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Denmark 1944 stock footage and images

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Denmark under German martial law during World War II

Film made by Danes, after increasing tensions between them German forces that invaded them in 1940, came to a head in August 1943, and the Germans placed Denmark under martial law. It covers the period 1943 and 1944, after which it was smuggled out of the country. Opening scene shows pallbearers at the funeral of Kaj Harald Leininger Munk (aka Kaj Munk) a Danish playwright and Lutheran pastor, who was assassintated by Nazi Gestapo agents, on 4 January, 1944. Narrator states that Nazi murder leagues assassinated some of Denmark's greatest leaders to intimidate the Danes and quell any rebellions. The coffin of Pastor Munk is lowered into its grave. Memorial stone and flowers are shown. Smoke rising and then a large conflagration are seen, from Danish acts of sabotage. Damaged buildings and more fires, from Danish sabotage, are seen. In response, the "Schalburg Corps," a Danish volunteer branch of the Nazi SS, began counter-sabotage (called Shalbotage by the Danes). Film shows fireman on ladders at the building of the Paramount Movie Company, Ltd. where smoke is coming from the windows. (Narrator says film companies that refused every form of collaboration were blown up.) View of severely damaged Nordisk film studio at Helerup. Windows shattered in department stores and in all shops along a street. Illums Bolighus (famous store of Scandinavian design) and many others are wrecked. Camera pans up the side of damaged building with bird painted on its side and the words: "mod lysere Dage.." (Brighter Days). Views of the destroyed Royal Yacht Club pavilion, in Copenhagen harbor. Destruction in Tivoli Gardens. Its concert hall completely destroyed. Fire burning at the Syndicate, Denmark's largest armaments factory, from bombing by saboteurs, in June, 1944. Danes walking in Copenhagen, on a summer evening, flaunting the Nazi curfew from 8PM to 6AM and then lighting bonfires after dark. Abandoned wheel barrows and empty streets are shown when residents of Copenhagen all go home in a general strike. Several German soldiers are seen in otherwise empty street, as the German Commander in Chief declares the city of Copenhagen under siege. A German tank parked in the street amidst pedestrians. Barricades set up by strikers in a street. The American flag flying high over a street. The "Bulldog" a department store in flames. A car serving as an ambulance drives down a street displaying a white flag. A long line of Danes wait at a street corner shop for self-rationed food. Danes drawing fresh water from lakes to be brought to hospitals, where needed. View from above of strikers at a barricade. Narrator states that after 5 days, the Germans gave in and agreed to Danish terms. View of open area in the city, where people stand in silence to commemorate those who lost their lives in the struggle. Danish man looking through chain link fence. More scenes of continued sabotage by Danes.

Date: 1944
Duration: 4 min 53 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Training film for U.S. troops with the Army of occupation in Germany after world War II

Opens with bell tolling Victory against Germany in World War II. Next, a slate reads: "Victory Leads to Peace," and a farmer is seen with cattle pulling a plow. But narrator says "the problem now is future peace," and a map of Germany is shown overlaid with "Your Job in Germany." A cartoon of a soldier is superimposed on the map, along with one of a World War 1 American soldier and a figure of possible future soldier with similar mission. Camera focuses on parts of German aircraft in a jumbled heap. Closeups of weary defeated German soldiers at end ot World War II. Glimpse of Adolf Hitler speaking and haranguing an audience from a podium. Swastika flags displayed from houses in a quaint German town. Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Reich Minister of Propaganda, at a microphone. Glimpse of a German concentration camp. But as they appear, each of the Nazi elements promptly disappears, showing the scenes without such Nazi symbols and persons. Skeleton remains of bombed buildings. Flower displays. Bucolic German rural countryside and quaint old villages in peaceful settings. Camera focuses on a book titled "German History." Chapter I, titled "Blood and Iron," shows Image of Otto von Bismarck. German troops march in a parade. Narrator states that "under Bismarck, the German empire was built." (He formed the German Empire in 1871, unifying Germany with himself as Imperial Chancellor, while retaining control of Prussia at the same time.) The film shows mounted German lancers as it alludes to Bismarck's campaigns against Denmark in 1867; Austria in 1866; and France, in 1870. Germany's leaders celebrating its status, in 1871, as the mightiest power in Europe. Troops marching and girls dancing nearby. Farmers plowing field with a horse and cow. Classic peaceful rural alpine scenes with local people in agricultural pursuits. A group of local German musicians playing folk music as village people dance outdoors. Back to the book, Kaiser Wilhelm II is shown on Chapter 2, entitled: "Deutschland über Alles." Gathering of German soldiers in Pickelhaube (spiked helmets). A German Big Bertha howitzer firing. German troops marching against Serbia; Russia; and France (with view of war damaged French cathedral). German invasion of Belgium (with view of clock tower resting in rubble). German troops seen in Italy, walking past battle-damaged buildings. German Zeppelin dropping bombs on British targets and view of bombed out London neighborhood. Next scene shows a capsized ship with survivors running across its hull. Film slate labels the scene as United States, as if it is a U.S. ship attacked by Germany. (Actually, it is the Austro-Hungarian Battleship, SMS Szent Istvan, torpedoed, by Italian torpedo boats, during World War I.) Next, American soldiers in trench are seen going "over the top" and into "no man's land" on the western front of World War 1. Glimpse through a window of Kaiser Wilhelm II, after defeat of Germany, in 1918. View of Germans in a Beer Garden. Picturesque view of German town. A German orchestra performing. American soldiers marching out of Germany, with flags waving. Back to the history book,as chapter III is revealed, entitled "Today Germany, tomorrow, the world," and featuring Adolf Hitler. German troops invading Austria (where a civilian lies dead on the ground). German troops entering Czechoslovakia (where local people in tears render the Nazi salute). They march into Poland (where a girl weeps over someone, not seen, on the ground). They march into France (where a wounded, bandaged child cries in a bed). Next, is a scene from England, where a British child victim of bombing lies dead in the remains of a shelter. German troops invading Norway, Holland, Denmark, Belgium, Luxembourg and Russia (where a woman tries to rouse a dead woman). They invade Yugoslavia (where women sit near coffins of children) and Greece (where a woman rescues a naked child). A U.S. merchant ship explodes after being torpedoed by a German submarine (unseen). Scenes of destruction with people plucking dead victims from rubble of buildings. American troops invading Normandy, France on D-day, June 6, 1944. Several American soldiers fall to German gunfire on the beach. Wounded American soldiers being transported in jeeps on the battlefield and being placed on landing craft for evacuation. Americans walking past huge piles of destroyed aircraft parts. A landing craft filled with wounded American soldiers. American wounded and dead on a battlefield. Sailors abandoning a burning American ship by jumping into the sea. A sailor picked up in a life boat. A wounded American soldier being dragged from the beachhead at Normandy. Various wounds being treated by U.S. Medical Corps personnel. More scenes of American wounded being moved on stretchers. Scene shifts abruptly to German people folk dancing. Film concludes with question marks about the future.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 24 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German occupation, martial law, and Danish resistance in Denmark during World War II

Film about Denmark after the German occupying force declared martial law and state of war with Denmark, in 1943-44 during World War 2. It was made by Danes and smuggled out of Denmark during that period. Opens with view of a church building and flocks of birds. Views of German army troops marching into Copenhagen, Denmark on 9 April 1940. SS troops dressed in black, marching. German soldiers carrying rifles with fixed bayonets, goosestepping. A fire burning at site sabotaged by Danish resistance elements in 1943. Derailed trains carrying goods to Germany. Fire at a German factory. Danish workers with bicycles staging a strike in protest German measures in response to resistance actions. Danes gathered in outdoor observance memorializing those killed by the Germans. A shop owned by German sympathizers (Quislings) destroyed by other Danes. People gathered on street on 29 August 1943, when the occupying German forces attacked the remaining Danish garrison and declared martial law. Announcement posted in Danish on a wall. View of Danish Naval vessels ordered scuttled by the Danish Admiralty, including the coastal defense ship,Peder-Skram, seen in front of a large building, the submarine, Havfruen (not seen) and others seen sunk at docks in Copenhagen harbor. Bullet hole through a glass window. A week later, on Sunday, 5 September, 1943, a German Panzer light tank is seen moving on a street, as pedestrians go about their business in Copenhagen. German soldiers patrolling on a motorcycle with sidecar. A man holding his hands up as he is hustled through a crowd under arrest by a German in black uniform. Motorcycle driving through pedestrians on the sidewalk. Spectators line a fence by an open field near a building labeled "Badstue Badminton." One, a woman, speaks through the fence to a Danish soldier interned there. View of the quarters of the Royal Guard at Rosenborg, occupied by German soldiers and with Nazi flag flying above it. Civilian relatives of interned men wait outside army headquarters for news about them. A courtyard, during a mass funeral, is filled with memorial flower wreaths covering the coffins of Danish soldiers and civilians killed by the Germans. Camera focuses on a wreath from King Christian of Denmark, among the many others. Two German soldiers march up a path at the Royal Residence Amalienborg, where King Christian is arrested. Views from moving camera as Danish flags are seen flying all over the city of Copenhagen, on 26 September, 1943, to celebrate the King's 73rd Birthday. The major exception is the Nazi Gestapo headquarters in the "Shellhus" (the prewar Shell Oil offices) shown in isolation. Views of people moving their belongings on hand carts after their homes were taken over by Germans. The slogan in English, "Do it well and do it now,"is seen left by Danish resistance fighters where they sabotaged a German military installation.

Date: 1940
Duration: 4 min 42 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes of German invasion of Denmark and Norway in 1940

Invasion of Denmark and Norway by Germany on 9th April,1940 during World War II. Invasion of Denmark: German warships and troop ships underway towards Denmark. A Nazi Navy ensign flag flying and German soldiers on a deck. A large gun on the deck. Infantry with machine guns. The soldiers look through binoculars. German Heinkel 111 bombers fly overhead. German tanks roll along street in Denmark. German troops unload from ships at a pier and parade through the streets of Denmark. Invasion of Norway: Interior view of German Ju 52 transport airplane loaded with troops and bicycles. An air view of Norway coast. Heinkel 111 aircraft in flight. Numerous German float planes seen in harbor below. Ju 52 comes in for landing. Several Ju 52s on an airport. Troops unload from one and march from the field. German troops take up positions. A radio tower being guarded. A Nazi soldier on guard at Oslo airport. Formations of Me bf 109 aircraft fly overhead. German troops in defensive positions overlooking a port. Ju 88 bombers overhead, and bombing coastal area. German troops marching in Oslo, Norway.

Date: 1940, April 9
Duration: 3 min 21 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Famous castles and Royal residences in Denmark

View,through trees, of Klampenborg Hermitage (AKA Eremitageslottet or The Eremitage Castle) in Dyrehaven (Deer park), North of Copenhagen, Denmark (a former Royal hunting ground). Various animals are seen moving in flocks and herds. Summer residence of Danish Royal families, Sorgenfri Palace,located in the Lyngby-Taarbæk municipality in Greater Copenhagen. Uniformed guards are seen at the gates. An officer on horseback rides out the gate. Frederiksborg castle, Hillerod, Denmark. Fredensborg Palace on the eastern shore of Lake Esrumon, the island of Zealand, Denmark. (It is the Danish Royal Family’s spring and autumn residence.) View of Kronborg castle in Elsinore, Denmark (famous from Shakespeare's Hamlet).

Date: 1936
Duration: 55 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Scenes of Invasion of Poland and Denmark by Germany, as covered during the Nuremberg Trials.

Flashbacks of Nazi activities during World War II presented during Nuremberg Trials. Chief prosecutor from Great Britain, Hartley Shawcross, presents Count No 2, Crimes Against Peace, meaning wars of aggression in violation of international treaties and agreements. Lieutenant Colonel Schumt relates Adolf Hitler's plans to occupy Poland. View of a truck and uniformed Germans marching and agitating in Poland to advocate annexation by Germany (under Albert Forster). On August 23, 1939, Joseph Stalin and Joachim von Ribbentrop sign Russian-German non-aggression pact. Flashback view of convoy of German tanks moving near farm fields toward Poland. View of Pope Pius XII and then Franklin Delano Roosevelt appealling to Germany not to attack Poland or other sovereign nations. Raucous laughter in Reichstag as Hitler addresses German leaders and describes the appeal by Roosevelt. September 1, 1939, scenes of German troops invading Poland as Luftwaffe begins mass bombing raid. Artillery guns fire, troops in jeeps, personnel carriers, and motorcycles stream into Poland. Aerial view of Luftwaffe aircraft in formation approaching Poland and bombing Polish cities. Bombs away view as bombs fall from aircraft to ground and explosions and smoke seen on ground in Poland. City buildings in Poland seen in flames and crumbling to the ground. Line of German Wehrmacht Army forces marching on roadways into invaded territory. German Army seen invading Denmark on April 9, 1940. German sailors aboard fast moving German ship. German army soldiers aiming machine guns. Camera view of German tank as tank gun is lowered directly toward camera. German forces occupy a North Sea dock area of coastal Denmark, German tanks and vehicles drive on streets and sidewalks in Denmark as Danish citizens run and leap out of the way. Danish citizens stand quietly along sides of a road as German Army marches into a city of Denmark.

Date: 1939
Duration: 4 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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