Inside the main cabin of the President Nixon's VC-137C airplane, Spirit of 76 (Air Force One) during flight from Salzburg, Austria, to Moscow Russia, on May 22, 1972. Brief glimpse of National Security Advisor, Henry Kissinger. Views of Press Secretary, Ronald Ziegler. Airborne Press center. Some members of the White House Press Corps filing reports. One is dictating into a hand-held recording device. Some passengers resting.
Two members of the Presidential party traveling on President Nixon's VC-137C, Spirit of 76, discuss plans and procedures for the President's next stop, at Vnukovo II Airport in Moscow. They refer to a chart depicting the President's airplane and diagramming the path to be taken from the aircraft and the position of various parties in the arrival ceremonies.
German Army retreats from the Eastern Front and destroy railroads and villages in their way, during World War II. A map shows German expansion on the eastern front in Estonian LIthuanian border in Europe, during World War II. German soldiers retreat from the eastern front towards a new line of defense. German soldiers dynamite railroad tracks and retreat from a burning village. Natives of the village evacuate it with their luggage and livestock. Soviet tanks and trucks damaged by German small arms and artillery fired.
Events after World War II. Harvesting in U.S. farms. Closeup view as a tractor plows fields. Men on horseback driving sheep. Woman serves a Thanksgiving turkey dinner to her family gathered at a nice dining room table in the United States. Her children look at the food with smiles. Contrasting scenes show Europeans starving amid post-war ruins. Women and children looking for food. A child in a soup line. Women wait in a line to receive grain that is weighed on a scale. Globe spins. Joseph Stalin and other Soviet officials watch a military parade in Red Square in Russia. Retrospective scenes of the meeting of Russian and U.S. troops at the Elbe River late in World War 2. Communist rally in Paris. A protester holds up a hammer and sickle symbol. A demonstration of protestors in Athens, Greece, and another Communist demonstration in Rome, Italy. Map depicts communist control growing over Central and Eastern Europe early in Cold War. High aerial view of Washington DC with a lower altitude airplane flying over the U.S. Capitol. Exterior view of State Department (Old Executive Office Building) in Washington DC. View of Secretary of State James F Byrnes working at his desk. Byrnes speaks of U.S. role in world affairs while at a conference in Stuttgart, Germany. Scenes from a meeting of the Big Four foreign ministers in 1947. Scenes changes to North Portico of White House. Swearing in ceremony of George C. Marshall as Secretary of State. President Harry S Truman shakes hands with Secretary George Marshall. Night view of London landmark buildings. View of door at No. 10 Downing Street in London. View of brutal winter conditions in Europe in February 1947. Citizens try to dig out a train stuck in snow. Women in line in Britain for a rationed good, still saddled with its own postwar reconstruction. Narrator relates that Britain was unable to continue to provide massive military and economic aid to the Greek regime and appealed to the U.S. to handle the situation. Secretary of State Marshall and President Truman seen talking together in front of a fireplace mantle. Marshall boards aircraft for a visit to Moscow. Truman in a White House meeting, seated at oval table with his advisors and cabinet. Truman addressing joint session of congress on March 12, 1947. He asks for funds for Greece and Turkey. Globe highlights USSR. Door sign reads 'Policy Planning Staff - George F Kennan - Director'. Director Kennan seen at his desk. He advocates a long term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies. Reconstruction in Europe. Ground level and aerial views of bomb destroyed European cities, and workers cleaning up rubble. Brief scene from the meeting of 16 nations in Paris on July 3, 1947. Scenes from United Nations meeting held in Lake Success New York in September 1947. George Marshall at podium addressing delegates of UN. Russian delegate Andrey Vyshinsky commenting on Marshall Plan. Signing of Marshall Plan agreement by international delegates meeting in Paris in September 1947.
The fourth presidential election debate held between Democratic nominee Senator John F. Kennedy and Republican nominee U.S. Vice President Richard Nixon in New York, United States on 21st October 1960. ABC News correspondent Quincy Howe speaks during the debate and allows correspondent Walter Cronkite to ask Senator Kennedy a question. Mr. Cronkite asks Senator Kennedy that in what areas the United States might take offensive against communism rather than being defensive to the Soviet Union. Senator Kennedy replies to the question and says that the eastern Europe is very vulnerable area according to him. He says there should be policies which make it possible to establish closer relation with a country like Poland and he also mentions the Hungarian Revolution. Senator Kennedy speaks about the relations between the Soviet Union and China. He says that India represents a great area for affirmative action by the free world. India started from about the same place that China did. India under a free society has been making some progress. But if India does not succeed, Communism can take over. He says that in Africa, Asia, Latin America, eastern Europe, the great force on their side is the desire of people to be free. Correspondent Howe asks Vice President Nixon to comment on the topic. Nixon speaks about Poland and says that Poland in not in a position to take any independent position under Soviet control. He talks about aids being sent to Poland from the U.S. and says that the U.S. can have more exchange with Poland or with any other Iron Curtain countries.
Adolf Hitler addresses the Reichstag in Berlin regarding Nazi offensive plans on the Eastern Front against the Soviet Union. Marshall Hermann Goering, Sharp and other Nazi leaders listen to him. A map shows eastern front with Nazi Armies advance in Soviet Union. Battle scenes between German and Soviet armies. German soldiers capture a Soviet prisoner of war. German soldiers fire artillery during a battle. View of German tanks advancing and firing on a battlefield. Ruins of a wrecked, smoking Soviet tank. Scene shifts to United States President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill at Atlantic Conference aboard ship "Prince of Wales" for signing of Atlantic Charter. The Allied leaders are seen singing "Onward Christian Soldiers" during a service.