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Eastern Europe 1956 stock footage and images

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Czechoslovak coup with Communists coming to power; anti-Communist demonstrations in various European nations over 10 years

U.S. propaganda piece about threats by communists against various European countries. The Czechoslovak coup and demonstrations. Czech citizens moving on a street in Czechoslovakia during a strike forcing conservative elements to resign from the cabinet. Scenes of police brutality and beatings against strikers. Communists take over the police. Czech President Edvard Benes with conservative politicians in a government building. Huge crowd on a street. Police clashing with crowd. Czech Prime Minister Klement Gottwald with officials. President Edvard Benes, facing possible civil war or invasion by the Soviet Union, accepts a Communist cabinet. He is seen signing documents to that effect on February 25, 1948. Other officials beside President Benes during the signing. View of the first President of Czechoslovakia Tomas Masaryk's son, Jan Masaryk, who remained the Foreign Minister, and did not agree to the new government. Two days later Jan Masaryk is discovered dead. The body of Jan Masaryk in a coffin. Edvard Benes, who resigned in June 1948 after refusing to sign the communist constitution, is seen walking slowly outside the Parliament using a cane. A guard saluting Benes. View of the body of Edvard Benes, who died in September 1948, laying in a coffin. Mourning citizens offering flowers and cry. Officials bearing the coffin. Shift several years later to street strikes in East Germany in 1953. People during a strike and riot in Poland in 1956. Russian tanks moving on a street and Soviet soldiers are seen. Elevated view of panic and Polish citizens fleeing soldiers. October 1956: Student demonstrators on street in Budapest Hungary during the Hungarian Uprising of 1956. Soviet Russian red star is toppled by crowds from a building roof in a sign of defiance. Russian troops respond with tanks on the streets in Hungary. Crowd fights back. Russians retreat. Crowd overwhelms local police. Imre Nagy, Prime Minister of Hungary, ascends steps. Hungarian crowd on streets burn communist books and papers. Russian tanks invade Hungary to crush revolt. Tanks fire guns on Hungarian street. Imre Nagy's execution announced June 17, 1958.

Date: 1956
Duration: 3 min 37 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
German army retreats from the eastern front and destroy railroads and Russian villages in their way, during World War II.

German Army retreats from the Eastern Front and destroy railroads and villages in their way, during World War II. A map shows German expansion on the eastern front in Estonian LIthuanian border in Europe, during World War II. German soldiers retreat from the eastern front towards a new line of defense. German soldiers dynamite railroad tracks and retreat from a burning village. Natives of the village evacuate it with their luggage and livestock. Soviet tanks and trucks damaged by German small arms and artillery fired.

Date: 1944
Duration: 2 min 54 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: German
 
 
Communism growing over Central and Eastern Europe after World War 2, and development of Marshall Plan.

Events after World War II. Harvesting in U.S. farms. Closeup view as a tractor plows fields. Men on horseback driving sheep. Woman serves a Thanksgiving turkey dinner to her family gathered at a nice dining room table in the United States. Her children look at the food with smiles. Contrasting scenes show Europeans starving amid post-war ruins. Women and children looking for food. A child in a soup line. Women wait in a line to receive grain that is weighed on a scale. Globe spins. Joseph Stalin and other Soviet officials watch a military parade in Red Square in Russia. Retrospective scenes of the meeting of Russian and U.S. troops at the Elbe River late in World War 2. Communist rally in Paris. A protester holds up a hammer and sickle symbol. A demonstration of protestors in Athens, Greece, and another Communist demonstration in Rome, Italy. Map depicts communist control growing over Central and Eastern Europe early in Cold War. High aerial view of Washington DC with a lower altitude airplane flying over the U.S. Capitol. Exterior view of State Department (Old Executive Office Building) in Washington DC. View of Secretary of State James F Byrnes working at his desk. Byrnes speaks of U.S. role in world affairs while at a conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Scenes from a meeting of the Big Four foreign ministers in 1947. Scenes changes to North Portico of White House. Swearing in ceremony of George C. Marshall as Secretary of State. President Harry S Truman shakes hands with Secretary George Marshall. Night view of London landmark buildings. View of door at No. 10 Downing Street in London. View of brutal winter conditions in Europe in February 1947. Citizens try to dig out a train stuck in snow. Women in line in Britain for a rationed good, still saddled with its own postwar reconstruction. Narrator relates that Britain was unable to continue to provide massive military and economic aid to the Greek regime and appealed to the U.S. to handle the situation. Secretary of State Marshall and President Truman seen talking together in front of a fireplace mantle. Marshall boards aircraft for a visit to Moscow. Truman in a White House meeting, seated at oval table with his advisors and cabinet. Truman addressing joint session of congress on March 12, 1947. He asks for funds for Greece and Turkey. Globe highlights USSR. Door sign reads 'Policy Planning Staff - George F Kennan - Director'. Director Kennan seen at his desk. He advocates a long term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies. Reconstruction in Europe. Ground level and aerial views of bomb destroyed European cities, and workers cleaning up rubble. Brief scene from the meeting of 16 nations in Paris on July 3, 1947. Scenes from United Nations meeting held in Lake Success New York in September 1947. George Marshall at podium addressing delegates of UN. Russian delegate Andrey Vyshinsky commenting on Marshall Plan. Signing of Marshall Plan agreement by international delegates meeting in Paris in September 1947.

Date: 1948
Duration: 8 min 31 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Vice President Nixon and Senator Kennedy debate over a fight against communism prior to presidential elections in the U.S.

The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows correspondent Walter Cronkite to ask Senator Kennedy a question. Mr. Cronkite asks Senator Kennedy that in what areas the United States might take offensive against communism rather than being defensive to the Soviet Union. Senator Kennedy replies to the question and says that the eastern Europe is very vulnerable area according to him. He says there should be policies which make it possible to establish closer relation with a country like Poland and he also mentions the Hungarian Revolution. Senator Kennedy speaks about the relations between the Soviet Union and China. He says that India represents a great area for affirmative action by the free world. India started from about the same place that China did. India under a free society has been making some progress. But if India does not succeed, Communism can take over. He says that in Africa, Asia, Latin America, eastern Europe, the great force on their side is the desire of people to be free. Correspondent Howe asks Vice President Nixon to comment on the topic. Nixon speaks about Poland and says that Poland in not in a position to take any independent position under Soviet control. He talks about aids being sent to Poland from the U.S. and says that the U.S. can have more exchange with Poland or with any other Iron Curtain countries.

Date: 1960
Duration: 4 min 58 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Unedited
Language: English
 
 
Hitler addresses Reichstag in Berlin, Nazi army advances in Soviet Union, and signing of Atlantic Charter during World War II.

Adolf Hitler addresses the Reichstag in Berlin regarding Nazi offensive plans on the Eastern Front against the Soviet Union. Marshall Hermann Goering, Sharp and other Nazi leaders listen to him. A map shows eastern front with Nazi Armies advance in Soviet Union. Battle scenes between German and Soviet armies. German soldiers capture a Soviet prisoner of war. German soldiers fire artillery during a battle. View of German tanks advancing and firing on a battlefield. Ruins of a wrecked, smoking Soviet tank. Scene shifts to United States President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill at Atlantic Conference aboard ship "Prince of Wales" for signing of Atlantic Charter. The Allied leaders are seen singing "Onward Christian Soldiers" during a service.

Date: 1941
Duration: 2 min 18 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: Japanese
 
 
German troops and equipment advance on Eastern Front during World War II.

German forces pulling artillery across shallow water, and pulling a landing craft along a beach. Aerial view of a large body of German soldiers in formations in a field and many miling about in an opern area An area of wrecked trucks. A German tank turns corner. Two German motorcyclists follow a truck. German light tank . A sign reads ' Maniysh Damm, Grenze Europe Asien' (Frontier border between Europe and Asia).German cavalry units advance along road upon the large, wide earthen dam. A barge with trucks in a lake.

Date: 1941
Duration: 1 min 2 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: French
 
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