neck. Year advances to 1943-1944. View of inmates crammed into a concentration camp.

Date: 1944
Duration: 3 min 3 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German civilian Pusch testifies in trial of Franz Strasser for shooting of American aviator prisoners; scenes from tribunal in Dachau.

Excerpts from 24 August, 1945 military commission tribunal in Dachau. Swearing in of translator and charges read against Franz Strasser for: "Violation of the Laws and Usages of War. In that on or about 9 December 1944, FRANZ STRASSER, Kreisleiter of Kreis Kaplitz, an Austrian National, did at or near Kaplitz, Czechoslovakia, wrongfully and unlawfully kill an American airman, whose name, rank and serial number are unknown, [by shooting him with a machine pistol]. Strasser replies with a plea of not guilty. Next scene shows entry of German civilian truck driver, Josef Pusch, who is sworn in and provides testimony about the incident. Pusch describes the events of the shooting of the American prisoners by Strasser. United States flag and judges on raised platform. U.S. officials, defendants and civilians in the court room. Shows hearing as it begins. The Nazi commandant seated with other officials. The German civilian is questioned by an interpreter. German civilian Pusch identifies Strasser. Pusch gives his account to the tribunal about the shooting of the American flyers.

Date: 1945, August 24
Duration: 8 min 3 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
 
Training film for U.S. troops with the Army of occupation in Germany after world War II

Opens with bell tolling Victory against Germany in World War II. Next, a slate reads: "Victory Leads to Peace," and a farmer is seen with cattle pulling a plow. But narrator says "the problem now is future peace," and a map of Germany is shown overlaid with "Your Job in Germany." A cartoon of a soldier is superimposed on the map, along with one of a World War 1 American soldier and a figure of possible future soldier with similar mission. Camera focuses on parts of German aircraft in a jumbled heap. Closeups of weary defeated German soldiers at end ot World War II. Glimpse of Adolf Hitler speaking and haranguing an audience from a podium. Swastika flags displayed from houses in a quaint German town. Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Reich Minister of Propaganda, at a microphone. Glimpse of a German concentration camp. But as they appear, each of the Nazi elements promptly disappears, showing the scenes without such Nazi symbols and persons. Skeleton remains of bombed buildings. Flower displays. Bucolic German rural countryside and quaint old villages in peaceful settings. Camera focuses on a book titled "German History." Chapter I, titled "Blood and Iron," shows Image of Otto von Bismarck. German troops march in a parade. Narrator states that "under Bismarck, the German empire was built." (He formed the German Empire in 1871, unifying Germany with himself as Imperial Chancellor, while retaining control of Prussia at the same time.) The film shows mounted German lancers as it alludes to Bismarck's campaigns against Denmark in 1867; Austria in 1866; and France, in 1870. Germany's leaders celebrating its status, in 1871, as the mightiest power in Europe. Troops marching and girls dancing nearby. Farmers plowing field with a horse and cow. Classic peaceful rural alpine scenes with local people in agricultural pursuits. A group of local German musicians playing folk music as village people dance outdoors. Back to the book, Kaiser Wilhelm II is shown on Chapter 2, entitled: "Deutschland über Alles." Gathering of German soldiers in Pickelhaube (spiked helmets). A German Big Bertha howitzer firing. German troops marching against Serbia; Russia; and France (with view of war damaged French cathedral). German invasion of Belgium (with view of clock tower resting in rubble). German troops seen in Italy, walking past battle-damaged buildings. German Zeppelin dropping bombs on British targets and view of bombed out London neighborhood. Next scene shows a capsized ship with survivors running across its hull. Film slate labels the scene as United States, as if it is a U.S. ship attacked by Germany. (Actually, it is the Austro-Hungarian Battleship, SMS Szent Istvan, torpedoed, by Italian torpedo boats, during World War I.) Next, American soldiers in trench are seen going "over the top" and into "no man's land" on the western front of World War 1. Glimpse through a window of Kaiser Wilhelm II, after defeat of Germany, in 1918. View of Germans in a Beer Garden. Picturesque view of German town. A German orchestra performing. American soldiers marching out of Germany, with flags waving. Back to the history book,as chapter III is revealed, entitled "Today Germany, tomorrow, the world," and featuring Adolf Hitler. German troops invading Austria (where a civilian lies dead on the ground). German troops entering Czechoslovakia (where local people in tears render the Nazi salute). They march into Poland (where a girl weeps over someone, not seen, on the ground). They march into France (where a wounded, bandaged child cries in a bed). Next, is a scene from England, where a British child victim of bombing lies dead in the remains of a shelter. German troops invading Norway, Holland, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg and Russia (where a woman tries to rouse a dead woman). They invade Yugoslavia (where women sit near coffins of children) and Greece (where a woman rescues a naked child). A U.S. merchant ship explodes after being torpedoed by a German submarine (unseen). Scenes of destruction with people plucking dead victims from rubble of buildings. American troops invading Normandy, France on D-day, June 6, 1944. Several American soldiers fall to German gunfire on the beach. Wounded American soldiers being transported in jeeps on the battlefield and being placed on landing craft for evacuation. Americans walking past huge piles of destroyed aircraft parts. A landing craft filled with wounded American soldiers. American wounded and dead on a battlefield. Sailors abandoning a burning American ship by jumping into the sea. A sailor picked up in a life boat. A wounded American soldier being dragged from the beachhead at Normandy. Various wounds being treated by U.S. Medical Corps personnel. More scenes of American wounded being moved on stretchers. Scene shifts abruptly to German people folk dancing. Film concludes with question marks about the future.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 24 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Adolf Hitler's plans and actions for conquest of Austria and Czech Sudetenland; events leading up to and through Munich Pact

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler ascending stairs to the Bergfhof, accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering, and followed by other high ranking Nazi officers. Inside, General staff officers begin briefing Hitler about plans for German expansion Eastward. Finger points to Austria on map. Next, on March 12, 1938, Border Guards are seen dismantling barriers at the border as German troops march into Austria. German aircraft fly overhead. Hitler stands in his open touring car as it drives into Vienna, where local people line the sidewalk, and welcome him with the Nazi salute. Maps depict the fall of Austria and illustrate the anticipated conquest of Czechoslovakia. Brief overlay image of Bismark as narrator quotes him about Bohemia being key to control of Europe. German troops advancing up steep mountainous terrain. German soldiers on horseback and wagons passing road sign pointing to cities of Karlovy Vary and Cheb, in the west Bohemia region of Czechoslovakia. Czech troops marching in formation with shouldered arms. View of Czech Avia B-534 warplanes at an airfield. Interior of a Czech Skoda works munitions factory. President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, signing papers at his desk. French lancers marching in formation, on parade. (Narrator comments on French military alliances with Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.) View of warships in British fleet. Hitler outdoors, surrounded by German military officers, looking over large maps. Animated map highlights the "Sudetenlands" bordering Germany, including districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and parts of Silesia inside Czechoslovakia, where use of German language was common. Street scene from that area showing some youths in uniforms, marching. Hitler giving speech about bringing the German people together again. The uniformed youth marching at a camp. Sign erected on stone wall at the camp reads: "Die Faune ist mehr als der..."(the flag is more than ...) Youth in Naval garb march on a street with a Nazi flags. Spectators give Nazi salutes. Young men in Khaki uniforms march with Nazi symbols. Scenes shift to similar parades in Norway, Sweden,China,and the United States. Back in Czechoslovakia, Hitler reaches down from his podium to shake hands with parading youth. Images of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Senator Robert Wagner, Wendell Wilkie, Henry J. Kaiser, and American military members, superimposed on American flags. Sudentenland Nazi supporters marching. Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, Sudeten German politician, with a Nazi officer. More views of Sudeten Nazi supporters. Nazis in an office showing blackjacks. Hospitalized Czechs who suffered at hands of Nazi supporters in street fights. Hitler speaking before the Bundestag. Closeup of Joseph Goebbels.Foreign minister Maxine Lichtenhof speaking to League of Nations meeting announcing Russia's readiness to back action against Germany. Czech borders being closed. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arriving by plane in Munich. Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Hermann Goering with Chamberlain, at the meeting to sign the Munich Agreement. View of protests by people in the streets of Czechoslovakia. French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Chamberlain, both being praised by countrymen upon their respective returns from Munich. (Chamberlain seen arriving just before giving famous "peace for our time" speech.)

Date: 1938, September
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
The Hitler Youth mass, hear a speech and carry torches to a bonfire in Jihlava, Czechoslovakia during World War II.

A Hitler Youth torchlight parade in Jihlava, Czechoslovakia during World War II. Costumed children (children in traditional German and Czech outfits) parade in Jihlava during a Czechoslovakian festival. Nazi flags and banners set up in the area. A group of boys is seen holding torches as the narrator indicates that the Nazis established the Adolf Hitler Sthere, where future Party leaders are to be trained (formerly located at Sonthofen, Moravia). German soldiers and Hitler Youth gathered at a bonfire. Scene changes to dog training, performed by German soldiers. Strong dog breeds are shown in training to pull carts and carry loads for supplementary transport in the case of wounded soldiers. Teams of German Shepherd dogs are rigged together with each team pulling a cart driven by a German soldier.

Date: 1944
Duration: 2 min 18 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
A German leader addresses a Hitler Youth conference in Prague, Czechoslovakia during World War II.

A Hitler Youth conference in Prague, Czechoslovakia during World War II. A German leader addresses the Hitler Youth conference. Members of the Hitler Youth and a crowd applaud as the leader speaks.

Date: 1944
Duration: 1 min 18 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Italian
 
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