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U.S. Coast Guard activities preparing for the Allied invasion of Normandy in World War II

June 9, 1944. Sand flats seen at Normandy, France, at low tide. The World War 2 Allied invasion force has fought its way inland. Beached landing craft and destroyed buildings. German steel beach obstacles have been stacked out of the way. U.S. Sherman DD tank sunk in sand. Badly damaged LCT-25 on the beach at Normandy, with her cargo of half-tracks still aboard and remains of the first one off, sitting at her ramp where it was hit by a German shell. Higgins Boat riddled with bullet holes. Scene shifts to January,1944.US troops descend from a troop transport ship into LCT-504 for practice maneuvers in the Chesapeake Bay. Troops hit the beach in Higgins Boats driven by U.S. Coast Guardsmen from the Attack Transport ship, USS Samuel Chase (APA-26).US troops boarding ships to England, in February, 1944. Views of live aboard transport ships in convoys crossing the Atlantic Ocean.Coast Guardsmen near weapons at duty stations. Troops quartered aboard a transport with four levels of bunks.Soldiers passing the time: playing cards, napping, reading and writing letters, and sewing clothes. Troops line the deck of the transport ship,USS Bayfield (APA-33), as she approaches port in England. Landing craft from the Bayfield, carrying troops, are seen in assault training exercises in England.Troops wading ashore during training. Coast Guard officers and sailor are seen aboard larger landing ships in exercises.Coast Guard officer smoking a cigar, as landing craft from the Samuel Chase speeds away after landing troops ashore. Trucks drive ashore from landing craft. Scene shifts to May, 1944 and a formation of B-24 aircraft dropping bombs on enemy targets in Europe.

Date: 1944
Duration: 4 min 20 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Preparations in England for the D-Day invasion of Normandy in World War II

World War 2 invasion of Normandy, France. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Marshal Joseph Stalin, and Prime Minister Churchill, meeting at Tehran, Iran, in December 1943. U.S. Generals George Marshall and Hap Arnold, at conference table. Closeup of General Dwight D. Eisenhower. Map showing defense areas of the German 7th, 15th and 19th Armies in Europe. Map showing ports at Brest, Cherbourg, Le Havre, Dieppe, and Calais. Cherbourg is highlighted. U.S. Army trucks, tanks, and artillery, stockpiled in England. Railroad train carrying M3 Stuart tanks. U.S soldiers leaving troop ships and marching to their camps in Britain. Allied troops practicing amphibious assaults on Southern coast of England. Formation of B-26 bombers.View from Allied aircraft flying low over German-occupied area. B-17dropping bombs over Germany. German fighter planes attacking B-17 bombers beginning in February 1944. Gunner in turret of B-17 firing at them. A B-17 exploding in the air. German fighter downed by B-17 gunner. Gun camera footage of German Bf 109 attacked from rear by gunfire. American soldiers in trucks, DUKWs, M4 tanks, and M8 armored Cars. Troops receive gas masks, waist life belts, field rations, and French money. May 30, 1944, American soldiers board tanks, trucks and other vehicles bound for embarkation points in England. Seen are Stuart M3 light tanks, jeeps, and M7 Priest tanks. M7 tanks are seen, equipped with intake and exhaust ducts. (At TC:11:39, U.S. M7 Priest tanks,equipped for deep wading, are seen passing the base of the Jubilee clock on the beachfront at Weymouth, on their way toward Castle Town in Portland for embarkation.) Transport ships are loaded at the embarkation ports. Trucks being backed onto LCT-453. U.S. Army infantry marching and boarding transport ships. Troops marching into LST 376 at Plymouth, England. Higgins Boats, from the USS Samuel Chase (APA-26) bringing troops to board her. Troops on deck of Attack transport, USS Joseph T. Dickman (APA-13). Barrage balloons overhead. Soldiers shooting craps on a troop ship deck. Coastguardsmen playing with a puppy dog. Gun crews on U.S. Navy warship being briefed. Soldiers field-strip and check their weapons

Date: 1944, June
Duration: 15 min 13 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Destruction in coastal northeast USA from the 1944 "Great Atlantic Hurricane" (First example of a named hurricane in the US)

Views of The Great Atlantic Hurricane lashing at northeast United States areas (after having already hit the North Carolina Outer Banks), and views of the aftermath and early cleanup following the storm. Regions shown include Atlantic City, Long Island (where it came ashore as a category 3 hurricane on September 15, 1944), New York City suburbs, and parts of New England. High surf flooding boardwalks and coastal cities. Trees bent over and snapped in high winds. People walking with difficulty in the high winds. Streets of towns submerged in water. Coastal docks destroyed and large boats scattered high onto shore areas. Trees, poles, and wires downed over roads and homes. Entire homes moved off of their foundations and placed down the street. The "Great Atlantic Hurricane" was the first example of a named hurricane by the Miami Hurricane Warning Office, which later became the National Hurricane Center. The name was meant to reflect the hurricane's size and intensity.

Date: 1944, September 15
Duration: 1 min 56 sec
Sound: No
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Allied troops aboard ships and gliders head for Normandy, France for the D day invasion during World War II.

Allied invasion of Normandy, France during World War II. U.S. General Joseph McNarney, Deputy Chief of Staff at a desk as he outlines the importance of June 6, 1944 the day Allied forces attacked the Germans in Normandy. He speaks about the decision to knock down the Nazis first and then the Japanese during the World War. He says that the invasion of Normandy was planned in November 1943. He also states how General Dwight D. Eisenhower, Supreme Commander of the Allied forces in Europe, planned and executed the invasion. He also speaks about how the U.S. Army Air Forces and the Royal Air Forces aircraft bombarded the coasts of Normandy prior to the D Day invasion. Past events show American soldiers getting onto landing crafts in England as they leave for the invasion. The soldiers aboard the ships in the English Channel. The soldiers read the Bible and comics, sleep and cook aboard the ships. On June 5th , 1944 the ships head towards Normandy for the invasion. In England gliders carrying paratroopers take off from an airfield to bombard the German positions in Normandy. The soldiers receive ration and work on motorbikes. TNT ( trinitrotoluene )being loaded. The soldiers check their guns and other weapons prior to the invasion. Jeep and artillery being loaded onto aircraft.

Date: 1944
Duration: 6 min 32 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Planning and execution of the Allied invasion of Normandy, France, in World War II.

View of a port in England, filled with Allied ships and boats to carry war materiel for Allied forces preparing to invade Europe during World War 2. A barrage balloon aloft overhead. Yards full of military rolling stock. Scene shifts to Whitehall Government buildings around the The Cenotaph war memorial in London, England. Inside the British military headquarters the Allied High Command is gathered to plan the invasion of Europe. Supreme Allied Commander, General Dwight D. Eisenhower is pointing at a wall map, as senior Allied commanders, including British Marshal Bernard Montgomery, look on. Next, Americam P-47 fighter planes, in D-Day paint stripes take off from an airdrome. Officers watch takeoffs from control tower porch. Views from Allied aircraft gun cameras show strafing from low altitudes destroying German ground targets, including railroads and airfields. A formation of American B-26 bombers in flight overhead. Lines of communication such as road junctions being destroyed by bombing. Glimpse of copilot at controls in a bomber. Scene shifts to June 6, 1944 and the Allied invasion fleet underway across the English Channel. Allied warships bombarding the shores of Normandy, France. Landing Craft Tank (Rocket) firing salvos of rockets. Animated mat shows the invasion forces striking the defenses of the German West Wall. View of British and American soldiers wading ashore from landing craft, and some falling to German gunfire at the shoreline. View of German defenders firing from inside a German fortification. German soldiers firing machine guns from protected places overlooking the beaches of Normandy. Trapped American soldiers firing upwards toward the German positions in cliffs overlooking the beach. Later views of Allied troops in combat further inland. Animated map shows area of allied penetration after 19 days of bitter fighting. Allied Armor, trucks, and supplies moving inland from the beachhead. Barrage balloon above the improvised ports. Allied troops heading toward the port of Cherbourg and guns firing in that battle. American M8 Greyhound armored personnel carriers proceeding into the town of cherbourg. closeup of American soldiers firing small arms. Soldiers firing a howitzer point blank. The last of the German garrison troops surrendering under a flag of truce, on June 27, 1944. Large group of German prisoners of war with hands clasped over their heads, being escorted under guard from Cherbourg. Docks and facilities needing repair to make the port serviceable. U.S. Army engineers welding port facilities. Closeup of a locomotive operated by French railroad men, moving in the restored port.

Date: 1944
Duration: 3 min 57 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Allied forces preparing in England for the Invasion of Normandy.

A dramatized film entitled "Beachhead to Berlin" describes preparations for the Allied invasion of France and the drive toward Berlin. Film combines actors and actual footage. Harbor in Greenway England in July, 1944. U.S. Coast Guard Barracks. Coast Guard men playing cards. One on a bunk contemplating. Chaplain's office: Chaplain typing and smoking a pipe. Audio narration of his letter being read, describing how things transpired at the Normandy beaches. Then actual footage of wounded being transported on ships after Normandy invasion. In England, footage of LCIs, LCVPs, Coast Guard cutters, including the Flying Angel Rescue Cutter. All of these ships participating in "dry run" practices for the actual Normandy landing. Coast Guard crews on decks of ships. Infantry loading landing crafts in England for dry runs. Landing craft arriving on English beaches during dry runs. A jeep drives off a landing craft and gets stuck on metal mesh on the beach. A tank is driven off a landing craft. Men maintaining ships. Scraping rust from the deck, painting identifications on ships, repairing rope ladders, and welding.

Date: 1944, June
Duration: 4 min 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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