On February 23, 1945, Allies commence operations to cross the Ruhr River in Germany, during World War 2. U.S.artillerymen fire 155mm guns from West bank of Ruhr River,against German lines on the East bank. Troops of Allied 1st and 9th Armies await signal to follow advance platoons that crossed the Ruhr earlier. M4 Sherman tanks fire guns at the river edge. Through misty conditions, troops of 104th Infantry Division, 415th Regiment, carry assault craft and begin crossing the river and attacking the industrial area of North Duren. U.S. soldiers are seen running across fields near large factory buildings and firing from them. Troops walk along street in Duren, after its capture. U.S. troops seen entrenched. A medic adjusts his personal flotation belt. They leave their positions and move along a road to cross the river at Linnich. All soldiers are wearing personal flotation belts as they paddle small assault boats across the swift moving river under enemy fire. One assault boat is overturned. Drenched soldiers make it to land and continue their advance. Army engineers construct a floating footbridge, under enemy fire. A soldier runs across the bridge as an American light airplane flies low overhead, surveying the operation. U.S. troops move through destroyed towns and villages. Large group of captured German prisoners marches toward the rear, with arms held above their heads.
Activities of American First Army advancing eastward in Germany in December of 1944 during World War 2. Units of the 9th Divisions are moved up by truck and meet retiring units of the 1st Division at a road intersection. They enter town of Lucherberg after an artillery barrage, then attack through Inden and close in on Pier Germany. View of ruined buildings and wreckage in Pier, Germany. Sign of 'Duren'. U.S. Army 3rd Armored Division enters into German town on trucks and army tanks. 3rd Armored Division fires artillery at town of Schlich Germany, and are joined in the attack by soldiers of newly arrived 9th Infantry Division. Artillery barrage underway, with targets in Schlich visible in distance. Armored vehicles and soldiers move through mud advancing on Schlich with new piece of equipment known as a rotary mine exploder. German troops are rounded up as prisoners by U.S. Infantry. Gunners fire. On December 11, German prisoners assemble for inspection. Some of the German prisoners appear to be young boys. Smoke screen thrown up by Allies to cover movement of armored column heading into German towns across open field. U.S. Army soldiers enter into wrecked town of Geich, Germany, where buildings are destroyed and still burning. Armor and supply vehicles move through mud. Infantry of 83rd Division arrive as reinforcements and march in snow covered area toward a suburb of Duren. U.S. mortar fire pins Germans retreating toward Ruhr. Infantry attack to clear town outside Duren, and Infantry mop up, clearing German snipers. German troops and female collaborators are rounded up as prisoners. American First Army infantry forces marching on a road, continuing eastward.
Activity in Germany during World War II. War damaged buildings in the town of Duren. Piles of debris in front of broken houses. A wall of a bombed building with German insignia. A Victoria Street sign. Damaged gravestones and crosses at a bombed cemetery.
Activity in Germany during World War II. War damaged buildings in the town of Duren. United States Army jeeps and trucks drive past bombed buildings. A pile of debris with damaged trees in the foreground.
Nazi soldiers at attention with guns drawn in Berlin during World War 2. U.S. soldiers on watch from damaged Berlin building. Man watching Berlin wall with binoculars while sitting in car. Pan American passenger airplane in flight after the war. Pan American passenger reading Time and other magazines. Aerial view of Berlin early 1960s. Pan American plane landing at Tempelhof Airport. Pan American passengers descending to tarmac under sign that reads, "Today Pan American has completed 93153 Transatlantic Crossings" Brandenburg Gate early 1960s. Drive through Brandenburg Gate in the 1920s. Drive through Berlin in the 1920s. Tourist bus flying American flag departs in Berlin 1920s. Berlin University 1920s. Early Nazis driving in Berlin streets. Hitler saluting parade. Hitler addressing Germans. Berlin in ruins Spring 1945 as tanks pass in front of Brandenburg Gate. Old starving woman walks on streets of Berlin amist ruins in 1945. Ruins of Berlin include Reichstag Building during 1945 battle. Women and children emerging from underground Berlin bunker in 1945, to a scene of devastation and rubble in the city. Ground view of the ruined Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church (Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche or Gedächtniskirche). Interior of ruined Reichstag Building. Potsdam Conference 1945, Map of WWII Europe. Berlin map, including official Berlin map with signatures showing Zones of Occupation. Germany allied control authority gathering including American, British, and Soviet representatives. French, American, Soviet flags in Germany. Rebuilding of Berlin mostly by women clearing rubble, using shovels, wheelbarrows and cleaning old bricks for reuse. Over crowded train in Germany post-WWII filled with civilian refugees abandoning the cities and heading to the countryside of Germany to resettle.
Activities of American First Army in its invasion of Germany during World War 2. Animated map shows 1st Army moves into the direction of Cologne plain east of the Hurtgen Forest for invasion into Germany. 1st Infantry and 3rd Armored Division move to Mausbach and 104th Division move to Stolberg on November, 16. Two barrage balloons manned by the British on outskirts of Aachen are seen rising up from the ground to be floated eastward marking the line of the German enemy positions. Aerial view of Allied bomber aircraft, both American and British, dropping fragmentary and incendiary bombs on Duren. Reconnaissance group of the 104th Division readies for drive through Stolberg. They are seen removing camouflage from vehicles, and watching the skies for completion of the Allied aerial bombardment of the forward target. 104th Division recon group seen holding a briefing and studying map. U.S. Army infantry advance through a forest area, while assault guns of the 3rd Armored Division cover their movement. Result of German counter fire: Casualties are evacuated from a demolished Allied batallion command post near Stolberg. Wounded American soldiers carried on stretchers and the town's civilians receive first aid.