On the way to the Paris Peace conference, President and Mrs. Wilson visit Carlisle, England, on 29 December, 1918. Crowds gather at the main Market square in Carlisle, England, to welcome President Wilson on his “pilgrimage of the heart” visit to this birthplace of his mother. The weather is foggy and drizzling. The Crown & Mitre Hotel, where the President and First lady are staying, and where Wilson signed the freemen's roll, can be seen faintly across the square. A troop of horsemen lead an open horse-drawn carriage carrying the President, Carlisle Mayor Bertram Carr and another official. They step from the carriage in front of the Town Hall to await a second carriage carrying First Lady, Mrs.Edith Wilson. While waiting, Wilson doffs his hat and waves to the crowds attending in spite of the dreary weather. The second carriage arrives and Mrs.Wilson waves a large bouquet of flowers as she steps down from the carriage,followed by Lady Mayoress, Miss Eleanor Carr. The President, First Lady, and others then enter the Town Hall.
President Woodrow Wilson leaves No.10 Downing Street, in London. He enters an automobile. Among others present are: Lloyd George, Arthur Balfour, and Arthur Henderson. Mrs. Wilson is escorted, by The Duke of Connaught, carrying an umbrella, to a different automobile. The Wilsons and several other cars proceed through a light rain past Windsor Castle. Spectators line the sidewalks, many holding umbrellas. Spectators with umbrellas gather around the Crown and Mitre Hotel in Carlisle, England, where a reception was being held for President and Mrs. Wilson. (President Wilson's mother was born in Carlisle, England, and he wanted to visit there, accordingly.)
(World War i; World War 1; WWI; WW1)
American troops waving their hats, hands and a flag in celebration of the Armistice ending hostilities. American troops escort smiling prisoners.Crowds celebrate in a public square. American soldiers celebrate while riding on an army truck through crowds. Soldiers kiss some girls. Crowds celebrate in New York City. A coffin for War is inscribed with statements saying: "Died November 11, 1918" and "Remember the Lustania" and "Gimbel Brothers". Celebrating people ride on the roofs of cars. One carries a chained effigy of German Kaiser that men hit with clubs. General Pershing, accompanied by officials, salutes the crowd and enters an open car that proceeds in a motorcade during "ticker tape" parade in New York City. General Pershing, on horseback, leads troops in victory parade. President Woodrow Wilson is seen aboard the ship SS George Washington during his December 1919 voyage to France to participate in the Paris Peace Conference leading to the Treaty of Versailles. "Vive Wilson" is spelled out in light bulbs on sign above Paris street during parade in Paris honoring Woodrow Wilson. Parisians celebrate with parade through the Arc de Triomphe on 16 December, 1918.
A U.S. arms manufacturing in World War 1. Hundreds of workers seen at shift change, waiting for their respective trolley cars passing on tracks between arms manufacturing plant's buildings. Women at work on metal working machines in an arms factory. Racks of Browning Automatic Rifles (Rifle, Caliber .30, Automatic, Browning, M1918) are being moved about. Assemblers are seen hand fitting parts for the Browning M1917 water cooled machine gun. One man makes final assembly adjustments to one of the machine guns set up on tripod in the factory. He enjoys firing the Browning M1917 machine gun. (Note:The M1917 and M1918 BAR were manufactured by numerous American arms makers. Colt, Remington, Marlin, Royal typewriter, Winchester. Most of the M1917 machine guns were manufactured by New England Westinghouse.)
German submarines taken as war prizes by Britain after World War I. A British official is taken by boat to inspect the submarines. Accompanied by British Naval offiers, he steps walks along the deck of the German submarine, U-9, pointing to its identifying letters. He poses with the officers. Visible behind them is the British submarine, L-15. (Note: The German U-boat, U-9, was surrendered on November 26, 1918 and broken up at Morecambe, England, in 1919.)
French Marshal Petain, now Premier, walks to a car and seen later at conference table with Pierre Laval and other national leaders. View of Adolf Hitler, with close associates, expressing delight after signing of the second armistice at Compiegne,ending French resistance, on June 22, 1940. German honor guard marching near Marshal Foch's railroad car where the 1918 armistice was signed. Monument of Marshal Foch. Hitler, Hermann Goering, and Admiral Raeder, head of the Kriegsmarine, review the honor guard. German stand at steps of the rail car. Raeder, and Goering, both carrying Marshal's batons, flank Hitler. French Army General Charles Huntziger, accompanied by General Jean Bergeret,Air Minister, Vice Admiral Le Luc, Commander of Maritime Forces, and Ambassador Leon Noel, are escorted by two German officers. They enter the railroad carriage. View inside, as Hitler, Goering and German representatives stand when they enter. Newspaper headline describes tax on France for German occupation. French prisoners of war in an outdoor yard and being moved to Germany. French prisoners in bucket brigade and carrying construction materials. French workers engaged in labor to support German war effort. Unhappy French children. Public funerals for persons executed by the Germans. German flag draped over the Foch statue. Hitler's touring motorcade passes Arch of Triumph in Paris in early morning when streets are empty. Parisians gather on streets to hear German orders broadcast. Many express distress. In Southern France, Military units carry their colors as they depart for North Africa. General Charles DeGaulle is among the marchers. DeGaulle seen reviewing contingents of French military. Free French soldiers parading in London, England. Military officers salute as the ship carrying Regimental colors departs. French colors carried beside unit with American flag. General Charles de Gaulle and General Henri Giraud at 1943 Casablanca Conference (Roosevelt and Churchill seated).