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Czechoslovakia 1950 stock footage and images

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Czechoslovakia and Soviet relations after World War 2; Dubcek liberalization during Prague Spring; Soviet occupation in 1968

History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians protest, demonstrate, and argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Some approach tanks and attempt to damage the tanks. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.

Date: 1968
Duration: 7 min 49 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
The Czechoslovakian Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk in Czechoslovakia.

Jan Masaryk at his office in Czechoslovakia. Masaryk stands on bridge. Masaryk greeted by President Franklin D Roosevelt and signs a document. Masaryk shakes hands with Trygve Lie. Masaryk at desk makes a brief speech and ends with the words "Truth Shall Conquer".

Date: 1950, May 10
Duration: 1 min 6 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Adolf Hitler's plans and actions for conquest of Austria and Czech Sudetenland; events leading up to and through Munich Pact

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler ascending stairs to the Bergfhof, accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering, and followed by other high ranking Nazi officers. Inside, General staff officers begin briefing Hitler about plans for German expansion Eastward. Finger points to Austria on map. Next, on March 12, 1938, Border Guards are seen dismantling barriers at the border as German troops march into Austria. German aircraft fly overhead. Hitler stands in his open touring car as it drives into Vienna, where local people line the sidewalk, and welcome him with the Nazi salute. Maps depict the fall of Austria and illustrate the anticipated conquest of Czechoslovakia. Brief overlay image of Bismark as narrator quotes him about Bohemia being key to control of Europe. German troops advancing up steep mountainous terrain. German soldiers on horseback and wagons passing road sign pointing to cities of Karlovy Vary and Cheb, in the west Bohemia region of Czechoslovakia. Czech troops marching in formation with shouldered arms. View of Czech Avia B-534 warplanes at an airfield. Interior of a Czech Skoda works munitions factory. President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, signing papers at his desk. French lancers marching in formation, on parade. (Narrator comments on French military alliances with Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.) View of warships in British fleet. Hitler outdoors, surrounded by German military officers, looking over large maps. Animated map highlights the "Sudetenlands" bordering Germany, including districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and parts of Silesia inside Czechoslovakia, where use of German language was common. Street scene from that area showing some youths in uniforms, marching. Hitler giving speech about bringing the German people together again. The uniformed youth marching at a camp. Sign erected on stone wall at the camp reads: "Die Faune ist mehr als der..."(the flag is more than ...) Youth in Naval garb march on a street with a Nazi flags. Spectators give Nazi salutes. Young men in Khaki uniforms march with Nazi symbols. Scenes shift to similar parades in Norway, Sweden,China,and the United States. Back in Czechoslovakia, Hitler reaches down from his podium to shake hands with parading youth. Images of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Senator Robert Wagner, Wendell Wilkie, Henry J. Kaiser, and American military members, superimposed on American flags. Sudentenland Nazi supporters marching. Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, Sudeten German politician, with a Nazi officer. More views of Sudeten Nazi supporters. Nazis in an office showing blackjacks. Hospitalized Czechs who suffered at hands of Nazi supporters in street fights. Hitler speaking before the Bundestag. Closeup of Joseph Goebbels.Foreign minister Maxine Lichtenhof speaking to League of Nations meeting announcing Russia's readiness to back action against Germany. Czech borders being closed. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arriving by plane in Munich. Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Hermann Goering with Chamberlain, at the meeting to sign the Munich Agreement. View of protests by people in the streets of Czechoslovakia. French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Chamberlain, both being praised by countrymen upon their respective returns from Munich. (Chamberlain seen arriving just before giving famous "peace for our time" speech.)

Date: 1938, September
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Peace Campaign in London, England. Mounted Police control crowd at Czechoslovakian Legation, Grosvenor Place

International Peace Campaign in London, England. Policemen ride horses on the street. Buildings in the background. Demonstrators move from Trafalgar Square and march to the Czechoslovakia Legation at Grosvenor Place. Parade is led by men carrying flags of America, Britain, Czechoslovakia, and Russia. A banner carried by marchers reads 'Stand by Czechoslovakia, No plebiscite'. Buses, cars and cyclists pass by. The crowd swells until it fills the entire street and sidewalks, so there is no room for vehicles. Mounted police control the crowd at the Czechlovakian Legation, and facilitate traffic on Grosvenor Place. Four men hold flags of America, Czechoslovakia, Britain and Russia, in front of the Legation. Double decker buses traverse the area. One marcher carries French Tricolor flag. Several men march with drums.

Date: 1938
Duration: 2 min 19 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
The Allied representatives' committee meet to decide the expulsion of Germans in Czechoslovakia.

Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia. A committee of Allied representatives meet to decide the expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia. The members of the committee around a map on a table. Dr. Kuchera, plenipotentiary of the Czech Government, American Colonel J.H.Fye, Executive Officer of CAX in Berlin Lieutenant Colonel Messick, a Czech doctor and Czech Colonel Monzer from the Ministry of National Defense look at the map. Several views of the group looking at the map. Dr. Kuchera rounds with a pencil the areas in Czechoslovakia to be evacuated. Dr. Kuchera, Colonel Fye and Lieutenant Colonel Messick talking. Lieutenant Colonel Messick, wearing spectacles. A portrait hangs on the wall behind.

Date: 1946, October 3
Duration: 2 min 12 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
Scenes of Czechoslovakia beginning in 1918 and gradually moving into the era of World War II

Close-up images of a slide projector as it is turned on and as its Kodak zoom lens moves forward. A picturesque Czech town is seen with numerous historic looking buildings. View of Červená Lhota (Red Village) Castle in South Bohemia. (It has bright red roof tiles, not seen in B&W photos.) A town square and buildings nearby, including one that appears to be a cathedral. A bucolic hillside scene with sheaves of wheat stacked in groups and a village in far background. Farmers moving loaded wagons with teams of oxen. Faming scenes. Local people gathered around a church building, in a rural setting. Closeups of several young girls with their heads covered. A priest conducting mass at a section of the church with altar and backdrop open to the outdoors. Many women are attending and most have their heads covered. Closeup of a woman drinking from a bottle and girls at a marketplace. Girls and a man dressed in traditional costumes. A couple in traditional costumes. Glimpse of bridge over the River Vitava in Prague, Czechoslovakia. Glimpse of isolated church spire in area near city. Pedestrians and horse-drawn carts and wagons moving over the Charles bridge in Prague. Woman with baby in carriage and other pedestrians walking past Statue of Francis Borgia. on the bridge. View from bridge overlooking Wenceslas Square and statue of St Wenceslas, Prague. A tram moves below. Time moves to 1937. Police directing traffic and pedestrians at a busy corner in Prague. People at a flower stall. Glimpse of Adolf Hitler and Hermann Goering. People boarding and riding on trams. Children holding bouquets of flowers. A heavy gun barrel being raised. A backyard with line of wash and children playing in the field. Year is now 1938. German soldiers move a large artillery piece into position on a road. Agreements being signed related to the German annexation of the Sudetenland, portion of Czechoslovakia containing Germans who were incorporated into Czechoslovakia after World War I ). German troops moving into the Sudetenland. Czechs and Germans signing documents, German forces driving into a city. Hitler meeting with Czech officials. Hitler heading a group including Hermann Goering and other high ranking German officials, as they walk along a road in a Sudetenland city where citizens welcome them enthusiastically. Momentary glimpses of persons being mistreated. Sudden change of scene to persons posing, including some in concentration uniforms. Hitler being overwhelmed by flowers. Empty street scene with flowers discarded on the road. Year advances to 1942. Concentration camp inmates pose behind barbed wire. Year, 1943. A young Jewish woman is seen with Star of David and word "Juden" displayed on her jacket and the number 671 on a tag around her neck. Year advances to 1943-1944. View of inmates crammed into a concentration camp.

Date: 1944
Duration: 3 min 3 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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