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Czechoslovakia 1955 stock footage and images

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Life under Soviet domination in Eastern Europe following World War II

Legislators entering a hall in Czechoslovakia, in 1948. Inside,an image of the Small Coat of Arms of the Republic of Czechoslovakia (1920) dominates the scene. New scene shows Gustav Husak, acting Prime Minister, delivering an address urging support for the Communist Party. The next sequence shows violent Communist-led demonstrations, as armed trade unionists riot in the Prague streets, attacking the offices of the political opposition. Police attempt to restore order. On February 25, 1948, the communists achieve a Czechoslovak coup d'état. On February 27th, Czech President, Edvard Benes, receives a delegation including communist Premier Klement Gottwald and the 12 new members of the cabinet, at the Presidential Palace. He is seen signing documents accepting the communist cabinet. Change of scene shows Czech Foreign Minister, Jan Masaryk, giving a speech rejecting the change. (He remained in office, but died under suspicious circumstances on On March 10, 1948.) View of Masaryk in his casket. Mourners at his funeral.The Czech Parliament Building with flag at half staff. President Benes seen strolling, using a cane, accompanied by his wife, Hana Benes, in the garden of their summer home, Benesova vila, in Sezimovo Usti. Narrator notes that he refused to sign a new constitution drawn up by the communists. He died of natural causes at his villa on September 3, 1948. Scenes of his funeral and of him in his casket. Views of Benes' state funeral, with mourners lining the streets. View of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Narrator describes circumstances using Churchill's term "Iron Curtain." A communist parade in an Eastern European city. A person who was roughed up on the street. View of East German uprising in 1953, being suppressed with Soviet tanks. Uprising in Poland in 1955 being put down by local police and Russian soldiers. Polish musicians playing and examples of Polish political cartoons permitted under relaxed communist rule.

Date: 1955
Duration: 2 min 45 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Adolf Hitler's plans and actions for conquest of Austria and Czech Sudetenland; events leading up to and through Munich Pact

Film opens showing Adolf Hitler ascending stairs to the Bergfhof, accompanied by Marshal Hermann Goering, and followed by other high ranking Nazi officers. Inside, General staff officers begin briefing Hitler about plans for German expansion Eastward. Finger points to Austria on map. Next, on March 12, 1938, Border Guards are seen dismantling barriers at the border as German troops march into Austria. German aircraft fly overhead. Hitler stands in his open touring car as it drives into Vienna, where local people line the sidewalk, and welcome him with the Nazi salute. Maps depict the fall of Austria and illustrate the anticipated conquest of Czechoslovakia. Brief overlay image of Bismark as narrator quotes him about Bohemia being key to control of Europe. German troops advancing up steep mountainous terrain. German soldiers on horseback and wagons passing road sign pointing to cities of Karlovy Vary and Cheb, in the west Bohemia region of Czechoslovakia. Czech troops marching in formation with shouldered arms. View of Czech Avia B-534 warplanes at an airfield. Interior of a Czech Skoda works munitions factory. President of Czechoslovakia, Edvard Beneš, signing papers at his desk. French lancers marching in formation, on parade. (Narrator comments on French military alliances with Czechoslovakia and Great Britain.) View of warships in British fleet. Hitler outdoors, surrounded by German military officers, looking over large maps. Animated map highlights the "Sudetenlands" bordering Germany, including districts of Bohemia, Moravia, and parts of Silesia inside Czechoslovakia, where use of German language was common. Street scene from that area showing some youths in uniforms, marching. Hitler giving speech about bringing the German people together again. The uniformed youth marching at a camp. Sign erected on stone wall at the camp reads: "Die Faune ist mehr als der..."(the flag is more than ...) Youth in Naval garb march on a street with a Nazi flags. Spectators give Nazi salutes. Young men in Khaki uniforms march with Nazi symbols. Scenes shift to similar parades in Norway, Sweden,China,and the United States. Back in Czechoslovakia, Hitler reaches down from his podium to shake hands with parading youth. Images of Admiral Chester Nimitz, Lieutenant General Walter Krueger, Senator Robert Wagner, Wendell Wilkie, Henry J. Kaiser, and American military members, superimposed on American flags. Sudentenland Nazi supporters marching. Konrad Ernst Eduard Henlein, Sudeten German politician, with a Nazi officer. More views of Sudeten Nazi supporters. Nazis in an office showing blackjacks. Hospitalized Czechs who suffered at hands of Nazi supporters in street fights. Hitler speaking before the Bundestag. Closeup of Joseph Goebbels.Foreign minister Maxine Lichtenhof speaking to League of Nations meeting announcing Russia's readiness to back action against Germany. Czech borders being closed. British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain arriving by plane in Munich. Benito Mussolini, Adolf Hitler, and Hermann Goering with Chamberlain, at the meeting to sign the Munich Agreement. View of protests by people in the streets of Czechoslovakia. French Prime Minister Edouard Daladier and Chamberlain, both being praised by countrymen upon their respective returns from Munich. (Chamberlain seen arriving just before giving famous "peace for our time" speech.)

Date: 1938, September
Duration: 5 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Ronald Reagan and Walt Disney at 1955 Disneyland opening ceremonies; and scenes from 35th Anniversary of Disneyland in 1990.

Circa-1990 aerial flyover of Disneyland, in Anaheim, California, followed by brief vintage footage of Walt Disney in an office in 1955, introducing Disneyland and showing a giant map of the theme park on his wall. Shots of July 1955 opening ceremony are presented along with shots of the Disneyland 35th anniversary celebration. Ronald Reagan is seen at both events. President Ronald Reagan in 1990 seen congratulating the park on it anniversary. Then a flashback shot to 1955, with actor Ronald Reagan leaning over a balcony of Main Street in Disneyland and talking about the opening celebration. Cutting back to 1990, Roy E. Disney is seen unveiling a plaque at the anniversary celebration. Scene shifts back to 1955, with Walt Disney welcoming visitors to Disneyland during its opening celebration, and a view of a plaque unveiled at the park's opening. In 1990 footage, Roy Disney notes that no one except Walt could have predicted the success of Disneyland. Views of visitors at contemporary Disneyland enjoying a teacup ride and on the Splash Mountain log flume ride, followed by scenes with colored confetti falling at the 35th anniversary celebration.

Date: 1990
Duration: 2 min 40 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Czechoslovakia and Soviet relations after World War2 ; Dubcek liberalization during Prague Spring; Soviet occupation in 1968

History of Czechoslovakia from 1919 to 1968 depicts lives of its people and various crisis. Clip shows combination of still images and moving images, with background of Czech musical soundtrack. A burning Nazi plane shot by Soviet military during World War II. Soviet Red Army marches in Prague, Poland in May 1945 to rescue from German occupation and atrocities. People destroy Nazi emblems and symbols from buildings. People assemble in large numbers on roads and cheer for the incoming Soviet troops and tanks. Civilians of Czechoslovakia during normal life after World War 2. Workers in mines, farmers in field and women work in houses. Spread of communism and communists make a star formation during a rally in Prague (sometimes called the Prague Spring). President Edvard Benes in 1948 signs pact with Soviet government. Photos of Soviet General Joseph Stalin and other Soviet leaders in his office. Various Presidents and leaders of Czechoslovakia during the 1950s. Military and civilian communist groups march on streets in 1956. Czech Skoda automobile production factory scenes in mid 1960s. Workers work in factories and shops till night hours. A Czech textile factory scene. Czech men and women in 1960s fashions enjoying mugs of beer. Several scenes with Alexander Dubček, (Alexander Dubcek), then Soviet leaders Nikita Khrushchev and Nikolai Brezhnev arrive for meeting with Dubček. Smiling Czech people walk in cities and at a cafe during liberalization measures. Soviet and Warsaw Pact tanks, armored vehicles, infantry and aircraft start their occupation ending the Prague Spring in Prague, Bratislave and other cities in August 1968. Civilians argue with Soviet troops and demonstrate in streets. Large crowd of civilians watch the retreating Soviet forces from Czechoslovakia in 1968. Red Army met with agitation and resistance on streets by civilians. Soviet troops fire at some demonstrating civilians.

Date: 1968
Duration: 7 min 49 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Peace Campaign in London, England. Mounted Police control crowd at Czechoslovakian Legation, Grosvenor Place

International Peace Campaign in London, England. Policemen ride horses on the street. Buildings in the background. Demonstrators move from Trafalgar Square and march to the Czechoslovakia Legation at Grosvenor Place. Parade is led by men carrying flags of America, Britain, Czechoslovakia, and Russia. A banner carried by marchers reads 'Stand by Czechoslovakia, No plebiscite'. Buses, cars and cyclists pass by. The crowd swells until it fills the entire street and sidewalks, so there is no room for vehicles. Mounted police control the crowd at the Czechlovakian Legation, and facilitate traffic on Grosvenor Place. Four men hold flags of America, Czechoslovakia, Britain and Russia, in front of the Legation. Double decker buses traverse the area. One marcher carries French Tricolor flag. Several men march with drums.

Date: 1938
Duration: 2 min 19 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
 
The Allied representatives' committee meet to decide the expulsion of Germans in Czechoslovakia.

Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia. A committee of Allied representatives meet to decide the expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia. The members of the committee around a map on a table. Dr. Kuchera, plenipotentiary of the Czech Government, American Colonel J.H.Fye, Executive Officer of CAX in Berlin Lieutenant Colonel Messick, a Czech doctor and Czech Colonel Monzer from the Ministry of National Defense look at the map. Several views of the group looking at the map. Dr. Kuchera rounds with a pencil the areas in Czechoslovakia to be evacuated. Dr. Kuchera, Colonel Fye and Lieutenant Colonel Messick talking. Lieutenant Colonel Messick, wearing spectacles. A portrait hangs on the wall behind.

Date: 1946, October 3
Duration: 2 min 12 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: None
 
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