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England 1945 stock footage and images

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Londoners celebrate VE Day, the end of World war II, in Europe

With the surrender of Germany, World War 2 in Europe ends, on VE (Victory in Europe) Day, May 8, 1945. Scene opens with church bells ringing and view of west front of St. Paul's Cathedral, on Ludgate Hill, in London, England. Crowd is celebrating in the square. around the statue of Queen Anne. Amongst the crowd are men and women in uniform. Here and there Union Jack flags are seen, one held by a little girl hoisted upon a man's shoulder. Camera pans across various parts of the celebrating crowds. View from above, of several couples dancing within a circle of people. Several uniformed U.S. Air Force officers in a jeep celebrate with the crowd. High altitude view of Trafalgar Square in London, England. 'Victory over Germany 1945' banner draped on base of Nelson's Column. Crowd of British citizens celebrating on streets of Whitehall and closeup of the Cenotaph with inscription "The Glorious Dead".

Date: 1945, May 8
Duration: 1 min 52 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Allied American, British and Soviet leaders during the Malta and Yalta Conference.

The Malta Conference in Malta, January - February 1945. The Malta fortification, building and towers. A plane taxis on the Luqa Airport on the island. General Woods, Smith, Marshall and Brehon B. Somervell deplane in Malta. Major General C.P. Woods shakes hands. Lt. General Walter B. Smith met by British Air Commander Whitney Strait. Ambassador W. Abel Hellemen with Major General F. M. Andersen. Arrival of Admiral Ernest J.King at the airport. Field Marshall Sir Harold Alexander, Supreme Allied Commander in the Mediterranean Theater. Admiral Andrew and B. Cunningham greet each other. General George C. Marshall steps off a plane. General Brehon B. Somervell greets England's Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. On February 2, 1945 an American warship arrives with U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He is saluted by the British Prime Minister Churchill. Sailors on deck. View of the Montgomery House. Combined meeting of U.S. and British Chiefs of Staff at the Montgomery House. The chiefs are seated around a table, military plans agreed upon. A wall map in the background. Delegates leave for another conference. Policemen control the crowds on either sides of a street. A Russian airport near Yalta in the Crimea. A transport plane lands at the airport. Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov greets Allied leaders outside a tent. Edward Stettinius U.S. Secretary of State gets off the plane. UK Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden. The flags of three countries fly over the field: US, UK and Soviet Union. Secretary of State outside the tent. Harry Hopkins arrives. Prime Minister Churchill gets off a UK plane. Kremlin Guards form the guard of honor. Franklin D Roosevelt greeted by Russian reception committee. Daughters of Roosevelt and Churchill talk All the delegates around the transport plane. Delegates salute during the national anthem. British Prime Minister and U.S. President inspect the guard of honor after the national anthem. Kremlin Guards march past in review.

Date: 1945
Duration: 6 min 12 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Robert Houghwout Jackson makes the opening statement of the prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials in the Palace of Justice.

Events related the Nuremberg Trials held at the Palace of Justice in Nuremberg, Germany. Flashbacks of a variety of Nazi crimes against humanity during World War II. Europe during 1945. War devastation: buildings and cities laid in waste, people in hunger and despair emerge from shelters searching for the causes of the war and of the immediate human suffering. Deprived children and adults weep, starve and beg on the streets. November 21, 1945, Nuremberg, Palace of Justice, seat of the International Military Tribunal. List shows the names of the convicted Nazi criminals. Chief prosecutor from the United States, Robert Houghwout Jackson, makes the opening statement of the prosecution. He presents Count 1 of the indictment a conspiracy to commit war crimes and crimes against peace and humanity. He makes the statement that criminals who have done injustice to the laws of humanity must be brought to justice. Stenographers wearing headphones take down notes. Defendants stand in their dock including Herman Goring, Rudolf Hess, Joachim von Ribbentrop, Wilhelm Keitel, Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder, Baldur von Schirach and Fritz Sauckel. Faces of the convicted criminals. Scenes from mass burial of victims from German bombing of Coventry, England. Scenes from the end of World War 2, with women weeping and civilian victims of war in Europe seen scavenging on streets for food. Women and hungry children scrape out trash cans and metal lids for bites of food. A group of men and women struggle in a food relief line.

Date: 1945
Duration: 8 min 15 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
Montage of German rocketry scenes from 1930s through World War II. Nazi surrender. Atomic bomb. Japanese surrender

German rocket pioneer, Gerhard Zucker, attempting to develop postal rockets in the 1930s. Location is Wadden Sea off Cuxhaven, on April 9, 1933, where Zucker follows Nazi Stormtroopers carrying the mail rocket across wet sands. The rocket is set up on a launch stand. Zucker and an assistant ignite the 8 side rockets and the mail rocket takes off. It noses up and loops over backwards, falling to the sand. Stormtroopers lift up the damaged device. Next, is seen a later, more modern, rocket trial ending in failure. Two German engineers display a model similar to the pulse-jet-powered "buzz bomb" (V-1) employed by the Nazis in World War 2. A brief glimpse of similar American machine on sand flat, as narrator states German acknowledgement of knowledge gleaned from Dr. Robert Goddard's work. A German V-1 flying bomb (aka Doodle Bug) being launched in 1944, during World War 2. View of British houses of Parliament, London, England; an air raid shelter sign in City of Westminster. Londoners waiting out a raid in the shelter. Scenes of fire and destruction during German bombing of London, as narrator speaks about the more advanced German V-2 ballistic missiles employed later in the war. Londoners trudging through debris amongst bombed out buildings. Change of scene to U.S. infantry and armor advancing deep into Germany. Narrator refers to them overrunning rocket bases and other vital war-making facilities, near the end of the war. Glimpse of large number of German prisoners of war. Documents of military surrender being signed by Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel, in Berlin, May 8, 1945. Closeup of Keitel. Scenes of American forces operating in Pacific theater. Aerial view of atomic bomb explosion. Japanese surrender ceremony on September 2, 1945, aboard the battleship USS Missouri. U.S. servicemen returning home and greeting loved ones. View of Pentagon building. U.S. troops boarding a ship in San Francisco, bound for war again, this time in Korea (1950).

Date: 1933, April 9
Duration: 3 min 5 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
President Truman and his party at RAF Station Harrowbeer near Plymouth, England during World War II.

United States President Harry S. Truman, and his party, make unplanned stop at RAF Station Harrowbeer during return from the last 4-Power meeting of World War 2, held at Berlin in July, 1945. (Their planned destination, RAF Station St Mawgan, was fogged in. So the President instructed his pilot, Lieutenant Colonel Henry T. Myers, to land at Harrowbeer, when they saw it was clear.) Truman descends steps from the Presidential Airplane (Douglas VC-54C named the "Sacred Cow," used by Presidents Roosevelt, and Truman). Two other C-54 aircraft have also arrived (unseen). One carried Secretary of State, James F. Byrnes, who poses with the President and three members of the British WAAF (Women's Auxiliary Air Force) identified as: Section Officer Eira Buckland Jones, Corporal Clarice Turner, and Leading Aircraft Woman Audley Bartlett. Views from inside car taking members of Presidential party to Plymouth Harbor. Groups of local people wave as the car passes through the English countryside. Larger numbers of spectators line the streets of the city of Plymouth. View of Plymouth Harbor from launch taking members of President's party out to the USS Augusta, anchored in Plymouth Sound (not seen).

Date: 1945, August 2
Duration: 1 min 51 sec
Sound: No
Color: Color
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
 
A statue of Franklin D Roosevelt unveiled in London, Britain.

A statue of Franklin D Roosevelt. King George VI of England and wife of Franklin D Roosevelt, Eleanor Roosevelt walk to a monument wrapped in a British flag. Mrs Roosevelt pulls a string and Franklin D Roosevelt's statue is unveiled. British guards at attention pay homage to the great leader. Inscription on the monument reads 'Franklin Delano Roosevelt 1882 - 1945' King George VI places a wreath at the statue. Clement Attlee, Mrs Roosevelt and Queen Elizabeth at the ceremony. Winston Churchill along with his wife. Churchill looks at the monument.

Date: 1950
Duration: 1 min 10 sec
Sound: Yes
Color: Monochrome
Clip Type: Edited
Language: English
 
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