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Eastern Europe 1944 stock footage and images

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Documentary film 'The Road to the Wall' shows communist oppression in Russia, Eastern Europe, China and Cuba.

Film 'The Road to the Wall' depicts the rise of communism in Russia, Eastern Europe, China and Cuba. Opening scene shows a newly build section of the Berlin Wall, early in its construction period, and a line of German people viewing the newly built wall between East Germany and West Germany. Historical retrospective shows various scenes of refugees in various countries (China; somewhere in Europe) walking on roads and uphill with baggage in hand. Communist troops march. Refugees walk bare foot. Man carrying a child on his back. Huge gathering of people in Moscow at the Kremlin wall (near future site of Lenin's tomb). Vladimir Ilyich Lenin speaks to a crowd in Russia during the Russian Revolution. Refugee women and children being checked by soldiers as they attempt to board a train. Closeup of a baby looking frustrated or angry. Bodies of dead refugees on the ground. View of Fidel Castro, in January 1959, with Che Guevara, and other rebels or revolutionaries, in Cuba. A person being executed by a Che Guevara revolutionary firing squad. Huge parade in Communist China in 1960. View of Chinese workers manually pulling what appears to be, a heavy gun carriage. Parade of communists in East Germany in 1961. The Berlin wall, and East German policeman on horseback riding to intercept persons attempting to cross. A few East German people makingtheir escape from East Berlin to West Berlin by running through a gap in barbed wire at the Berlin Wall border, and being escorted by West Berliners afterward. Armed East German guards at border marked with barbed wire and other obstacles.

Date: 1962
Duration: 2 min 11 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German army retreats from the eastern front and destroy railroads and Russian villages in their way, during World War II.

German Army retreats from the Eastern Front and destroy railroads and villages in their way, during World War II. A map shows German expansion on the eastern front in Estonian LIthuanian border in Europe, during World War II. German soldiers retreat from the eastern front towards a new line of defense. German soldiers dynamite railroad tracks and retreat from a burning village. Natives of the village evacuate it with their luggage and livestock. Soviet tanks and trucks damaged by German small arms and artillery fired.

Date: 1944
Duration: 2 min 54 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Events of World War 2, and creation of United Nations Organization following the surrender of Germany and Japan

Summary of World War II events and formation of the United Nations Organization. Soviet troops on Eastern Front of Europe fire artillery on German positions in 1944. Russian troops advance. German soldiers come out of buildings and surrender. Allied Forces land in France on D-Day. Allied troops and tanks fight Germans on streets. German prisoners of war march along road. In 1945, the Allied leaders meet at Yalta on the Crimean Peninsula to discuss Allied military strategy in the final months of WWII. Leaders included British PM Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin D Roosevelt and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin. The meeting of U.S. and Russian troops at the Elbe River. Aerial view of Berlin in ruins, as seen from low-flying aircraft flying directly over the Unter den Linden boulevard and the Brandenburg Gate. Wrecked and bombed German buildings seen everywhere. German officials signing surrender instrument at Rheims. U.S. President Harry S Truman, Winston Churchill and Joseph Stalin at Potsdam Conference. U.S. Marines battling on beaches of Pacific Islands. Iconic shot of U.S. Marines raising the American flag on Mount Suribachi at Iwo Jima. Aerial view of bombed Tokyo, Japan. The Japanese surrender to MacArthur aboard the battleship USS Missouri. General MacArthur speaks aboard Missouri. Victory celebrations all across the world on V-J Day. Crowd on street celebrates. Crowd jams streets. Delegates of Nations, among them Andrei Gromyko and Vyascheslav Molotov meet in San Francisco and create a United Nations organization. Truman arrives at signing of UN charter. Various delegates sign charter. U.S. troops disembark at U.S. ports and discharged.

Date: 1945
Duration: 7 min 19 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
American Undersecretary of War speaks to difficulties facing Allies in confronting Germany and Japan in World War II

Undersecretary of War, Robert Porter Patterson, Sr. speaks about a report from the General staff outlining the needs for combating Germany and Japan in World War 2. He cites Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily, as an example of what will be needed. He continues to narrate in the background as an animated map appears showing the buildup of supplies and Allied forces in North Africa; Allied air forces flying 60 thousand sorties over Sicily and, the direct amphibious assault using 3,200 vessels. Map also depicts opposing forces of 12 (“unwilling”) Italian Divisions and 3-1/2 German Divisions. View of Allied troops carrying some of their 31 thousand casualties on stretchers from field ambulances. Allied medics attending to the wounded. Some are seen lying on stretchers in a row on the ground near a wall. Interior of a field hospital where surgeons and other medical personnel treat the wounded. Animated map shifts to Europe with Germany at its center, showing , in contrast to Sicily that was only an “outpost,”, the heavily fortified perimeter of Axis controlled areas; the axis industrial might; and the disposition of 300 German Divisions (mostly on the Eastern front) defending the region. Next, the map illustrates Japan’s defended regions in the Pacific Image returns to Undersecretary Patterson i n his office, speaking of the Allied offensives planned for next year (1944), and emphasizing their challenge and difficulty. Scene shifts to General Jonathan Wainwright and his garrison at Corregidor, in the Philippines, surrendering to Japanese forces in 1941. Japanese military camera pans over the Americans being taken prisoner. Other Americans and Filipinos are seen being marched together under guard. Scene shifts to classic views of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941. View of Japanese soldiers executing two Chinese civilians in 1937. Dangling bodies of persons hung by Nazis during Operation Barbarossa in Russia, in 1941 A Russian soldier comforts a little girl as he escorts her across a snowy landscape. Time bomb left by German forces retreating from Naples, Italy, in 1943, blows up a Post office building . Views of damage to building and bodies of victims. American Military Police assisting a victim. American soldiers carrying an injured civilian on a litter. Scene shifts to British Foreign Minister, Anthony Eden, Soviet Foreign Minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, and U.S. Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, entering a hall in the Spiridonovka Palace, during the 1943 Moscow Conference in Russia. Close-up of the American, Soviet, and British flags on a table. View of many delegates seated around the table. Close-up of Molotov, Eden, and Hull signing conference document.

Date: 1943
Duration: 3 min 58 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Montage of scenes illustrating the final stages of World War II in Europe

Liberation of Paris August 22, 1944. Tricolor flying from Arch of Triumph. Crowds celebrate. Young people dance in street. Tanks firing guns. Bombs dropping on Germany. American tanks firing in Cologne, Germany. Spires of Cologne Cathedral loom above destruction and rubble in streets of Cologne. German civilian refugees on the streets. Germans in front of air raid shelters. Animated map showing Soviet advance from East.Formation of Ilyushin Il-2 aircraft. Soviet tanks in farm field. Silhouetted German soldiers surrendering. Wounded and fallen German soldiers. Destroyed German military equipment. A long line of surrendered German soldiers. Allied forces driving into Germany beyond the Rhine River. Suffering German civilians and refugees including men, women, and children in desperate circumstances after the devastation of war. German refugees walking on roads, including babies in carriages or prams.

Date: 1945
Duration: 3 min 13 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German soldiers fire machine guns at Soviet enemy forces and advance with tanks on the eastern front in World War 2

View of map showing Riga, Tilsit, and Warsaw. German soldiers advance with tanks in eastern Europe. A German soldier looks through binoculars. Slit trench with boards at bottom for protection against mud. Two German soldiers, one with a machine gun and the other with a rifle. The soldier fires the machine gun at enemy Soviet Union forces. German StuG III and troops advance forward. Four German soldiers pull a dead soldier along a tarpaulin. Troops fire flamethrower towards a bunker.

Date: 1944, June 7
Duration: 1 min 28 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
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