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Dayton Ohio USA 1943 stock footage and images

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Documentary titled " A Community at War" describes how Dayton,Ohio plans to increase the number of persons employed in its war plants

Film opens showing large factory building with all its lights on at night. Smoke stacks at industrial plant emitting white smoke against dark sky. Sparks flying outdoors from a steel plant at night. Workers inside a fabricating plant drawing a ribbon of hot steel from a roller and dragging a newly made sheet of metal across the floor. Two men with shovels stoking a furnace. Men shaping parts on forging machines. A group of men using sledge hammers to drive down pipe supports under a large piece of sheet metal. Employees at work in a crowded machine shop. A sign reading: "500 workers needed NOW Training on the job." A display of job recruitment announcements in newspapers. A room full of idle manufacturing machinery (ostensibly due to labor shortages). Sign on iron fence outside a building, reads: "Essential WAR WORK Day or Night Men and Women." Some more similar signs.Animated chart of Labor Needs with Labor supply lagging behind, superimposed on a drawing of a defense plant. Map of the USA highlighting areas of industrial might where labor shortages exist. Camera zooms in on Dayton, Ohio on the map. Aerial views all over the city of Dayton, Ohio. View from a tall building overlooking a major Dayton commercial street. The Gem City Savings building, with clock tower on top, at the corner of Third and Main streets. On April 7, 1943, two hundred leading citizens of Dayton are seen attending a meeting at which Stanley C. Allyn, President of the National Cash Register Company, is speaking. He speaks about the danger of Dayton falling behind its war production goals because of manpower difficulties. View of the audience, which includes several military officers in uniform. Allyn speaks of the potential for war work being moved elsewhere because of this, and challenges Dayton's leaders to solve the problem without requiring action from Washington. Next, an emergency committee of community leaders is seen around a table. Camera pans over attendees, including labor leaders from AF of L and CIO; Government officials present, including Area Director and Deputy Regional Director of the War Manpower Commission, and Chief of Program Requirements for the Region; leading industrialists and retailers are shown. Local officials seen include the Mayor of Dayton and Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce as well as the Commanding Army Air Forces Generals of Wright Field and Patterson field. In final scene, Stanley Allyn is seen at the head of the table, speaking to the group. He outlines three ways to obtain more war workers from the Dayton population.

Date: 1943
Duration: 6 min 8 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Recruitment of American women during World War II labor shortage in Dayton,Ohio.

A road to Dayton Ohio, crowded with cars of the 1930s. Men hitch-hiking near a sign reading: "Dayton 47." A steam locomotive pulling a passenger train,speeds past the camera. Arrows on map of Ohio, show areas around Dayton, from which defense workers are being drawn. Closeup of car wheel and tire. Another hitch-hiker at 48 miles from Dayton. Cars converging on the city of Dayton. A line of patrons extending out onto the sidewalk outside the Virginia Cafeteria at 28 East 3rd Street. Another queue of patrons with bags of clothes outside a laundry and dry cleaners establishment. A long line of patrons on the sidewalk outside of a motion picture theater, showing a Western movie starring Johnny Mack Brown and Tex Ritter. A woman places a "No Vacancies" notice over Plaza Apartments sign. Other "No Vacancies" signs posted elswhere. Men and women war plant workers queue up to board buses to factories. Some men step over a rope line to get ahead of others. Closeup of workers crowding into the entrance of a commuter train. View from inside as workers (mostly women) try to board. A long line of men and women on the sidewalk outside a corner cafeteria in a large building.Woman removing "rooms to let" sign from her apartment wiindow. A man posting a "No Vacancy" sign. The office of the War Manpower Commission Area Director. Seated around a table are are seen members of The Dayton Local Labor Management Committee (Dayton War Manpower Committee). Inquiries being received by manufacturers hiring 8 persons or more, as well as personnel officers of the local Army Air Forces Air Fields, seen in uniform. Other employers answering the inquiries. Employers signing letters to the War Manpower Commission, pledging to stop hiring full-time workers, except those approved as war essential, with the understanding that part-time workers would be referred to them as substitutes. A woman in the War Manpower Commission office types a report to the Washington office. Draftsmen at work in an office. Two women going from house-to-house soliciting women to work in the war effort. Views of various women being interviewed. One watching her young son climb on her porch railing, has to rescue him during the interview, and declined to participate. Next, a woman is seen taking small children to a building labeled "Day Nursery." View inside as women leave their small children in the care of other women providing care for them. Many children seated at tables having a meal. Closeups of some of the children. Street scene with many women pedestrians. A publication called "The War Worker," showing an illustration of a man and a woman side-by-side going to war jobs. It lists war jobs open to women (and men). A team of motion picture workers filming a woman operating a machine, in a publicity shot encouraging such war work. View of a finished film called "Dayton Women are Marching to War !." Men and women in movie theater watching the film. Reporters for radio stations WHIO and WING, interviewing women in defense plants. View inside a local home where women playing bridge are listening to the interviews on a large console radio. Views of the City of Dayton with large billboards encouraging people to get jobs to help the war effort. Newpaper headlines related to the status of the ongoing World War 2. Advertisements inside the newspaper encouraging women to get wartime jobs. Glimpse of the city. Brief view of many women inside a war plant.Aerial view of the city.

Date: 1943
Duration: 7 min 17 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
People from all walks of life switch to war work in Dayton,Ohio during World War 2.

Residents of Dayton Ohio, transfer from ordinary pursuits to perform war-critical work in World War 2. Men and women are seen lined up inside offices of the United States Employment Service (USES) in Dayton, Oho. All prospective male workers are cleared through the USES. Certain occupations are reserved for women only. Women doing needlework in their homes, switch to war work instead. One is seen filing a part in a factory. A soda jerk takes on work in a machine shop. A bootblack shining shoes, ostensibly moves into war work. Back, inside the U.S. Employment Service offices, representatives of defense plants set up tables and hire prospective workers on the spot. Workers leaving a Dayton war plant during a shift change. Cars and pedestrians during regular shopping hours in a local town. View of a downtown commercial district. The Manpower Emergency Committee in a meeting. New Store hours are posted for various businesses. A newspaper announcement of special store night hours for war workers. A company poster listing "Victory Store Hours." Dayton stores and shoppers conducting business after dark on nights when shops were open for war workers. Views of shoppers patronizing various retail stores, including a McCrory 5 and 10 cent store, a market store, and a department store. High School girls working in a ladies shop part-time, serving customers. A soldier in uniform sitting with a woman shopping for new shoes.

Date: 1943
Duration: 3 min 24 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Film summarizing efforts by City of Dayton, Ohio to overcome labor shortage and meet defense production goals in World War II

The City of Dayton, Ohio's local war manpower and emergency committee members are seen gathered around a table to discuss what other than just more workers is needed to meet the war production goals set for the city during World War 2. An animated diagram superimposed on a drawing of a factory, charts the labor needs vs. labor supply. For the management side, the chart cites matters that need to be addressed, including: personnel management; plant layout; reduction in turnover, and absenteeism; and better working conditions, Regarding labor itself, the chart cites the following as needed: additional women; transfers from non-essential jobs; minority groups; part-time workers; and handicapped workers. Next, the emergency committee of community leaders is seen around a table. They are being addressed by Stanley C. Allyn, President of the National Cash Register Company, who notes that Dayton has partially solved its manpower shortage and expects to meet its war production goals.Camera pans over attendees, including labor leaders from AF of L and CIO; Government officials present, including Area Director and Deputy Regional Director of the War Manpower Commission, and Chief of Program Requirements for the Region; leading industrialists and retailers are shown. Local officials seen include the Mayor of Dayton and Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce as well as the Commanding Army Air Forces Generals of Wright Field and Patterson field. Mr. Allyn discusses further work to be done with as much emphasis on human relations as on the mechanics of production. An animated map shows Dayton and other areas of labor shortage, all over the United States. Workers in a factory are seen moving propeller blades across the floor by twirling them on end. Propellers assembled on their hubs are moved across the factory floor on wheeled stands. Artillery shells are seen protruding from containers. Browning aircraft machine guns moving along a conveyor belt. M3 Lee tanks being completed and moving across a factory floor. Glimpse of bombers in production. Army trucks lined up in formation at a factory yard. Closeups of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. (Narrator notes importance Eisenhower places on full support from the home front as essential to the war effort.)

Date: 1943
Duration: 3 min 48 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
New construction taking place in Dayton,Ohio, to accommodate influx of war workers during World War II

The city of Dayton, Ohio working to deal with its housing shortage during World War 2. Influx of World War II war production workers causes many workers to live in group homes and shelters. Women in an open common area of a shelter with many bunks and cots for beds. Men and women are seen in shared living quarters, doing ordinary thing, such as reading , conversing, sewing, and ironing clothes, and preparing food in a common kitchen. A billboard in a field, announces "Hartman Homes, developed by the Dayton Metropolitan Housing Authority. A victory Housing Project of the Federal Public Housing Authority." Camera pans to show a wide expanse of ground being worked with a steam shovel, as construction begins. Engineers and builders look over plans at the job site. Scene shifts to another housing project site with some attached houses already constructed. At another location several fairly large single family dwellings are seen in mid-stage of construction. A low apartment house is seen under construction as well as various new streets with newly built homes. A large building in downtown Dayton displays a sign reading: "This property is being remodeled to house War Workers."

Date: 1943
Duration: 1 min 4 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Blind, deaf, crippled and old American workers assisting in the war production effort in Dayton, Ohio, during World War II

Disabled and elderly workers contributing to the labor force during World War 2, in Dayton Ohio. Opening scene shows a woman supervisor observing deaf mute women in a lens factory, cleaning segments of bifocal lenses. Closeup of supervisor and one worker communicating by American sign language. A blind man in a shop, using a snap gauge to check finished parts for conformity. A man on crutches taking his place on a war production line. Older men in the shipping department of a factory, packaging and sealing delicate instruments in cartons and placing them on a dolly. (Women can be seen at work in another part of the plant.) Members of the Dayton Junior Association of Commerce, lined up applying for part-time employment of 4 hours a day, to help the war effort. Students leaving a High School building. (Narrator states schedules were re-arranged for students who would take part-time jobs.)

Date: 1943
Duration: 51 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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