Russian reinforcements arrive in the Romanian Province of Dobrudja to help hold off German troops advancing under command of Marshal August von Mackensen, during World war 1. The Russian troops are seen at an established camp in a forest. They have erected shelters and smoke can be seen rising from a stovepipe in one. Several Russian soldiers cut tree limbs and set up camouflaged defensive positions, under the direction of an officer. A Russian infantryman hiding in brush, loads a clip of ammunition in his rifle. A messenger on horseback arrives and reports to the officer, who sends him on his way. (WWI; WW1)
View of a road in Romania, crowded with refugees, carrying their belongings as they flee ahead of oncoming German troops during World War 1. They use every imaginable method to transport their property, including bullock carts and wagons. Some simply carry their belongings. (World War 1; WWI; WW1)
Albert Thomas, French First Minister of Armament, stands in a field with a french General. A number of French Officers stand behind them. Romanian King Ferdinand arrives with members of his staff and proceeds to decorate French General Henri Mathias Berthelot.
Albert Thomas joins Romanian and French officers who congratulate General Berthelot. King Ferdinand stands at the head of several officers and reviews elements of French Army forces as they parade past.
German invasion of Eastern European countries during World War II. Maps of Manchuria and Ethiopia. Newspaper headlines. Maps of various European countries conquered by Nazi Germany including Poland. Newspaper printing press running. Newspaper headlines declaring war against Germany. Herald newspaper headline reads, WAR. Animated map of Germany shows the Nazi symbol spreading across Europe with fire. German Chancellor Adolf Hitler and officers at a map as they confer. Maps of Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria. Hungarian pheasant farmers gather grain in Hungary. Ore car heaped with bauxite in Hungary. Aluminum sheet rolling down conveyor belt. German aircraft parked in line with propellers spinning. Hungarian soldiers marching in parade with crowd giving Nazi salute. Grain pouring into holding bin. Oil derricks in Romania. Romanian soldiers marching in parade. Animated map depicts the importance of cities of Varna and Burgas in Bulgaria for their submarine bases in the Black Sea. Admiral Miklos von Nagybanya Horthy of Hungary, Prime Minister of Romania General Ion Antonescu, King Michael of Romania and King Boris of Bulgaria. Newspaper headlines include 'Bulgarian King Joins Axis', "Bulgarian Revolts Bring 1200 Arrests', 'Riots Sweep Romania', and 'Hungarian Revolt Brewing' German motorcycles with sidecars driving into Hungary. German artillery being towed into Hungary. German soldiers driving halftracks drive into Romania and Bulgaria. Animated map depicts the plan for invasion of Greece.
United States President Richard Nixon on tour to Romania. Honor guards troops lined outside a government building in Romania. A rifleman of the honor guard. Commander of the troop instructs them. National flags of United States and Romania outside the building. Motorcade of President Richard Nixon arrives. Honor guards salute as Nixon descends from his car. Romanian leaders and dignitaries shake hands and welcome President Nixon.
Transportation and production of oil in Europe. Transportation of oil via railroad tank cars from the refining center at Ploiesti (Ploesti) in Romania. View of the Moreni oil center in the Prahova district in Romania. Several oil derricks. An oil rig in operation on a hill side.